Design / Methodology / Approach A 5-Step Framework has been used to enable the decision process for designing Supply Chain in disaster. The framework covers inventory classification criteria for identifying critical supplies for a disaster under consideration and then deciding the safety stock level for that supply. Safety stock level is based upon the consumption rate and lead time for a particular supply. Set location covering model has been used to find out the minimum no. of warehousing locations required, balancing operational effectiveness and cost efficiency. An insight is also given into transportation planning and IT infrastructure required for information management in managing a disaster. Findings It is difficult for a single hospital or relief organization to maintain inventory of all supplies and logistics infrastructure to cater in the times of disaster. Ahead of it, the supply chain has to be setup for very short period of time thus preventing the organizations to invest building infrastructure for the same. Another issue in disaster management is coordination of all the activities taken up by different relief organizations. This requires the need of a centralized management solution, so a combined model of "Collective & Regional Planning And a 5Step Framework for managing Supply Chain" is proposed that can balance the responsiveness and cost efficiency of supply chain in disaster management.
Disaster Management: A Supply Chain Perspective
Today, most hospitals, public health agencies are often unable to acquire and deploy the resources needed to respond to a large-scale disaster effectively. Hurricane Katrina exposed the weaknesses of government agencies and relief organizations, when it comes to delivering emergency supplies and equipment. The overwhelming number of victims and widespread destruction caused by the disaster exacerbates the coordination efforts put by these orga View More »