Greek And Latin In The Terminology Of Immunology

2227 words, 9 pages

Intro Sample...

Many modern scientific terminology has been derived from basic word-elements of Greek and Latin languages. This is particularly true in the field of medicine where new words are emerging everyday as our knowledge of the human body increases. Hence it is a great advantage to be able to recognize the Latin and Greek roots for a science student in their study of scientific terms. A passage from a recently-published journal Immunology is examined to show how those scientific terminologies have been constructed from classical roots and the advantages of employing the Greek and Latin nomenclature system in this branch of science.

The chosen passage is from an article named “A hormone map of human immune cells... View More »

Body Sample...

In summary, triiodothyronine is produced and stored in thyroid gland. Hence, the term itself reveals the location of the hormone. This was probably done intentionally since the more information reveals in the word, the easier for users to understand its true meaning.

Moreover, the author also discussed histamine and serotonin which are involved in normal and allergic immune reactions. Serotonin is a hybrid of Latin and Greek roots. “Ser-” comes from Latin “serum” meaning watery fluid and “ton” is from Greek “tonos” meaning “tone”. Once again a connecting vowel is used here. The suffix “-in” is a shortened form of Latin “inus” and gives the meaning of the nature of watery fluid. Serotonin is a neurotransmitting chemical and was coined in 1948 . It could be found in cells of the brain and the intestine which makes sense since it’s a watery fluid. It is also important to note that even though the literary meaning of “-in” is “nature of” but it is often used as a chemical suffix indicating the chemical nature of the compound. While the chemical compound serotonin is a derivative of tryptophan, histamine is an amine which is indicated in the word itself. “Hist” comes from Greek “histos” meaning “tissue”. Amine can also be dissected into “am” meaning “ammonia” and the often-used Latin suffix “-ine”. Therefore, histamine literarily means an amine that is found in plant and animal tissues. This is another example where the location of the chemical is clearly stated in the term itself.

Many immune reactions are allergic. Allergic is fully composed of Greek roots. “All-” ...

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