Philosophy Papers

  • Making Trade Offs

    699 words, 3 pages

    Philosophy 2 Smart’s argument, “someone could be morally obligated to execute an innocent person to prevent something worse”, must be accepted by all utilitarians. Smart’s argument must be accepted by all ultilitarians based on certain principles of utilitarianism, which make it possible for us to make the assumption: all utilitarians believe in consequentialism. Consequentialism in turn is the basis behind Smart’s argument being true. The example Smart refers to is McCloskey’s situation of whether or not a sheriff should kill an innocent man to save hundreds of pe

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    Resevationhop: A Moral Service?

    671 words, 3 pages

    Waiting in line is an extremely frustrating process. Everyday people are forced to waste time waiting for the service they want just because establishments can’t handle the amount of patrons they receive. Some restaurants take this even further by having week long or even month long wait times with reservation. With the service ReservationHop, customers can skip the waiting process by just paying money. Those who value their time over money would enjoy using this service. Even if some may disagree with the service, ReservationHop it a truly useful service that allows people to be more efficien

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    Christian Ethics In A Postmodern World

    7459 words, 30 pages

    CHRISTIAN ETHICS IN A POSTMODERN WORLD The Rise of Postmodernity Since Federico de Onis’s use of the term ‘postmodernismo’ to describe the Spanish and Latin-American poetry of 1905-1914 which had reacted against the ‘excess’ of modernism in 1934, (Rose 1991: 171) “Postmodernism” became very popular. It has been used in the fields of art (Christo-Bakargiev 1987), architecture (Pevsner 1967), literature (Hassan 1971), video, economics, films (James 1991), ideology (Larrain 1994: 90-118), theology (Tilley at al 1995), and philosophy (Griffin et al 1993). In trying to understand ‘postmode

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    Psychological Egoism

    627 words, 3 pages

    Psychological egoism is the view that everyone always acts selfishly. It describes human nature as being wholly self-centered and self-motivated. Psychological egoism is different from ethical egoism in their “direction of fit” to the world. Psychological ego-ism is a factual theory. It aims to fit the world. In the world is not how psychological ego-ism says it is because someone acts unselfishly, then something is wrong with psycho-logical egoism. In my opinion this argument is completely wrong and unsound. According to James Rachel, an author of “Elements of Moral Philosophy,” there two

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    Capitalism, Ethics And The Public Service In The Modern Era

    3111 words, 13 pages

    Canadian public administration in a capitalist world has changed dramatically from its beginnings many years ago. The expectations of public management and public managers in the new millennium are more diverse than ever before. Important issues such as regulatory reform, public sector budgeting, human resources management, strategic policymaking, ethics and corruption are taking a front line. The concepts of rational administration, accountability, planning, control, budgeting and financial management are major factors in the future of Canada and some believe privatization of the government’s

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    Clifford Vs James

    331 words, 2 pages

    In our last class we examined the argument of William Clifford, and William James. In this essay I will simply examine the two opposing sides. Clifford takes the side of Evidentialism. Evidentialism is the standing that for a belief to be knowledge, it must be supported by evidence. According to evidentialism, everyone has a rational and moral duty to believe only those claims that are supported by sufficient evidence. If a belief doesn't fit in with well established scientific beliefs or isn't discovered through normal scientific practices, then it isn't rational and doesn't count as genuine

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    Impossible Is Nothing

    1778 words, 8 pages

    IMPOSSIBLE IS NOTHING In the summer of 2004, in the occasion of Olympic Games in Athens, Adidas, world famous brand in the field of sport clothing has made one of the most inspiring campaigns I have ever seen. With claim “Impossible is nothing” they have placed focus on the values they wanted their products to transmit and represent. This international company adapted itself to a trend that, in an occasion such as Olympic Games are, inevitably, sees in competition not only the athletes but also the brand they wear; it is a battle led through campaigns in various mass media. Focus of my an

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    Spinoza

    1370 words, 6 pages

    John Locke was a 17th-century English philosopher whose ideas formed the foundation of liberal democracy and greatly influenced both the American and French revolutions. His contributions to philosophy include the theory of knowledge known as empiricism, which addressed the limits of what we can understand about the nature of reality. Locke held that our understanding of reality ultimately derives from what we have experienced through the senses. The political implications of his theories included the notions that all people are born equal and that education can free people from the subjugatio

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    Life Boat

    292 words, 2 pages

    The struggles of thirty people engulf the life boat, consuming it, to sink under the pressure of the struggles of life. I make a quick scan of the absolute reality, and realize that I cannot judge, for I am not God, but I must make the decision of whose life comes to an end tonight and who has a second chance and lives on, or we all die in this black pool of fate. I don’t have the right to make this choice! But someone must decide, I the captain, must decide, or it will consume every last one of us! NO SURVIVORS?! I cannot let this happen! The situation in this scenario is so intense, such

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    Legal Concept Work Sheet Mba 560

    858 words, 4 pages

    Legal Concepts Worksheet Concept Application of Concept to the Issue of Downloading Reference to Concept in Reading The Law of Property – Intellectual property law Property is one’s legal right to exclude others from various resources due to the ownership of those resources. With the rise of e-commerce and the increase of music sales or downloads online, the law of property can be applied. Music producers consider their music their property and protect them from public use and public download. The law of property “establishes private exclusive rights in resources. It is through the

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    Instincts

    1416 words, 6 pages

    ? The major premise of Beach’s article is the need to analyze the reasons for the vitality of a concept that has stood the test of time without objectively testing it. The next objective of the article is to evaluate the concept of intuition as it relates to the science of behavior. Beach concerns himself with the problem that behaviorists often just name or label instincts and he cautions what will happen when this phenomenon assumes that no learning is involved in this process. Beach states that from the beginning, instinct has been defined and discussed in terms of its relation to reas

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    Plato Vs. Christianity

    501 words, 3 pages

    Plato and Christianity are views with different ideas of afterlife. They differ in several aspects but both share the belief that the human person is immortal and death is the cessation of bodily functions but one’s soul exists for a time disembodied. Plato believed in immortality and dualism (the idea that humans are composed of two substances, a material substance or body and an immaterial substance or soul). Plato believed that the soul was immortal in both directions, past and future, in which you’ll always exist and believed that humans will survive past their deaths. Plato believed th

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    Ethics

    840 words, 4 pages

    Webster's Collegiate Dictionary defines "ethics" as the "discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation," "a set of moral principles or value" or "a theory or system of moral values." Ethics assists individuals in deciding when an act is moral or immoral, right or wrong. Ethics can be grounded in natural law, religious tenets, parental and family influence, educational experiences, life experiences, and cultural and societal expectations. Ethics in business, or business ethics as it is often called, is the application of the discipline, principles, and theorie

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    External/internal Factors Paper

    491 words, 2 pages

    External/Internal Factors Paper Diversity is one of the most important things at The Home Depot. It is the catalyst for innovative thinking, entrepreneurial spirit and new ways of building our communities. To this end The Home Depot uses creativity, fresh thinking, and the experiences of people from different cultures and beliefs. The Home Depot believes that talent comes in many different forms and they celebrate each and every talent, because every talent is cultivated and is considered to be the foundation of our culture in America. At The Home Depot, the executive management team is r

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    Business Regulation Simulation

    2481 words, 10 pages

    Business Regulation Simulation Alumnia Inc. is a $4 billion dollar company that operates in eight countries around the world with 70% of its sales in the United States. They are located by Lake Dira in the state of Erehwon. Alumnia Inc. business interests are in automotive components and manufacture “packaging materials, bauxite mining, alumina refining and aluminum smelting. Alumuna falls under jurisdiction of region 6” of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (University of Phoenix, 2002). The company was cited by the EPA 5 years ago for a Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) disch

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    Ethical Theories Applied To Enron

    1901 words, 8 pages

    Prescriptive Approaches to Ethics at Enron Enron was a global energy firm that filed for bankruptcy protection in 2001. The firm’s senior managers had engaged in fraud for an extended period through a scheme in which partnerships owned by the managers could receive payment for goods and services never provided to Enron. In addition, the firm’s external auditing firm, Arthur Andersen, was complicit in the fraud by knowingly certifying false financial statements as accurate. Arthur Anderson participated in the fraud because the firm did not want to risk losing lucrative consulting contracts fr

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    Using Relevant Theories And Examples Outline The Arguments For And Against An Organization Adopting An Ethical Approach To Management.

    2553 words, 11 pages

    Using Relevant Theories and Examples outline the arguments for and against an organization adopting an ethical approach to management. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the case for and against an organization adopting an ethical approach. This essay will look into the two sides of the argument in depth using relevant theories, examples and case studies. The first part of this essay will look into why an organization adopting an ethical approach to management could ultimately benefit the firm. The essay will look at various strengths that could be achieved by an organizat

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    Mba500gapanalysisglobalcommunications

    1603 words, 7 pages

    Running head: GAP ANALYSIS: GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS Gap Analysis: Global Communications MBA 500 University of Phoenix Gap Analysis: Global Communications When making decisions in business, questions of ethics, communication, and open minds, should always be considered. However, with so many decisions that are made from day-to-day, there is no surprise that the thought of what is considered ethical, usually ends up taking a back seat in major decisions, and that problems occur when two groups who are attempting to persuade and individual to see it their way will end up closing the

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    Global Finance Environment Paper

    1366 words, 6 pages

    Global Finance Environment Paper FIN/403 May 4, 2008 Globalization refers to the merging of national markets into one huge global marketplace. In today’s market, selling internationally is much easier due to falling barriers in cross-border trade. Now businesses don’t have to be industry giants to operate and succeed in global markets. Although it can be beneficial to offer a standard product that can be used worldwide, significant differences still exist between national markets such as cultural differences, consumer taste differences, product preferences and legal regulations.

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    Whistle-blowing: Enron

    1462 words, 6 pages

    Whistle blowing is an act to disclose an organizational wrongdoing to parties that can take action. Sherron Watkins was the vice president of Enron Corporation that became a whistle blower in 2001. She sent an anonymous memo to Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay regarding the misstatements on the financial report. Enron hired lawyers from Vinson & Elkins to do an investigation on the financial misstatement allegations (Ackman, 2002). According to the memo from the investigations, after Watkins identified herself Lay held a meeting with her to discuss about her concerns regarding her allegations. The m

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    A Comparison

    617 words, 3 pages

    A Comparison of Values In today’s society, having a moral obligation to others is essential when interacting with individuals or growing a successful organization as Kudler Fine Foods. Valuing and respecting individuals creates an environment in which everyone can live and work together in a more harmonious environment. Upon completing the Williams Institute Ethics Awareness Inventory self assessment, reflecting on the results and my own personal values, I believe that Kudler Fine Foods and I possess similar values and moral obligations. As a manager of Kudler Fine Foods my ability to perfo

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    Ethical Delimas

    1655 words, 7 pages

    Ethical Issues Christina Elizabeth Dave Introducing... What is ethical is not always right, and what is right is not always ethical. In a work environment, people will do just about anything to not only keep their jobs, but to go above and beyond the tasks at hand. Ethical Issues arise at the work place, when they are put to the test, the outcome is executed once the person has made a choice in which direction they will go. Whether it is being asked to do a job that is unfamiliar, or invited to a party with clients, when a favor is asked, or even thinking about helping yourself bett

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    Dualism Mind-brain

    5514 words, 23 pages

    Social Sciences and Humanities prof. Coleridge Chris Final essay “Brain vs Mind” [pic] Alessandro Acquaviva E060478 INDEX The Mind-Brain Problem 3 Background of the problem 4 Evaluating the three proposed solutions 6 Weak Dualism 7 Strong Dualism 9 The relevance of Parapsychology 11 Conclusions 12 The Mind-Brain Problem The mind-brain problem raises the question as to whether the mind is no more than the idle side-effect of our brain processes or whether the mind can, in some degree, influence behaviour. Here we rehearse the arguments on both sides

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    Comparison

    573 words, 3 pages

    The American Institution of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) has a section about its code of professional conduct on its website. The categories on this website consist of the introduction, section 50, 90, 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, appendix and index. The introduction has two parts which include composition, applicability and compliance also a section called other guidance which includes the interpretations of Rule of Conduct and ethics rulings. Section 50 consists of principles of professional conduct. This section talks about being a member with the AICPA is voluntary. It is than b

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    Hard Times Theme Analysis

    1128 words, 5 pages

    Hard Times |Theme Analysis | | | | | | | |[pic][pic][pic][pic][pic] | |

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    Corporate Social Responsibilities

    1503 words, 7 pages

    ‘The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has a long and varied history. The evolution of the CSR constructs begins in the 1950s, which marks the modern era of CSR. In the 1990s, CSR continues to serve as a core construct but yields to or is transformed into alternative thematic frameworks.’ (Carroll, 1999) This essay will discuss about corporate social responsibility (CSR), which is one of the key factors face by corporations today, where it become relatively important to employees and stakeholders. This essay will also discuss why stakeholders are giving CSR more attention and

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    Human Resource Ethics

    1701 words, 7 pages

    Over the last few years, there has been a growing interest in cooperate ethical performance. Some reasons for this trend include the increasing lack of confidence regarding corporate activities, the growing emphasis on quality of life issues, a wave of recent cooperate scandals at prominent firms, globalization of organizations and the introduction of a strategic approach. In all of this, HR professionals and in some companies, ethics officers have and continue to play a vital role in ethics for human resource management. Research suggests that successful ethics management depends more on empl

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    Values & Ethics

    859 words, 4 pages

    Professional Values and Ethics Professional Values and Ethics Every individual wishes to be successful in his or her career, but being successful doesn’t come easy. To be successful in the working world, one must learn and perfect the theories of professional ethics and values. Once they are developed, you will learn not only how to better yourself and people around you, but also your personal and professional life. It is important to learn the difference between values and ethics, and how they can affect your everyday life. These skills will be the framework for being successful in your car

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    Chapter Summaries

    9382 words, 38 pages

    ?CHAPTER SUMMARY – CHAPTER 1 – ETHICS IN THE WORLD OF BUSINESS Frequently, the ethically correct course of action is clear, and people in business act accordingly. Exceptions occur when there is uncertainty about ethical obligations in particular situations or when considerations of ethics come into conflict with the practical demands of business. In deciding on an ethical course of action, we can rely to some extent on the rules of right conduct that we employ in everyday life. However, business activity also has some features that might limit the applicability of our ordinary ethical

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    Business Ethics

    917 words, 4 pages

    Do Business Ethics Pay? Ethics for Strategic Planners Ethics has been described as what one does when one thinks no one is watching. “Do business ethics pay? This is a question that some would say is a wrong one. Behaving ethically, they argue, is what you do because it is the right thing to do.” (Welby & More, 2003) In today’s business environment everyone is watching. Newspaper headlines range from accounting scandals to insider stock trading. “Many casual observers could fail to see the connection between strategic planning and ethics. Yet these two concerns are intimately related.”

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    Bus Law-corporate Compliance Plan

    4616 words, 19 pages

    Corporate Compliance Plan: Riordan Manufacturing Corporate governance can be thought of as the overall umbrella of control and direction under which a corporation operates. Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is “a process, effected by an entity's board of directors, management and other personnel, applied in strategy setting and across the enterprise, designed to identify potential events that may affect the entity, and manage risks to be within its risk appetite and to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of entity objectives,” (BusinessDictionary.com, 2008). Ideal manageme

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    Importance Of Ethics In The Workplace

    1836 words, 8 pages

    The Importance of Ethics in the Workplace Ethics, defined by Webster’s Dictionary, is “the discipline dealing with what is good and bad or right and wrong or with moral duty and obligation” (Merriam-Webster, 2002). There are no hard and fast rules that govern ethics, just agreed standards of moral duty and obligation. There are also civil, criminal and family laws, etc., that describe right and wrong for everyone. However, there are occupations where you do not violate the law but violate ethical standards. For example, as an attorney you can violate the ethical standards set by the State Bar

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    Moral Practices With Client

    663 words, 3 pages

    Kitchener established five moral principles that professional counselors should follow when in practice with a client. The autonomy principle can be defined as the counselor allowing the clients the freedom to choose the path taken in the therapeutic process based in their own belief system. According to Corey et al. (2003), the counselor helps develop the growth process by encouraging the client’s interest and welfare. Although the client has the right to engage or disengage in therapy as they choose, the counselor’s role is to explore those choices with the client, pointing out areas that mi

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    Values&ethics

    5167 words, 21 pages

    VALUES AND ETHICS INTRODUCTION Values and ethics are central to any organization; those operating in the national security arena are no exception. What exactly do we mean by values and ethics? Both are extremely broad terms, and we need to focus in on the aspects most relevant for strategic leaders and decision makers. What we will first discuss is the distinctive nature of ethics for public officials; second, the forces which influence the ethical behavior of individuals in organizations; and third, explore the actions strategic leaders can take to build ethical climates in their organi

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    Personal Values

    902 words, 4 pages

    Personal Values The importance of ethics in business has become more apparent throughout the U.S. Corporate scandals, like those of Enron and WorldCom, have attracted global attention to unethical practices and have resulted in a greater concern for, and upholding of, ethical standards (Atchinson, 2004) . According to the Williams Institute Ethics Awareness self-assessment tool, I found that my core belief is mainly inclined towards character; this is the belief that ethics and ethical decision making begins from within. With this tool in mind, I can determine whether or not my values are

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    Management Thoughts

    1272 words, 6 pages

    Douglas McGregor introduced two theories that are still commonly used for motivation and management today. They are Theory X and Theory Y. He was influenced by Dr Abraham Maslow’s Humanistic School of Psychology and based his researches on Dr Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, namely psychological, safety, love, esteem and self actualisation. He saw these two theories (X & Y) as two quite separate attitudes. He was a forerunner for seeing the need of values-based leadership. These’s values are from one’s belief, assumptions about what seems to cause what, and fundamental attitudes. McGregor

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