Classical And Renaissance Architecture

1001 words, 5 pages

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A Comparison of Classical and Renaissance Architecture
The classical period was recognized to be primarily comprised during two reigns, Ancient Greece and then proceeded by Rome. As Athens rose to power in 479 B.C., after the defeat of the Persians, Ancient Greece became a superpower dominating by changing the government to a democracy and upholding their beliefs of their Greek gods (Hemingway& Hemingway, 2000). War and plague eventually doom the rule of Ancient Greece (Hemingway& Hemingway, 2000) and is proceeded by the Roman Empire. With the Romans guarding their borders a time of prosperity and peace ensue allowing advancements in technology and the arts (Lightfoot, 2000). Eventually the fall of the Roman... View More »

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While the Renaissance era created and altered buildings for some religious purposes, many were made for as a community center (Florence and Central Italy, 1400-1600 A.D., 2000). The social conditions during the Classical period and Renaissance changed the function of their buildings and purposes.

As previously stated the Renaissance continued many styles and themes from the Classical era and the Architectures continued to be innovative. The classical style was restored by remodeling of old buildings by adding classical touches such as columns, arches and domes inspired from the Classical period (Department of European Paintings, 2000). Two constructions, the Parthenon and the Florence Cathedral, are monumental to the Classical and Renassaince periods respectively. The Architecture Perikles created The Parthenon to symbolize Athen’s success in war and wealth ( Hemingway, 2000). The design displayed harmony with proportion and symmetry while strength with its massive size held up by columns from the Doric order. Brunelleschi’s innovation with the dome in the Florence cathedral is an example of how the Classical ideal of value in the individual and mathematics continued to influence. Brunelleschi created a double dome for the Florence cathedral by placing a smaller dome within the larger dome (Mueller, 2014). This dome wasn’t created to display Italy’s current power over the surrounding area or as a shrine to worship the gods. It was, however, created for a place of religious worship. The style is more complex than the simplicity from Ancient Greece of columns ...

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