Open And Closed Book Testing Results Summary

1190 words, 5 pages

Intro Sample...


Back in 2008, there was a study conducted by Pooja K. Agawal, Jeffrey D. Karpicke, Sean H. K. Kang, Henry L. Roediger III and Kathleen B. McDermott from Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, USA. They wanted to examine the testing effect with open- and closed-book testing. They found this topic to be interesting because open-book testing is becoming more and more popular among educators. They wanted to see what the best way was to take a test.

The purpose of the research:
Agawal, Karpicke, Kang, Roediger III and McDermott used two experiments. The purpose of the first experiment was to determine if taking tests benefitted the subjects more than just evaluating what they learned. They focused mainly on the testing effect,... View More »

Body Sample...




The materials used in the study:
The materials used in experiment one were six prose passages, each one being roughly 1000 words long. Each passage covered only one topic such as ‘Arctic Explorer’, ‘Falcon’, ‘Fossils’, ‘Twisters,’ ‘Voyager’, and ‘Wolves.’ After each passage was seven corresponding questions to the topic the subject just read. In experiment two, they used eight passages, six were form the previous experiment plus two new ones called, ‘Earthquakes’ and ‘Santa Fe Trail’. They passages had similar questions after as in experiment one.

The procedures used in the study:
In experiment one, all the subjects read the same six passages in the same order, but they were counterbalanced. There were six different conditions used in this experiment and two sessions. Every condition ended with a closed-book test (session two) they just varied with the condition and session one. The different combinations they took data on was study then take the closed-book test, study then take closed-book test with feedback, study then take open-book test, study and test simultaneously, and a non-studied control group who had no preparation, but still took the second test. The subjects were directed to read the passages, which may or may not be followed by a test, so the subjects did not know what to expect. The study and test sessions were self-paced to keep the atmosphere stress/rush free, eliminating extraneous variables. Experiment two had the same conditions as the first one but added a few extra. They included a study once, in which the subject studies the passage only ...

Read More

Related Essays on Open and Closed Book Testing Results Summary

  • An Obsession

    2950 words, 12 pages

    For many years, accountability and standardized testing has dominated the realm of education. It was thought that accountability would help drive education and boost student performance. Standardized testing is the way they chose to measure this increased student achievement. Placing high target goals, like the goal of 100% proficiency on schools across the nation, is thought to motivate academic excellence. However, studies have shown that the accountability measures being implemented are highly ineffective. While it is true test scores on standardized tests have improved, these scores may no

    View Document »

    Inhumane Times

    1949 words, 8 pages

    Hobbes, the cat, has been under experimentation for most of his life. This is probably the last time that he will ever have to be experimented on again. Because, he probably wont make it through this time. The makers of Herbal Essences are about to force shampoo down his throat to see what happens to its organs. Even if the cat lives through the process, they are going to have to kill it to see which organs it could have damaged. If this was an actual human going through this deadly experiment, people would be in shock. Instead, scientists are testing whether or not swallowing shampoo would af

    View Document »

    Animal Cruelty

    1815 words, 8 pages

    Cruelty Involved in Animal Testing Hobbes, the cat, has been under experimentation for most of his life. This is probably the last time that he will ever have to be experimented on again. Why? Because he is probably not going to make it through this time. The makers of Herbal Essences are about to force shampoo down his throat to see what happens to its organs. Even if the cat lives through the process, they are going to have to kill it to see which organs it could have damaged. If this was an actual human going through this deadly experiment, people would be in shock. Instead, scientists

    View Document »

    Investigating Drug Testing’s Validity:

    2731 words, 11 pages

    In today’s modern society, businesses need to do everything that they can to ensure that they have a stable and productive workforce. One of the most common methods for producing a stable, productive workforce in recent years has been drug testing/screening. Many believe that drug testing is a valid and useful tool available to businesses to promote a workplace culture the business prefers. Others feel that drug testing is a violation of privacy and has no place at a business. Almost everyone knows of someone that has abused drugs before, during, or after work. Not many know of how drug abuse

    View Document »

    Aligning Education Systems

    3962 words, 16 pages

    Since it’s implementation in 2002, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has been intended to boost student achievement and hold schools accountable for students’ progress. This act was met with sweeping support. The business ideals incorporated into the act in the form of accountability were thought to produce achievement in students just like in the business world. However, the act that was passed with flying colors was quickly met with concerns. One of the biggest flaws of NCLB was that it called for 100% proficiency on standardized tests nationwide by all students by the year 2014. The targe

    View Document »

    Special Economic Zones In India

    21349 words, 86 pages

    Introduction to Economic Zones “Export else perish “ these are the words of first Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. India being a continent like country having 30 states, more than 1000 languages and world second largest man power having diversified natural conditions right from Rain Forests of Kerala, Ice Mountains of Himalaya, Runn of Kuch to productive land of Bramahaputra has great potentials of world class export worthy products from various industries like Agriculture, Engineering, Chemicals, Software’s, Gems and Jewellry, Pharmaceuticals, Bio technology and many more.

    View Document »

    When Politics, Profits, And Education Collide

    2708 words, 11 pages

    When Politics, Profits, and Education Collide No Child Left Behind No Child Left Behind What comes to mind when one hears the words “no child left behind?” Perhaps one pictures a family of 12 who left one of the children at the gas station during a restroom break - or a school bus that arrived at the zoo field trip with 35 first-grade students but left with only 34! The thought of leaving a child behind, or of being harmed in any way, is disturbing. The thought of a child being left behind due to the challenges of our education system is also disturbing. Sadly however, when it comes t

    View Document »

    Make Your Home Among Strangers Evaluation

    2157 words, 9 pages

    Common read books have been used for years to provide a community amongst students with one book that all students must read. By doing this, it makes stimulating conversations in class easier, and gives all students at least one thing in common they can talk about. It also encourages kids to read things other than textbooks, and provides books that are thought provoking on a more personal level. NIU’s common read book, Make Your Home Among Strangers, is a great common read book for it uses good organization, has full character development, establishes a take away value, and provides relatable

    View Document »

    Coca Cola Marketing Mix

    9843 words, 40 pages

    Introduction The company under investigation in this study is Tim Hortons, a coffee and fresh-baked goods quick-service restaurant, originating from Canada. As of January 2006, (Annual Report 2005, P.1) Tim Hortons operated 2,597, mostly franchised, stores in Canada and 288 in the US. Tim Hortons boasts a 76% market share in the Canadian coffee and fresh-baked goods sector (Shareholder’s Report 2005, P.6) and “based on sales dollars, Tim Hortons is now almost 25% larger than its closest QSR (quick-service restaurant) competitor in Canada.” (Ibid) Since 1995, Tim Hortons has been owned by th

    View Document »

    Meningitis & Pneumonitis; Cases Presentation

    11998 words, 48 pages

    INTRODUCTION Review of Related Literature Pneumonitis Pneumonitis is a general term that refers to inflammation of lung tissue. It occurs when some irritating substance – solid particles, liquids, gases, radiation or bacteria – cause the tiny air sacs to become inflamed. This can hamper the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the air sacs. Pneumonia is one type of pneumonitis caused by an infection. There are several types of pneumonitis. They include: • Aspiration pneumonitis- occurs when you inhale (aspirate) foreign matter into your lungs. Stomach contents, suc

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!