English As A Second Language Papers

  • Culture In Studying English

    1836 words, 8 pages

    Abstract Language is not only the product of culture, but also the symbol of culture; therefore, learning a language also means learning a culture. For many English speaking countries, especially in Europe and North America, cultural factors are intensively concentrated on learning English by curricula designers. This study focuses on the frequency of accessing culture knowledge of English speaking countries (especially Britain and the US) in studying English inside class of second-year students in English Department of Hanoi University through authentic activities l

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    Jamaican Creole Origins

    1645 words, 7 pages

    Despite the fact that most people believe that English is the most widely spoken language in Jamaica, this would actually false. Though usually considered more informal and less prestigious than Standard English, Jamaican Creole (JC), called Jamaican Patois by its speakers, is a language spoken in Jamaica by over four million people (Patrick 1). Because Jamaica was colonized by the English during the slave trade, many slaves had to learn English informally in order to communicate, thus forming a new pidgin language which eventually was creolized and became the Jamaican Creole. Thus, Jamaica

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    Fight For Our National Language

    1815 words, 8 pages

    The Fight For Our National Language It is almost normal today to see directions, instructions, and signs printed in English and Spanish, and even sometimes French. Today, when one wants to buy an American flag, they will now find on the front of the package “U.S. Flag,” and “Bandera de EE. UU.” written on the back of the package. This is becoming a problem across America, it is showing immigrants and foreigners that it is alright to speak their own language and not worrying about learning English. When entering a foreign country, it is often hard to understand one word said due to the fac

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    The Problems Of Learning English In Indonesia

    1040 words, 5 pages

    The Problems of Learning English in Indonesia Nowdays, English has become an international language. English has been used by many countries in the world and in many aspecsts, such as economics, politics, health, technology, and education. English is also used in international events, such as seminar, public discussion, conference, and treaty. Although English is commonly used in the world, however, especially in Indonesia , English is still used rarely in society. For example, English is only used in the school while English subject is being learned, moreover, English

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    Literacy And Comprehension

    1452 words, 6 pages

    Promoting Literacy and Comprehension The ways of traditional teaching are a thing of the past. In today’s classrooms teachers are working hard to find new and exciting ways to engage the students, promote learning, comprehension and writing. However, even with the stimulating activities and lessons students will continue to ask the same question, “Why do I have to learn this? When will this ever be a part of real life?” Teachers must be prepared to explain to their students exactly how math, reading, science, and history will all be a used outside of a classroom setti

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    Bilingual Education

    2409 words, 10 pages

    Bilingual Education: Pros and Cons Jenny Formentin “Bilingual Education was to be a form of atonement for the nations sins against Hispanics, and a means of easing Americas “guilt”…The ethnic politician has a high stake in bilingual education: By it, students are molded into an ethnically conscious constituency. Pride in their heritage and language, and an allegiance to their roots rather than their country, helps diminish a sense of Americanism…” R.E. “Rusty” Butler, aide to Former Senator Steve Symms, 1985 monograph, “On Creating a Hispanic Ameri

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    Modes Of Teaching

    1358 words, 6 pages

    "Direct Teaching" is a structured approach to teaching which involves a high level of interactivity. It is not seen as the single best model, but one of several approaches. This paper complements other parts of the Learning and Teaching Toolkit which deal with other approaches, such as independent learning. The term “Direct Teaching” can also be used in a looser way to describe a teaching style which is strongly teacher-directed and involves ‘direct’ communication with a pupil, group of pupils or class. In the late 1990s, HMI in Scotland began to re-emphasise the

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    Clil An Approach For The Future

    3074 words, 13 pages

    CONTENT & LANGUAGE INTEGRATED LEARNING CLIL: AN APPROACH FOR THE FUTURE? “The future doesn’t just happen; it is shaped and modelled by our actions.” – David Marsh Index I. Introduction I.1. An Analysis of CLIL I.2. Present Local Reality in Canary Schools I.3. International CLIL Situation: English in Front II. CLIL: Addressing Basic Concerns II.1. Assessment II.2. Materials II.3. Language Teacher or Subject Teacher II.4. Classroom Language / Communication II.5. Code-Switching II.6. Swain’s Output Hypoth

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    Classroom Management

    7032 words, 29 pages

    SUBJECT ASSIGNMENT: CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT Group: 30 Members: Name and surname (s): María de los Angeles Bortagaray Kerem Priscila Bustos Muñoz Luisa Fabiola Cabello Rojas Log in: ARFPMTFL941729 CHFPMLAEILE683953 PEFPMLAEILE930281 Date: 2nd October, 2011 *Note: The group contacted member nº

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    The Role Of Formal Grammar Teaching On

    4583 words, 19 pages

    Second Language Acquisition: A Review of Research and on Views By: Zifirdaus Adnan, Asian Studies Program Murdoch University, Perth   A b s t r a c t   This paper is a review of views and research into the role of formal grammar teaching in second language acquisition (SLA). It shows that research findings concerning formal grammar teaching (formfocused instruction, instruction) have provided us with considerably strong evidence that this type of instruction can help acquisition, e.g. in accelerating it, in raising consciousness, and in increasing accuracy. Experts outside SLA study h

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    1696 words, 7 pages

    ASSIGNMENT TWO E303 COURSE Rachel Campbell April 2011 Step 1. 1A i)Firstly in order to run these searches I had to load up the Corpus File by clicking on ‘File,’ choosing the option ‘Load Corpus Files,’ but as this did not give me the correct amount of files or words I had to unload the files. Then I was required to go back to the ‘File’ tab and tick ‘Count Words While Loading’ and then reload the Corpus Files by choosing the ‘File’ option then ‘Load Corpus Files.’ This then correctly loaded the data and gave me 4,178,696 words in 182 files. In addition, I had to s

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    Second Language Acquisition

    2411 words, 10 pages

    Reflective Essay on Second Language Acquisition Learning a second language is rapidly becoming more popular and a widely recognised skill. The purpose of this essay is to look into theories of second language learning and a reflection of my journey to become bilingual. In the first part of this essay, Skinner’s Operant Conditioning Theory will be introduced briefly. The second part will comprise of the first three of Krashen’s five Second Language Acquisition Hypotheses and an insight into how my experiences relate to them. The fourth section of this essay relates to

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    1158 words, 5 pages

    As the world becomes increasingly more global, people more and more are learning other languages to which they are not native to. They are becoming multilingual and moving to the country to which the language they are interested in learning. David Sedaris is such a person; in his essay “Me Talk Pretty One Day” he wanted to be more fluent in French so he moved to Paris. Even though he had a difficult time learning the language that he thought he knew a lot about, when he took it in New York City. Even though his teacher was ruthless when it came to criticizing his French, he did not give up and

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    Intrinsic Motivation

    1748 words, 7 pages

    Education has been at the essence of humanity since ancient times. Although teaching methodology has undergone drastic changes over time, motivation has, whether overtly or discreetly, always been a key factor in educational success. The Roman educator Quintilian defined the role of an educator as the intent to find specific, interesting, ways to encourage students to use their intelligence and to help them to learn. This Roman definition has a strong connection to the modern idea of intrinsic motivation: intrinsically motivated people experience enjoyment in the

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    How Young Learners Learn And Acquire Their First And Second Language

    3922 words, 16 pages

    The understanding of how young learners learn and acquire their first and second language is interesting to examine to shed light on how language research can contribute to furthering and enhancing the education of these students, particularly with regard to acquiring a new language Research indicates that younger students do not only acquire a second language at a faster rate but also score higher on standardized tests and surpass their peers in terms of achievement in English vocabulary. Young learners who acquire a second language at an early age are also better problem solvers and more o

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    Films As Teaching Tools

    2034 words, 9 pages

    This paper focuses on the importance of using films as an effective method in the teaching-learning process and it explains both the main language skills that may be developed by watching movies and the strategies that are employed in using films as an educational material. As Connell et al. (1996:10) argued: ‘no generation has a bigger media history because no previous generation has had access to so many different kinds of media and such a range of media products.’[1] So, the knowledge that students have in this area should not be ignored and media (films) should be used as a teaching mat

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    Foreign Language Classes

    1004 words, 5 pages

    The issue is whether or not courses in a foreign language should be a requirement in public schools. Some believe the idea is ridiculous, while others believe it is a progressive move toward 21st century education. Although some people believe the entire world should speak English, the reality is that all Americans should at least have some form of formal education in a foreign language if they hope to succeed in today's economy. Foreign language skills have a very positive impact on race relations in America. The number of minorities in America is increasing more

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    Multicultural Education

    999 words, 4 pages

    ECME 2206 Personally, my thoughts about a multicultural perspective are a form to work, live, and socialize with people from different cultures without prejudice, stereotyping or racism. It is about the appreciation and understanding through comprehending others people’s while culture recognizing one’s own culture too, valuing its uniqueness as well as that of others. It is taking the time to know about the other’s cultures and try to learn something from them. Teachers working with a multicultural perspective have to get involved on the roots of each student to be able to understand him.

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    Love Hoarder Loving Ownership In Beloved

    1000 words, 4 pages

    A love hoarder, those are two words not usually placed next to each other. Those two words describe Sethe perfectly and the way she deals with her relationship with her daughter. She wants to love and be loved by her. This may be a normal thing to yearn to be loved and to love, but it isn’t when it becomes so important that it controls their life. Two important characters in Toni Morrison’s Beloved are Sethe and Beloved. This text displays ambiguity through the character Beloved. It is unclear how she came to be, the attachments that tie her down through choice or by obedience, and the

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    Errors Or Mistakes In English

    1008 words, 5 pages

    Some of errors in learning English are: - Spelling - preposition - Capitalization - Singular and plurals - Grammar - run-on - Tense verb - wrong word - Punctuation - organization Sentence outline There are many types of errors or mistakes in learning English. Among the errors I tried to def

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    Approaches To Language

    1012 words, 5 pages

    APPROACHES TO LANGUAGE. SECTION A. 1. Work out for Il generalization that might account for the forms in boldface. Give your reason for postulating this generalization. As the result of analyzing the nine sentences, I would say that considering their native language (mixed) could be the reason why they transfer linguistic elements from language 1 to language 2 without paying attention if those elements are transferable or not from L1 to L2. Learners show an extensive use of grammatical forms of the L2 in such situations where they are not applied. For exampl

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    Bilingual Education

    1251 words, 6 pages

    Bilingual education involves teaching academic content in two languages, in a native and secondary language with varying amounts of each language used in accordance with the program model. (Thomas & Collier, 1997) and (Lindholm-Leary, 2000) The following are several different types of bilingual education program models: • Transitional Bilingual Education. This involves education in a child's native language, typically for no more than three years, to ensure that students do not fall behind in content areas like math, science, and social studies while they are learning English. The goal is

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    Second Language Aquisition

    1255 words, 6 pages

    Lesson Plan and Guidance for the debate Many are the views connected to the idea of negotiation of meanings in SLA. One focuses on the devices used to negotiate that meaning, such as comprehension checks, confirmation checks, and clarification requests, among others. A second view highlights the idea of being sure that mutual understanding is occurring. The last one aims at realizing that this concept involves entering an exchange with all our cultural background, what forces to constantly check if the meaning expressed is being shared. So important a concept i

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    Ethnicity Affects On Speaking

    1257 words, 6 pages

    In America today, families with foreign backgrounds are suffering greatly in our English speaking society because they don’t speak America’s public language. Children in these types of families have trouble speaking in school because English is foreign to them. A student’s ability to speak in an academic environment can be affected by several different factors. Characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, and personality can cause students to be shy and unsuccessful in an academic environment. These characteristics can extremely impinge on a person’s ability to speak in school because they ta

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    1266 words, 6 pages

    A Comparative study Between English and Chinese Grammar 1. Introduction 1.1 Background of the study 1.2 Research question 1.3 Research objective 1.4 Scope of the study 1.5 Limitations of the study 1.6 Definition of the terms 1.7 Significance of the study 2. Research Methodology 2.1 Research design 2.2 Population and samples 2.3 Research instruments 2.4 Data collection 2.5 Data analysis 1. Introduction 1.1 Background of the study For a long time, studies and le

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    Motivating Online Learners

    1260 words, 6 pages

    This article is Part 2 in a series outlining factors that influence the success of online learners. Everyone understands how to learn in a traditional classroom environment. We’ve been doing it all of our lives. Online learning has introduced a new learning culture—one that takes time with which to become familiar. Organizations use a great deal of resources planning for and investing in technologies, but often forget about the culture change involved with this new learning environment. In order for online learning to be successful, developers need to create environments in which people can

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    Ati Teacher Training

    1504 words, 7 pages

    1. Match the following: a) Sensori-motor stage b) Concrete –operational stage c) Pre- operational stage d) Jacques Mehler e) Jean Piaget | a) Swiss psychologist b) from birth to 24 months c) from 2-7years d) from 7 – 11 years e) cognitive neuroscientist | Answers:  a) Sensori-motor stage b) from birth to 24 months b) Concrete –operational stage d) from 7 – 11 years c) Pre- operational stage c) from 2-7years d) Jacques Mehler e) cognitive neuroscientist e) Jean Piaget a) Swiss ps

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    Alignment Of Academic Standards With Ell Proficiency Standards

    1493 words, 6 pages

    ESL 223N The population of English language learner(ELL) students in schools has grown tremendously over the past few years, with statistics indicating that 20% of the school-age population in America is coming from homes where a language other than English is used. It makes it critical that the components necessary to decrease the language barriers, which can negatively affect students’daily performance, be analyzed and modified. To face this increase in ELL students and their need to recognize their educational needs, the United states Department of education required that all states dev

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    Stephen Krashen's Theory Of Second Language Acquisition

    1513 words, 7 pages

    Krashen explains his theory through five hypotheses which are discussed below in an integrated manner. The hypotheses that are used to explain this theory are: learning hypothesis, the monitoring hypothesis, natural order hypothesis, input hypothesis and affective filter hypothesis. According to the first hypothesis, Krashen (1982) argues that the acquisition of a second language is developed in two modes which are claimed to be independent of each other. Under this hypothesis, krashen shows how the learning process takes place as subconscious process and goes further to tie the second hypothe

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    Pragmatic Failure

    1743 words, 7 pages

    Pragmatic failure is the inability to understand what is meant by what is said. It refers to the errors in our speech communication because of failing to accomplish a perfect communicative effect. In 1983, a British linguist Thomas came up with the pragmatic failure. In his opinion, pragmatic failure is not simply the wrong use of language, namely, grammatical mistakes, occurred in common usage, using words or making sentences but it refers to inappropriate speaking, improper manner of speaking and expressions not conforming to the custom, which results in not being able to achieve the exp

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    Case Study: Qualities Of A Good Teacher

    1753 words, 8 pages

    1. Confidence. Belief in ourselves despite setbacks. Teachers encounter situations all the time that could be considered setbacks. Kids can be cruel, to each other and to teachers. They can have attitudes, especially teenagers. I’ve had teachers to were obviously nervous when they taught. Others were shy and only half committed to their subject. But the best teachers laughed off their mistakes: chalk breaking, books dropped, TVs not working. Where some teachers were flustered, the good teachers shrugged and went on about the lesson, sometimes even joking about the mess up. These teachers knew

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    Learner Centered Approach And Quality Of Education In South Africa

    1766 words, 8 pages

    Learner centered pedagogy is the key to improving the quality of education in South Africa in order for this to be effective concepts like democracy, culture, and social justice must be guaranteed in the classroom. The following essay aims to discuss learner centered pedagogy; the five different learner centered teaching approaches which are collaborative team learning, problem based learning, inquiry/discovery, role-play, active learning, and how these approaches can be used to further the cause of democracy, culture, and social justice in the classroom and the South African society in genera

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    Multiple Intelligences

    1754 words, 8 pages

    MSED 615 Howard Gardner redefined intelligence by introducing Eight Multiple Intelligences that have made teachers and parents see children as individual learners. Multiple Intelligences differs from learning styles because “the concept of style designates a general approach that an individual can apply equally to every content. In contrast, Multiple Intelligeces is a capacity with its component processes that geared to a specific content in the word (such as musical sounds)”-(Gardner, 1995 p.202-203) I understood what and how multiple intelligences functioned when I was asked by a professo

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    Stroop Effect Study On Bilinguals

    2935 words, 12 pages

    Comparison of Stroop Effect on Turkish and English Bilinguals and the Effect of Proficiency Level on English Abstract People identify the color of a word faster if the word color is congruent with the ink color, than if the color is incongruent with the ink color. This is called Stroop Effect. In the present study the aim was to find whether language, which was used in order to express the word, affects the reaction time and whether the interference level increases in relation with the proficiency level in a language. Therefore stroop effect on Turkish-English bilinguals with Turkish as a do

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