They also made up their own rules about lighting, completely disregarding what they were taught in school and by the famous Renaissance artists. They also used real models and correct proportions instead of beautifying their subjects. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood wanted to show life and nature as it truly was.
The most notable members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood were William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rossetti, the co-founders with Millais3. Of the three original members Dante Rossetti hung onto the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhoods legacy the longest. Although it can be argued that William Hunt was the most fervent believer since he never changed the style or the subject of his paintings, Rossetti was the generally regarded as the leader2. He was also the only original member to revive and join the second generation of the Brotherhood. There were other artists in the Brotherhood that never became as widely known as the three founders. There names were Frederic George Stephens, James Collinson, William Michael Rossetti and Thomas Woolner4.
The Brotherhood had many negative critics. One of their most famous was the esteemed writer, Charles Dickens, who described John Millais' painting of "Christ in the House of His Parents" as "mean, odious, repulsive, and revolting3." The criticism became so bad that a popular art critic was asked to step in and support the group of young painters, just so they had some positive feedback. John Ruskin gladly agreed and soon became a genuine supporter of the Brotherhood2. He continued to praise their work even after his public divorce from his wife and her remarriage to John Millais.
Art is influenced by the politics, religion and economy of the times. For instance, during the Middle Ages when the Catholic Church ruled, they decreed only religious paintings were to be made. This decree held back any advances art might have made by limiting the subjects allowed to be painted. This limited the crea View More »