Electricity Papers

  • Solar Power Ii

    1270 words, 6 pages

    Solar cells today are mostly made of silicon, one of the most common elements on Earth. The crystalline silicon solar cell was one of the first types to be developed and it is still the most common type in use today. They do not pollute the atmosphere and they leave behind no harmful waste products. Photovoltaic cells work effectively even in cloudy weather and unlike solar heaters, are more efficient at low temperatures. They do their job silently and there are no moving parts to wear out. It is no wonder that one marvels on how such a device would function. To understand how a

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    Power Factor

    1907 words, 8 pages

    The power factor of an AC electric power system is defined as the ratio of the real power to the apparent power, and is a number between 0 and 1 (frequently expressed as a percentage, e.g. 0.5 pf = 50% pf). Real power is the capacity of the circuit for performing work in a particular time. Apparent power is the product of the current and voltage of the circuit. Due to energy stored in the load and returned to the source, or due to a non-linear load that distorts the wave shape of the current drawn from the source, the apparent power can be greater than the real power. Low-power-factor loads in

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    Environmental System

    3442 words, 14 pages

    1. Abstract In 2001, The State of Environment report clearly shows the buildings add negative impact to our natural environment up to 32% of the world’s resources, including 12% of the fresh water and up to 40% of the world’s energy. Buildings also generate 40% of waste to landfill and 40% of air emission.1 Ecologically Sustainable Design (ESD) was such a trend nowadays. What is sustainability? In 1990, Australian Government defined ESD as: 'using, conserving and enhancing the community's resources so that ecological processes, on which life depends, are maintained, a

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    Tidal Power An Alternative Erergy Source

    1027 words, 5 pages

    Tidal Power is an alternative energy source that converts energy from the ocean into electricity and other forms of power. Out of all alternative energy sources, tidal power is the most reliable and predictable and has been used for many centuries. There are three basic categories of getting tidal energy; by using the oceans waves, the tides and the temperature differences in the water. It is a more beneficial energy source then using fossil fuels as it doesn’t actually use the water; instead it uses the energy produced from the water. Tidal power has problems such as i

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    Solar Energy

    2606 words, 11 pages

    SOLAR ENERGY. All life on Earth depends on energy from the sun. Solar energy is the source of energy for photosynthesis. It provides the warmth necessary for plants and animals to survive. The heat from the sun causes water on the Earth's surface to evaporate and form clouds that eventually provide fresh rainwater. Solar energy is the result of thermonuclear fusion reactions deep within the sun. These reactions produce so much energy that they keep the surface temperature of the sun at about 10,300B0F (5,700B0C). Even though solar energy is the largest source of energy received by the Eart

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    Wind Energy

    2552 words, 11 pages

    Wind Power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful form, such as electricity, using wind turbines. At the end of 2007, worldwide capacity of wind-powered generators was 94.1 gigawatts.[1] Although wind produces about 1% of world-wide electricity use,[2] it accounts for approximately 19% of electricity production in Denmark, 9% in Spain and Portugal, and 6% in Germany and the Republic of Ireland (2007 data). Globally, wind power generation increased more than fivefold between 2000 and 2007.[1] The principle application of wind power is to generate electricity. La

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    Ben Franklin

    2100 words, 9 pages

    Benjamin Franklin has influenced American technology, and indirectly, lifestyles by using his proficiencies and intelligence to conduct numerous experiments, arrive at theories, and produce several inventions. Franklin's scientific and analytical mind enabled him to generate many long lasting achievements which contributed to the development and refinement of modern technology. Few national heroes, including George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, played a more significant role in shaping the American way of life than Franklin. According to Fowler, "He personified t

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    Marketing Plan

    2969 words, 12 pages

    Table of Contents 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3 2 SITUATION ANALYSIS 3 2. 1 MARKET SUMMARY 3 2.1.1 Market Demographics 4 2.1.2 Market Needs 4 2.1.3 Market Growth 4 2.1.4 Market Trends 4 2.1.5 SWOT ANALYSIS 4 3 MARKETING STRATEGY 5 3.1 Mission 5 3.2 Marketing Objectives 6 3.3 Financial Objectives 6 3.4 Target Markets 7 3.5 Positioning 7 3.6 Marketing Mix 7 4 FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS 10 4.1 Expense Distribution 10 4.1.1 Initial Expense 10 4.1.2 Operating Expenses 11 4.2 Break Even Analysis 11 4.3 Sales Forecast 12 5 IMPLEMENTATION CONTROLS 12 5.1 Implementation: 12 5.2 Control 12 5

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    Electricity Transmission

    2305 words, 10 pages

    Electricity transmission encompasses the transfer of electric power from generating power plants to consumers through the use of various types of tranmission lines and transformers. Current transmission methods are inefficient and have various environmental impacts. The importance of electric grids has been frequently overlooked but in recent years, as renewable energy sources become viable, it has become increasingly essential for electricity transmission lines to be improved. Future transmission technologies offer better efficiency, reliability, higher voltages and co

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    Obedience Essay

    1645 words, 7 pages

    Obedience is the result of social influence; the unerring compliance to the will of something or someone. Examples of this are all around us in society where someone in authority expects us to behave in a certain way in a particular situation. In childhood this could be a parents request for a certain kind of behaviour or a teacher in a school environment expecting compliance to the rules and regulations. This continues in adult hood with the expectation to comply with the law of the land. Over the years psychologists have been perplexed by the acts of certain people

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    Energy Consumption

    4359 words, 18 pages

    Implementation of energy conservation”There is a sufficiency in the world for man's need but not for man's greed.”  ~Mohandas K. Gandhi INTRODUCTION The plan and action that I choose to implement in my life in support of making a change in the environment is the amount of electricity that I use and conservation techniques. Over the last six months since taking my first online course for this topic I became intrigued about different easy ways I could have an impact on one of the core issues that I have strong beliefs for. I am an animal lover and am constantly disgusted by the numbers

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    Green Minds

    1237 words, 5 pages

    Green energy, a term used for sources of power and energy that is environmentally friendly. Hybrid vehicles, consumption of energy, and solar panel energy are efficient and inefficient ways to provide energy for your everyday needs. Green energy's main focus is to use sources that can cut down on pollution, and that’s why it’s so hard in this day and age to get people to agree in these subjects. These subjects always bounce back and forth between engineers, debating if these new energy sources really help us in this day and age. Reviewing these subjects show the expansion of solar power const

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    Onsumer Attitudes To Utility Products

    9067 words, 37 pages

    Consumer attitudes to utility products: a consumer behaviour perspective Anna Watson University of Surrey, Guildford, UK Howard Viney Middlesex University Business School, London, UK Patrick Schomaker Lufthansa German Airlines, Frankfurt, Germany Keywords Utilities, Consumer behaviour, Electricity industry Introduction Recent figures released by the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI, 2001a) suggest that, on average, combined household utility bills in the UK have fallen by £129 since 1996 (DTI, 2001b). This reduction has been attributed to the beneficial

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    Gcse Science Physicsessay

    4214 words, 17 pages

    Contents Unit 1: Motion Unit 2: Speeding Up and Slowing Down Unit 3: Work and Energy Unit 4: Static Electricity Unit 5: Current Electricity Unit 6: Mains Electricity Unit 7: Nuclear Physics [This is Unit 2 Physics, Additional Physics. This section comes after Core Physics in an AQA Course (Unit 1)] P2-1 : Motion Speed and Velocity The table below shows the distances travelled by a car over a given amount of time: We can represent this as a graph: We call this type of graph a distance-time graph as it plots distance travelled against time taken. A slope on a d

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    Technologies In Energy Production

    1125 words, 5 pages

    Technologies in Energy Production Research Assignment Power Producing Technologies How it works? Energy Transformation Compare Input Energy, Useful output energy, what percent efficiency. How it affects society and environment (renewability, sustainability, pollution, advantages, and disadvantages % of energy generated for Ontario and Canada, how much worldwide, expensive/cheap Fossil-Fuel Power Station: Coal, Oil and Gas • Include oil, gas, coal and all other products derived from fossils • Fossil fuels release energy as they are burned • The burned energy is con

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    Strategic Capabilities

    17238 words, 69 pages

    Sustaining Good Practice. Sustainability Report A sustainable business model As Aitken Spence completes a year since the roll out of the Group’s Integrated Sustainability Policy, I am happy to note the progress made across our subsidiaries in instituting awareness of sustainability principles and of the manner in which corporate sustainability becomes a means of competitive advantage. Our integrated sustainability policy is, in effect, a proactive long term strategy that allows us to address issues that may affect future viability, right now; ensuring that we are h

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    Lemon Battery

    988 words, 4 pages

    A lemon battery is a battery used in experiments proposed in many science textbooks around the world.  It is made by inserting two different metallicobjects, for example a galvanized nail and a copper coin, into an ion bridge (for example a lemon, a potato or paper soaked in salt water or acid). The copper coin serves as the negative electrode or cathode and the galvanized nail as the electron-producing positive electrode or anode. These two objects work aselectrodes, causing an electrochemical reaction which generates a small potential difference. The origin of lemon and potato batteries is u

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    Energy

    1004 words, 5 pages

    How energy can be converted from one form to another. Energy conversion is the process of changing one form of energy to another form. In order for a system to gain energy the environment must supply it, and when the system looses energy the environment must gain it. When the energy is transferred it can be converted from its original form to another as the transfer takes place, but the energy will never be created or destroyed. [Integrated Science McGraw Hill Learning Solutionspg.65] When gasoline burns in the engine of a car, it takes the same amount of work and he

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    The Legacy Of Nikola Tesla

    990 words, 4 pages

    In partial fulfillment of the requirements for: Born in 1856 the son of an Orthodox priest in Smiljan, Croatia, Nikola Tesla had an early exposure to inventing. His mother, although unschooled, was a very intelligent woman who often created appliances that helped with home and farm responsibilities, such as a mechanical eggbeater. Nikola Tesla has done a lot of work with electricity and his ideas and research have evolved the way electricity is used today; he was the founder of alternating current which is used to power the homes and industries in much of the world today. Young Nikola

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    Physics Resistance Coursework

    1003 words, 5 pages

    My aim is to investigate how and why Resistance is affected when different variables are changed. In my Preliminary experiment I will decide what equipment I will use and why and also decide the intervals of my tests. Electricity is very important as it powers practically everything around us. The electrical charge that flows through something is basically the current that flows through it, this charge is carried by electrons that flow through the conductor which is normally a metal. These electrons then travel through the conductor and collide with other electrons and due to this knock on ef

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    Below Zero Kelvin

    951 words, 4 pages

    While it was once thought to be impossible for absolute temperature to be below zero Kelvin, physicists at the Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich recently created an atomic gas that has a negative Kelvin value. These negative values are brought about by inverting the Boltzmann distribution, which means that most particles move slowly, while only some most very fast in a low-energy state. By inverting this distribution so that most particles move fast while only some move slowly, it means that the particles now have a negative absolute temperature. While this inversion seems easy in theory, i

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    Globalization

    1010 words, 5 pages

    All countries are becoming increasingly synthesized with one-another, and influences on one country will cause dramatic ripple effects on others. Globalization brings both positive and negative effects. Hence I would like to discuss the positive and negative effects that Singapore has faced because of globalization. Over the past half-century, Globalization has been inescapable throughout the world. It is everywhere . Remarkably, for so widely a used term, there does not appear to have a precise agreed definition. Globalization can be defined as the process by which p

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    Decisions In Paradise Part 2

    995 words, 4 pages

    ___________________ MGT 350 Jessica Lowery Collins Decisions in Paradise, Part 2 Electricity Consultants has a business presence on Kava, an island in the South Pacific. Because of Kava’s location, it is beset with threats from a number of natural sources, including tidal waves, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, and fires, volcanic, and seismic activity. Kava’s population also suffers other forms of disaster including HIV/AIDS, threat of avian flu, petroleum spills and terrorist threats. The petroleum industry is a large driver of the Ka

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    Discuss The Impact Of The Three Gorges Dam

    1011 words, 5 pages

    Throughout this report I will be speculating the importance on the advantages and disadvantages in the proceeding construction of the biggest dam in the world called the Three Gorges Dam. The dam is going to be built across the Yangtze River; this river runs from Shanghai and to Yibin. Also the Yangtze River is the third longest river in the whole world. First of all a dam is an artificial embankment or a barrier which helps control the pressure and speed of the water flowing through the river and also it prevents flooding from happening. Dam’s are also used to generate

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    Volta And Galvani

    1012 words, 5 pages

    At the end of the 18th century, the rising tide of the French revolution was deeply changing the shape and structure of the European countries. At the same time, a long lasting scientific debate between two Italian scientists, Alessandro Volta of the University of Pavia and Luigi Galvani of the University of Bologna, was deeply changing what we now call physiology, physics and biology. The two series of events had some intersections, and what results is a wonderful story. In 1786, Luigi Galvani, an Italian professor of medicine, conducted a series of experiments with a

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    Ecn 220

    1008 words, 5 pages

    ECN130 Chapter4. Economic Efficiency, Government price setting and Taxes Tutor: Hashem Hashemi-Toroghi Name: Hong Yul Choi 4.1 Consumer surplus and Producer surplus Consumer surplus is the difference between the highest price a consumer is willing to pay and the price the consumer actually pays. Producer surplus is the difference between the lowest price a firm would be willing to accept and the price it ac

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    North Sulawesi The Promised Land Of Renewable Energy

    1242 words, 5 pages

    North Sulawesi Province is part of Indonesia located on the tip of Sulawesi island and composed of, besides the main land of Sulawesi island, over 600 islands spreading along equator to the northern latitude with 15.364 km square of area. In 2010, about 2.2 million people inhabit this area and most of the population living in the main land of Sulawesi island. This province is well known with the agricultural products such as coconut, clove and nutmeg and marine fishing products. In last ten years, the economy growth of this province reached higher than the national economy growth. This, obvio

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    Solar Energy

    1257 words, 6 pages

    Solar cells today are mostly made of silicon, one of the most common elements on Earth. The crystalline silicon solar cell was one of the first types to be developed and it is still the most common type in use today. They do not pollute the atmosphere and they leave behind no harmful waste products. Photovoltaic cells work effectively even in cloudy weather and unlike solar heaters, are more efficient at low temperatures. They do their job silently and there are no moving parts to wear out. It is no wonder that one marvels on how such a device would function. To und

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    Energy: How Work Gets Done

    1507 words, 7 pages

    Kaplan University Unit 4 – Energy: How Work Gets Done From the smallest cells in our bodies to the farthest depths of the universe energy is being created everywhere. We are constantly surrounded by it in many different forms. Understanding types of energy, its sources, advantages and disadvantages, the role it plays in our lives and conservation of it is important because energy is the basis of life as we know it. Currently, I rely on several different forms of energy in my day to day life. Some of the basic types of energy I encounter and use are kinetic, thermal/heat, potential,

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    Physics

    1752 words, 8 pages

    Higher Colleges of Technology Physics II Course PHY1203 Learning Outcome 3 and 4 Chapters 29 and 30 [email protected]_2-11 Page 1 Magnetism History Ancient people learned about magnetism from lodestones, naturally magnetized pieces of iron ore. They are naturally created magnets, which attract pieces of iron. The word magnet, in Greek, meant "stone from Magnesia"; a part of ancient Greece, where lodestones were found. Lodestones gave the birth to magnetic compasses. The earliest known surviving descriptions of magnets and their properties are from Greece, India, and C

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    Electrical Power Generation And Distribution On Board A Ship

    1767 words, 8 pages

    Electrical plant on board the ship comprises of power generation, distribution system and many power utilizing devices. Electricity supply on cargo ship is very important for the safety of the ship and machinery operation, and standby power plant is also important to supply the ship in an even of emergency. In this assay I will be explaining on how electricity will be generated and distributed on a Maersk cargos vessel operating at 6.6kv for 25,000tonnes dwt that is by large diesel driven generator. POWER GENERATION Power is generated on a cargo ship by the uses of prime mover and alternat

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    P-n Junction Diode

    1774 words, 8 pages

    A p–n junction is a boundary or interface between two types of semiconductor material, p-type and n-type, inside a single crystal of semiconductor. It is created by doping, for example by ion implantation, diffusion of dopants, or by epitaxy (growing a layer of crystal doped with one type of dopant on top of a layer of crystal doped with another type of dopant). If two separate pieces of material were used, this would introduce a grain boundary between the semiconductors that severely inhibits its utility by scattering the electrons and holes. p–n junctions are elementary "building blocks" of

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    Southern California Edison Financial Analysis

    1778 words, 8 pages

    HISTORY Since the invention of the incandescent electric light bulb by Thomas Alva Edison in 1879, there has been an insatiable desire for electricity. Southern California Edison (SCE) has been helping to fulfill this desire for more than 100 years. SCE has been leading the way in electricity, with roots that lie in Southern California since the 1880s, when various small companies began experimenting with power generation and transmission. It wasn’t until 1894 that the Los Angeles Edison Electric Company was created. Pioneers and people of vision led California into the new 20th century.

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    Thermopower Study Of Gan-based Materials For Next-generation Thermoelectric Devices And Applications

    1781 words, 8 pages

    INTRODUCTION GaN-based devices are well established in electronic and optoelectronic applications for example ,InGaN with 20% In has already been demonstrated as a potentially suitable solar cell device. Recent efforts have been focused on exploring the material characteristics of GaN and its alloys for thermoelectric applications, since they demonstrate excellent and robust electrical and optical transport properties across a wide temperature range,for example, Pantha et al. reported an In0.36Ga0.64N alloy with a ZT value similar to that of SiGe at roomtemperature. Theoretical study shows th

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    Happy And Sad Balls Lab

    2447 words, 10 pages

    Every material has a unique set of properties that makes it different from others, whether it be shape, size, elasticity, or the way it reacts to various forces. The “Happy and Sad Balls” lab that I conducted was designed to investigate the properties of two rubber balls. The materials used in the lab include two rubber balls of similar mass and size, a ruler, several sheets of paper to help measure, and a smooth hard surface (in this case my bedroom tile floor). Upon opening the pouch which contained the balls, the two balls fell to the ground and I made a very interesting observation. The tw

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    Power Line Communication

    2602 words, 11 pages

    ABSTRACT: Power line communication (PLC) presents an interesting and economical solution for Automatic Meter Reading (AMR). If an AMR system via PLC is set in a power delivery system, a detection system for illegal electricity usage may be easily added in the existing PLC network. In the detection system, the second digitally energy meter chip is used and the value of energy is stored. The recorded energy is compared with the value at the main kilo Watt-hour meter. In the case of the difference between two recorded energy data, an error signal is generated and transm

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    Benjamin Franklin

    2103 words, 9 pages

    Benjamin Franklin was, in my opinion one of the greatest men in our time. Not only was he a founding father, but he was also a great man of philosophy. Without him we may not have even succeeded in the Revolutionary War. So in this report, I will be talking about him as a person, his achievements, and his philosophies and genius. Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author and printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, h

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