Linguistics Papers

  • Diversity Within English

    1598 words, 7 pages

    In order to understand how language variation descriptors are used, we first must understand what language variation is. We can say that the U.S. is linguistically diverse because of the multitude of languages spoken here, but we can also find diversity within these languages. All languages have both dialectical variations and registral variations. These variations, or dialects, can differ in lexicon, phonology, and/or syntax from the Standard Language that we often think of as ?correct¹ Language, although they are not necessarily less proper than,

    View Document »

    You Just Don T Understand

    1721 words, 7 pages

    Tannen?s book, "You Just Don?t Understand," explains heterogeneous facts about men and women?s communication styles. Tannen says these gender differences are sorted out, men and women can recognize and understand how to confront real conflicts, rather than fighting styles. When men and women learn to accept the opposite sex?s conversational styles, they can learn to understand a shared language?where there is symmetry and negotiation of conflicts. It is important to recognize that these linguistic differences between men and women do not stem solely from what Tannen describes as "c

    View Document »

    Mediatiion Of Central Metaphors In Narrative Discourse

    3522 words, 15 pages

    To set out from the logical starting-point would require a foregrounding of the employed definition of the narrative from among all the various and discrepant definitions suggested for it. As H. Porter Abbot points out, the number of the events or actions and the necessity of a narrator are points of deviation. In that, some scholars raise the essentiality of the presence of at least two events or actions related causally for there to be a narrative. Furthermore, there is this camp of scholars who highlight the role of the narrator(s) as the inextricably constructive constituent(s) of

    View Document »

    Relationship Between The Translator And The Client

    3458 words, 14 pages

    THE TRANSLATOR - CLIENT RELATIONSHIP IN THE TRANSLATION PROCESS RADU SIMONA LMA, ANUL II, EN-FR CONTENTS 1. Introduction 3 2. General information on the translation process 3 2.1. Short history 4 2.2 What is translation? 4 3. The translation process and its participants 5 3.1 Stages of the translation process 5 3.2 The role of the translator 6 3.3 The competence of the translator 7 3.3.1 Process competences 7 3.3.2. Product competences 7 3.4 The role of the client 8 3.5 The responsibility of the translator 8 3.6 The responsibility of the client

    View Document »

    Formal Aspects In Verse Translation From A Functionalist Approach

    4138 words, 17 pages

    1. Introduction This project essay seeks to analyse, from a functionalist approach, the role that form plays in verse translation, reviving old dichotomies such as the opposition between form and content. According to functionalist theories, Skopostheorie being the most significant representation of modern functionalism, the process of translation is marked by both prospective and retrospective aspects. Prospective aspects are response-related and focus on the purpose for which the translation has been created, therefore concentrating on the profile of the target rea

    View Document »

    Comparative Analysis Of Spanish And English

    1518 words, 7 pages

    Comparative Analysis of Spanish and English When individuals attempt to obtain proficiency in a foreign language several linguistic categories impose as an obstacle during the process. As a native Spanish speaker I had to overcome several obstacles while trying to acquire English as a second language (L2). While trying to adjust to such differences, they were reflected in the interlanguage grammar (IL) I had acquired. I have listed the most impacting differences between these two languages and categorized them into Semantics, Syntax, Morphology and Phonetics. Syntax and Semantics The sy

    View Document »

    How Can The Text-linguistic Theory Solve The Translation Problems

    8252 words, 34 pages

    Introduction Until nowadays many theories were born in the subject of translation, therefore this paper intends to answer one of the questions related to these theories: How can the text-linguistic approach solve the translation problems? This paper presents many examples which are annexed at the end of the work. For the writing of my paper I used the book of Katharina Reiss and of Neubert and Shreve, and many of my examples were told us in the Contemporary English Classes and in the Theory and Technique of Translation Classes. This work is separated into two parts: the first part presen

    View Document »

    Urdu Vs English Compare And Contrast

    1037 words, 5 pages

    Compare and Contrast Urdu vs. (English) Language is an organized communication by vocal symbols. It is considered to be an entirely human mode of communication. English and Urdu are two languages that originated from the same family of language but contain many differences. English is spoken in America and other countries throughout the world, while Urdu is an official language of Pakistan. English belongs to the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European language. It's spoken by about 470 million people around the world. It i

    View Document »

    Semiotic Analysis Of The Conversation Between Nora And Mrs Linde In The Middle Of The First Act Of A Doll S House

    1328 words, 6 pages

    David Thacker’s A Doll’s House stars Juliet Stevenson as Nora and Geraldine James as Mrs Linde. This semiotic analysis will look at the scene above and discuss the overall impact the actors, stage visuals, music and the use of the text create. The setting for this scene is very similar to the description given in Michael Meyer’s translation of the play. The lighting is simple and used to represent the time of day and the stove around which Mrs Linde and Nora talk is lined with tiles in front of which there is an armchair and a rocking chair. Thacker however does make some changes; Nora and Mr

    View Document »

    How A Different Environment Relates To Identity And Hence Limits Ones Ability To Properly Communicate

    1339 words, 6 pages

    Travelers in different environments often come across different degrees of misunderstanding. One of the possible reasons to account for this phenomenon is the reinforced sense of identity, which consequently limits one’s ability to properly communicate with the others. In this essay, we are looking at “Interpreter of Maladies” and “Picket Pocketoni”, written by Lahari and Sedaris respectively, to analyze how identities, environments and communications are related to each other. Different environment gives people wrong perception about their identities, and on the other hand, limits one’s abili

    View Document »

    On Ideological Manipulation Of Translation

    2623 words, 11 pages

    On Ideological Manipulation of Translation in the Movie Mulan I. Introduction Ideology is a major element of patronage in controlling translation. By determining the idealistic framework of individual translators and the target community, ideology plays a leading role in the influence of the way in which translators as well as readers comprehend the text. André Lefevere has fully developed this point, known as an important argument of Manipulation School, in his book Translation, Rewriting and the Manipulation of Literary Fame. Lefevere focuses particularly on the examination of ‘very con

    View Document »

    A Word And Its Parts

    5385 words, 22 pages

    (Seminar paper) A WORD AND ITS PARTS English vocabulary is not an unchanging list of words, because new words enter the language every day, and words cease to be used. There are two types of new words: borrowing and word-creations. In fields of higher learning, like the life sciences, physical sciences, medicine, law, and the social sciences, English has usually borrowed words from other languages. We may borrow a word as a whole, or just its central parts (the roots). We have borrowed mainly from Latin, Greek, and French. In this chapter, we will focus on the patterns of vocabulary inno

    View Document »

    Cohesion In D H Lawrences Sons And Lovers

    4927 words, 20 pages

    Cohesion in D.H. Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers Shyam Ji Dubey Abstract The present study aims at analyzing D.H Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers in terms of cohesive ties. The study not only aims to codify the text in terms of cohesive categories but also to inspect the individual instances of cohesion. It will try to look closely to the actual words and phrases that enter into cohesive ties and see what pattern of texture then emerges. The analysis will not, in general, add anything new to the interpretation of the text but it will try to show why certain elements of the nove

    View Document »

    Cross Cultural Application Of Psychological Assess

    2965 words, 12 pages

    Cross-cultural application of psychological assessment measures The development of a psychological measure is time consuming and people-intensive process. We will look at how assessment has evolved, appreciate the factors that have shaped psychological assessment in South Africa and understand why a fair assessment is still valued in South Africa. The development of modern psychological assessment Psychology only started to grow and prosper as a science since the development of the scientific method. In 1936 Guilford stated that psychologists have adopted a m

    View Document »

    Importance Of English

    1226 words, 5 pages

    A language is a systematic means of communication by the use of sounds or conventional symbols. It is the code we all use to express ourselves and communicate to others. It is a communication by word of mouth. It is the mental faculty or power of vocal communication. It is a system for communicating ideas and feelings using sounds, gestures, signs or marks. Any means of communicating ideas, specifically, human speech, the expression of ideas by the voice and sounds articulated by the organs of the throat and mouth is a language. This is a system for communication. A lan

    View Document »

    Language Policy In East Timor

    1470 words, 6 pages

    The linguistic situation in East Timor is a fluid one that demonstrates a range of cultural, linguistic and generational conundrums, and these are being played out on a daily basis. The complexity of the language situation (which was incredibly diverse even before the 1600’s) has been exacerbated by recent colonial and political history. The decision to make Portuguese and Tetum, the Official Languages, and Indonesian and English the Working languages of East Timor was deeply linked to the history and politics in the country (Hendriks 2011). After Independence in 1999, politicians had the di

    View Document »


    4165 words, 17 pages

    Suite for Ebony and Phonics To James Baldwin, writing in 1979, it was "this passion, this skill, ... this incredible music." Toni Morrison, two years later, was impressed by its "five present tenses," and felt that "The worst of all possible things that could happen would be to lose that language." What these African American novelists were talking about was Ebonics, the vernacular or informal speech of many African Americans, which rocketed to public attention after the Oakland School Board approved a resolution in December 1996 recognizing it as the primary languag

    View Document »


    1768 words, 8 pages

    As a cross-discipline, psycholinguistics is the language of the mental process of exploration. With other branches of linguistics, both links are different. In theory, linguistics, psycholinguistics reliance on the various schools to the various linguistic theory, can provide factual evidence for these theories, to promote their sound; from the method of speaking, commonly used in psycholinguistic research methods can be used for general linguistics, linguistic research which will build on a more scientific basis. General linguistics and psycholinguistics biggest differ

    View Document »

    English Is Sustainable As An International Language

    2493 words, 10 pages

    Introduction In our everyday communication, no language can replace our own native language. However, the world has become so different from former times and has become much smaller and closer, as a globalised world. As the world becomes smaller and people of the world become closer, there are a growing number of encounters between peoples of different countries. In this global world, people essentially need an international communication tool. If there is no international communication tool, it is certain that more communication problems will arise between people. Because modern technology i

    View Document »

    Second Language Acquisition

    6013 words, 25 pages

    Introduction In today's global economy the demand for language skills continues to grow as governments, businesses and organizations build relationships with foreign interests. However, learning a new language comes with its own set of problems. Even the brightest of students can find the new language to be difficult and hard to understand. The process by which people learn a second language is referred to as a Second Language Acquisition. Thus, the subject matter of this term paper is second language acquisition (SLA). It consists of two chapters each of w

    View Document »

    Structuralist Discourse In The Works Of Madonna

    1000 words, 4 pages

    Jean T. Pickett Department of Deconstruction, Carnegie-Mellon University Hans I. C. Wilson Department of Future Studies, University of Georgia 1. Narratives of paradigm The main theme of McElwaine’s[1] critique of postconstructive structuralism is the role of the artist as reader. But Derrida uses the term ’structuralist discourse’ to denote not, in fact, discourse, but prediscourse. If preconstructive deappropriation holds, we have to choose between structuralist discourse and Lyotardist narrative. If one examines the cultural paradigm of reality, on

    View Document »

    Language Of Communication

    994 words, 4 pages

    Week 3: Assignment 2 PHI-210 Our ability to communicate is based around language. Every word we speak or write has a meaning and that meaning is interpreted by those we communicate with. Some words and phrases are more direct than others. Some have multiple meanings and some have meanings that are purely figurative as opposed to literal. When communicating with each other it is important to understand how those words are phrases may be interpreted and how it is received. To get a better idea of what figurative language is and how to use it, we will discuss 10

    View Document »

    Difference Between Phonetics And Phonology

    1000 words, 4 pages

    Speech sounds are studies by both phonetics and phonology. What is the difference between the two areas of study? Phonetics and phonology both utilize speech sounds; however there are some differences between the two areas. Phonetics is the study of the physical properties of speech sounds whereas phonology studies how speech sounds are integrated to form words and the impact of these words with respect to grammar and meaning. Speech sounds are the basic elements of any language. Phoneticians study how speech sounds are pronounced (articulatory), how the vocal

    View Document »

    Figurative Language Versus Literal Language

    1002 words, 5 pages

    Assignment 2: Figurative Language versus Literal Language Gyongyi Molnar Professor Sonja Sheffield Strayer University- PHI 210 Literal language is straightforward where the words don’t go beyond their meanings. It’s easy to use and understand. However, if we always used literal language, our writings and conversations would be colorless and boring. Figurative language brings words alive and brightens them with emotions, style, and even humor. Often their meaning is clear, but other times they can be confusing. I speak from experience when I say that it’s especial

    View Document »

    English Education

    1007 words, 5 pages

    Why English is an education? It’s because it’s important! But how many languages that we have in this world? Many of these languages would be classified by some as dialects example languages that have evolved from but are still quite closely related to another. This definition, of course, falls down very rapidly as most Western European languages can trace their roots to Latin but would not normally be described as dialects. Some of the African and Caribbean Patois are still seen as dialects, as was Ulster-Scots until fairly recently when it was recognised as a langua

    View Document »

    Analyzing Text Language

    1011 words, 5 pages

    Netspeak is a form of multi-modal talk which features both elements of spoken and colloquial language. Due to better advancing technology which leads to easier communication, both through the internet and texting, the English language is rapidly evolving forming and with it, colloquial language has spread across the internet. The internet speeds up the process of change in which people adopt new words using it within their speech. I chose to analyse an online conversation between two friends because I thought it would demonstrate how different techniques are used in

    View Document »

    Gilt Internationalization

    1012 words, 5 pages

    GILT - Internationalization, a Right-Brainer Approach If you are a translator, i.e. a member of the GILT crowd, you must know what it is all about In GILT literature, you will encounter the following: G11n, I18n, and L10n. They simply mean Globalization, Internationalization, and Localization respectively, taking the first and last letters of these words with the number of letters tucked in between. This is a way of making these long words short! Of course, you know GILT means Globalization, Internationalization, Localization and Translation The most difficult of th

    View Document »

    Translators Competences

    1009 words, 5 pages

    Assignment: Write a summary of the European Quality Standard for Translation Service Providers EN-15038:2006. Student: Denis Llambro The field of translation plays a crucial role in achieving communication through people of different social groups, ethnicities, countries etc. Nowadays, translation as a profession has a dominant impact in different fields of life. Its influence is spread everywhere like in economy, education, literature, science etc. In order to achieve its quality translation process passes through long procedures each one with its own role and importance. In Europ

    View Document »

    Manual Critique

    1015 words, 5 pages

    For my manual critique, I chose the manual over the Sprint HTC Evo 4g (a cell phone). I chose this product manual because I have had and used this exact model of phone for almost two years and feel comfortable enough to review the manual over it to see if it covers everything possible over the phone. My criteria for grading this manual are readability, cleanliness, navigation, legibility and product detail coverage. Readability I know readability can be a little generic of a term so let me elaborate a little on what I mean by “readability”. By this I mean that the ma

    View Document »

    English As A Global Language

    1253 words, 6 pages

    Language and Literature: Amina Asghar Rationale For this written task I will be interviewing people from different countries around the globe about the use of English in their countries. English language has grown into many branches and dialects like Spanglish, Hinglish etc. There is a growing English Mania around the world. It has emerged as a Global Language in this era. The purpose of this interview is to know more about why and how English spread out in so many countries. Why is English the most widely spoken language in the world now? English has become the

    View Document »

    Social Dysfunctions

    1252 words, 6 pages

    Courtney Hoover Professor Harris Psych 2012 Men, Women, and Communication Men and women may share the same vocabulary to express themselves, but the interpretation of those expressions is entirely different. “Conversations are a fundamental, yet mysterious, part of our lives. Through them we learn to express ourselves as male or female” (Tannen, “Gender” 83). Sociolinguistics is the study of the social aspects of language (O’Grady et al. 728). The linguists focus on a language community linked together by a common social bond such as race, religion, gender,

    View Document »

    Ibsen's A Doll House

    1201 words, 5 pages

    Various critics have commented upon the preponderance of symbols in Henrik Ibsen's Et Dukkehjem; A Doll House. Emblems such as Helmer's Christmas tree, Nora's tarantella, the several doors in the Helmet household, and especially the house itself have, time and again, been duly noted and explicated.[ 1] One symbol, however, has received scant attention: the hide-and-seek game Nora plays with her children near the middle of Act I. Granted, a detailed exegesis of this game initially appears unnecessary, for it quite obviously represents both Nora's occasional childishness and, more significantly,

    View Document »


    1258 words, 6 pages

    After reading the first chapter of Chapman’s (2006) Thinking about language you could probably answer some of these questions: What is linguistics? Is linguistics a science of language? As G. Finch explains in his book, linguistics is the systematic study of language. Some people hold the opinion that it is the science of language what can be misleading. Of course, as we may already know linguists try to adopt a scientific approach towards language by being objective and disinterested. Then, they come up with a method that is called empirical which contains observation

    View Document »

    Solutions For Marital Rape

    1259 words, 6 pages

    Should a husband ever have to rape his wife? No the answer is no! All in all, the Bahamas claims to be a Christian nation thus the bible is the very foundation on which a family is build with that said the bible states that husbands are to submit to wives as wives are to submit to husbands ( King James Version, 1990). So how can a husband rape his wife if there is submission on both ends? Changing the law to include marital rape should not be an option. As a society we need to look at solutions to prevent such offences if there are any, thus a major solution is comp

    View Document »

    Designating An Official Language Of The United States

    1217 words, 5 pages

    Should English be the official language for the United States? Because over the past several decades this subject has tried to gain some momentum. There are many arguments for and against this idea and the end of this paper won’t solve this complex problem but it might provide some interesting points of view and thoughts of persuasion. This topic is plagued with several problems and has many groups divided along social, political, and economical lines. But America should adopt English, as their official language to stronger unify our country, help immigrants assimilate into our culture easie

    View Document »

    Latin Borrowings In Middle English

    1112 words, 5 pages

    1. Contextualization. The middle English period begins with the Norman Conquest and its most notable for its French influence, but Latin words were still being borrowed. It should be noted that many of the borrowed French words were originally derived from Latin words. During this period Latin was also know as the language of the intellectuals and was still being taught in schools, albeit through French. Students, who spoke English at home, were studying Latin via French, and their Latin pronunciation and spelling were probably French. Even if a word was borrowed directly from Latin it would

    View Document »

    Synthesis Paper

    1264 words, 6 pages


    View Document »

    Com 100007 Blog Style Summary

    1266 words, 6 pages

    Australia's "Culture Club" Welcome back to the blog. Today I have decided to focus on concepts of intercultural communication, including enculturation, acculturation, ethnocentrism and cultural relativism. Culture is a complex construct specific to a society and broadly encompasses but is not limited to the knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, law, and customers of the society, as acquired and refined by members of the society. (Wikipedia culture ref) Personally, as an Australian resident with European and Anglo-Celtic heritage, I identify with Western culture and spe

    View Document »

    Lingustics Definition And Origin As A Science

    1251 words, 6 pages

    Linguistics is the science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Linguistics can be broadly broken into three categories or subfields of study: • language form, • language meaning, • language in context. Grammar focuses on the system of rules followed by the speakers or hearers of a language. It encompasses morphology (the formation and composition of words), syntax (the formation and composition of phrases and sentences from these wo

    View Document »

    Human Language

    1502 words, 7 pages

    Possession of human language is associated with a specific type of mental organization, not simply a higher degree of intelligence. There seems to be no substance to the view that human language is simply a more complex instance of something to be found elsewhere in the animal world.” (Chomsky, 1968) As we know, all creatures are capable of communicating, especially with other members of their own species, but according to the evidence that has been gathered so far, only men possess language. Animals are also able to communicate, but they can communicate only a limited range of infor

    View Document »

    To Ban Or Not To Ban Languages Other Than English

    1502 words, 7 pages

    In Dennis Baron’s, Don’t make English Official- Ban it Instead he is insisting that instead of making English the official language of the United States, we should just get rid of it altogether. In his small article he manages to whip up six small arguments to convince the readers of his ludicrous proposal. Rather than actually convincing the readers, his points are unclear, sometimes confusing and unsatisfying. In the end he doesn’t actually set up a solution for his readers, and leaves them with the whole “so what was the point,” feeling. Through his poor perspectives and unfocused essay, I

    View Document »

    Genderlects Theory

    1499 words, 6 pages

    Running head: GENDERLECTS THEORY Genderlect Theory BrianReynolds Genderlect Theory Communication is defined as a process by which we assign and convey meaning in an attempt to create a shared understanding. Nevertheless, there is a lot more to communication than these basic ideas. This process requires a vast repertoire of skills in intrapersonal and interpersonal processing, listening, observing, speaking, questioning, analyzing, and evaluating. Use of these processes is developmental and transfers to all areas of life including: home, school, community,

    View Document »

    The Chrysanthemums

    1526 words, 7 pages

    1. We have a strong foundation to work with. We have a clear and compelling perspective on E’s personality. Let’s pay careful attention to three overall issues in revising: A. Introducing the final two scenes and their significance in E’s growth. B. Developing our analysis of E’s situation in each scene with explanations and evidence. C. Expressing our thoughts with clearer sentences and vocabulary. 2. I make specific suggestions below in the pars concerning the first two issues. After we have paid careful attention to these suggestions, then we’re re

    View Document »

    The Referential Theory In Semantics

    1521 words, 7 pages

    Referential theory may be used to describe a meaning of a statement directly as it appears on a sentence or statement. The meaning of such a statement is laid bare and is direct. Theory has been known to draw interesting sentiments from scholars. The way they are often used is so simplistic that they have become so common many people do not pay attention to it. Few individuals probably students of linguistics may be the ones who can easily spot this phenomenon of language. (Burke, 31) For example, when a person calls a man by his birth name it would then be obvious that the person calling is

    View Document »

    Research On The Translating Profession In Australi

    1734 words, 7 pages

    In the modern time, with the development of Australia’s diverse. The translation and interpreting become booming here. And Australia is one of the leading counties in the establishment and achievement of providing community interpreting and translation services. Phrior to the 1970s there was a perception that interpreting was a translational service for non-English speaking background migrants. the view then was that it did not require any skills other than billngualism. This led to the belief that any migrant who had a good grasp of English and another language could do interpreting. I wi

    View Document »

    A Communication Based Reflective Essay

    1758 words, 8 pages

    This essay is a reflective account of a situation in practice where an aspect of communication played a crucial role in the care given. Reflection is essential for health professionals as it helps to prevent habitual practice and improves quality of care (Crawford, Brown & Bonham, 2006). For the purposes of this essay I am using Gibbs (1998) reflective cycle. I have chosen this model as it ensures that the experience is reflected in a logical order using six distinct stages. A woman self referred from home to delivery suite contracting, after examination the woman was found to be in the la

    View Document »

    Question And Answers For Various Communication Topics

    1752 words, 8 pages

    1.1 Identify the different reasons people communicate. Communication means exchanging of information by using different mediums. (Oxford Dict.) It is a process by which two or more people exchange ideas, facts, feelings or impressions in ways that each gains a common understanding of the message. People communicate to express their emotions like courage or fear, joy or sorrow, satisfaction or disappointment with appropriate gestures and words. People communicate because it allows ideas to be conveyed clearly and briefly. In Health and social care, we need good communication skills to de

    View Document »

    Language And Communication Assignment One

    1768 words, 8 pages

    ASSIGNMENT 1 (worth 15% of overall assessment) Jack Woodward Thompson, N. (2003). Understanding communication: understanding language. In Communication and language: a handbook of theory and practice. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.9-15 and 36-45. Yule, G. (1996). The properties of language. In: The study of language. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 19-29. Finegan, E. (2004). Languages and Linguistics. In: Language: its structure and use, 4th ed. Boston: Thomson Wadsworth, pp.1-12. Ludlow, R.

    View Document »

    Communication And Media Semiotics

    1771 words, 8 pages

    Semiotic signs and components Semiotician Ferdinand de Saussure established three relevant components which together give meaning to a sign. These components are the signifier, the referent and the signified. To establish the type of sign one is exploring, these components, and their relationship to one another, need to be understood. These components can be explained through the following example/sign/word: Cloud. The signifier refers to the physical form of the sign, the word cloud or the letters C-L-O-U-D. “The referent is the object/concept/idea the sign is referring to” (Fourie 2009, p.5

    View Document »

    Social Sciences: Political Science, Linguistics

    1778 words, 8 pages

    SOCIAL SCIENCES Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society. It in turn has many branches, each of which is considered a "social science". The main social sciences include economics, political science, human geography, demography and sociology. In a wider sense, social science also includes among its branches some fields in the humanities such as anthropology, archaeology, history, law and linguistics. The term is also sometimes used t o refer specifically to the field of sociology, the original 's

    View Document »

Show More »

Research help is just moments away!