Are Psychosocial Forms Of Therapy As Effective In The Treatment Of Moderate To Severe Forms Of Depression As Antidepressant Medications

3940 words - 16 pages

Intro Sample...


Depression affects about 7% to 18% of the population at some point in their lives (Bland, 1997) and there is evidence that the overall prevalence of depression is rising despite increased use of antidepressants (Moncrieff & Kirsch, 2005). Several forms of psychosocial therapy have shown to be successful options for treating moderate to severe depression. However, whether psychosocial treatments are as effective as medications has long been debated between the psychiatric and psychological communities. Psychiatrists are traditionally considered to support medication treatments, while clinical psychologists are viewed as advocates of psychotherapy (Eells, 1999). Antidepressant medications are the most common form of treatment for major... View More »

Body Sample...


The value of cognitive-behaviour therapy especially has been reviewed extensively by both psychiatric and psychological journals, and recent studies show it may have significant advantages over antidepressant medications (Tang et al., 2007). Cognitive-behaviour therapy is based on the idea that depression is maintained by an individual’s dysfunctional thinking styles and consequent maladaptive behaviours (Richards & Perri, 2002). There is substantial evidence that cognitive-behaviour therapy is most effective in reducing relapse and recurrence in depression. For example, a study by Hollon et al. (2005) found that patients with moderate to severe depression withdrawn from 12 months of cognitive-behaviour therapy were significantly less likely to relapse than were patients withdrawn from 12 months of medication treatment. This suggests that cognitive-behaviour therapy has an enduring effect that extends beyond the end of treatment (Hollon et al., 2005). Proposed explanations for this enduring effect are that cognitive-behaviour therapy reduces the dysfunctional attitudes or assumptions of the depressed patient (Beck et al., 1983), or that it may change the way they process depression-related material (Teasdale, 2001).
There is increasing evidence that cognitive-behaviour therapy may be equally as effective as pharmacotherapy in treating moderate to severe depression. A comprehensive meta-analysis of the current psychosocial treatments by Antonuccio et al. (1995) concluded that cognitive-behaviour therapy is at least as effective as medication in the treatment of depression, ...

Read More

Related Essays on Are Psychosocial Forms Of Therapy As Effective In The Treatment Of Moderate To Severe Forms Of Depression As Antidepressant Medications

  • Theoretical Apsects Of Family Therapy

    7372 words - 30 pages

    Substance abuse is recognized as a major health and social issue in Australia (Clark, Gospodarevskaya, Harris & Ritter, 2003) with such behaviour being attributed to social difficulties (Jamshid, Hosein & Hadi, 2003; Li, Yang, & Xu, 1998; Luty, 2003) and significant family disruption (Collins & Lapsley, 1999; Jamshid, Hosein & Hadi, 2003). Despite this however, users actually frequently describe close supportive family relationships (Stanton & Shaddish, 1997; Yandoli, Eislerb, Robbins, Mulleady & Dare, 2002). Thus, family therapy is considered an important aspect of the treatment of

    View Document »

    Major Or Acute Depression

    1771 words - 8 pages

    Depression is a psychiatric disorder characterized by a profound and long-lasting sadness or despair. It affects approximately 18 million people in the United States every year and not all of them are old enough to vote. Everyone experiences some unhappiness, often as a result of a change, either in the form of a setback or a loss. The painful feelings that accompany these events are usually appropriate, necessary, and transitory and can even present an opportunity for personal growth. However, when depression persists and impairs daily life, it may be an indication of a depressive disorder

    View Document »

    Art Therapy In The Public School System

    2561 words - 11 pages

    ART THERAPY IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM: OUTLETS FOR NEW POSSIBILITIES Leah C. Bell April 30, 1998 INTRODUCTION Art therapy has been for the most part, well known as an adjunct form of treatment in the clinical settings such as in psychiatric hospitals and outpatient centers, focusing on mental and emotional disturbances. School based Art therapy has been demonstrated in educational settings for children and adolescents with physical, learning, behavioral, and emotional difficulties, usually outside the mainstream or away from the public school system. Art therapy in the public school

    View Document »

    Major Depress In Women

    1497 words - 6 pages

    RUNNING HEAD: ASSESSMENT AND TREATMENT OF MAJOR DEPRESSION IN FEEEMALE   Literature Review Assessment and Treatment of Major Depression in Female SOWK 3120 01N This literature review has been developed to advice on the treatment and assessment of major depression and related conditions. This literature view is tended be useful to the social worker and the patient in providing and planning high quality care for those who are suffering from major depression while also emphasizing the importance of the experience of care for patients. Assessment What is majo

    View Document »

    Depression A Variety Of Treatment Options Does The Treatment Help

    1584 words - 7 pages

    Depression "People with depression have a variety of treatment options." Even though does the treatment help? The effectiveness of the variety of treatment options for depression is uncertain. Depression is an illness that involves your body, feelings, and your mind. It effect the way you live your life, and the way you feel about yourself and other people, and the way you think about things that go on in your life. A depressive disorder is not the same as you feeling sad for a moment. It is not a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can just go away. People with a depressive illn

    View Document »

    Mental Illnesses And Personality Disorders

    1753 words - 8 pages

    Mental illness, what is it, and how does it come about? Not everyone understands Mental illness and why sometimes people can’t function in everyday life. Mental illnesses are medical conditions, that disrupts a person’s thinking, feelings, mood, ability to relate to others and daily functioning. Just as diabetes is a disorder of the pancreas, mental illnesses are mental conditions that often results in a diminished capacity of coping with the ordinary demands of life. Serious mental illnesses include major depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder,

    View Document »

    Treating Depression Pills Or Talk Therapy

    1770 words - 8 pages

    Have you ever felt sad, dejected, worthless, and disinterested in usual activities? What about fatigue, difficulty concentrating, agitation, or even thoughts of suicide? These are just a few of the symptoms of major depressive disorder; a mood disorder affecting millions of people each year. With a disorder as widespread as depression, there is much debate on the most effective way to treat it. For years depression has been treated with medication, but new types of psychotherapy are emerging as effective treatments (Hollon, Thase, and Markowitz, 2004). So which treatmen

    View Document »

    Teen Depression

    3598 words - 15 pages

    In today’s world, being a teenager does not seem to be easy. Adolescence is the time to mature into adulthood. Teens will experience ongoing physical, emotional, psychological and social changes that accompany this stage of life. The passage through adolescence is often difficult and filled with pitfalls. It is true that teens can be frustrating and challenging, but during that time many parents become overwhelmed with their teenager’s mood swings. However, at that point, most parents do not worry about anything serious going on with their teen, such as a mental disorder; therefore, they brush

    View Document »

    Diagnosis And Treatment

    1479 words - 6 pages

    BEH/225 There is a wide range of psychological disorders that are recognized in the United States and around the world on a daily basis. For many Americans it is difficult to come to terms with any type of medical diagnosis. Going without the appropriate diagnosis and treatment can cause negative effects not only for themselves but for their families as well. With that being said I have decided to write about mood disorders. “Mood Disorders are characterized by disturbances in mood or prolonged emotional state” (Morris and Maisto, 2005). These disorders are also referred to as affective di

    View Document »

    Borderline

    10833 words - 44 pages

    What is Borderline Personality Disorder? Personality disorders affect about 10% of the general population. This group of mental disorders is defined by maladaptive personality characteristics that have a consistent and serious effect on work and interpersonal relationships. DSM-IV defines ten categories of personality disorder. Of these, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is the most frequent in clinical practice. BPD is also one of the most difficult and troubling problems in all of psychiatry. The term "borderline" is a misnomer. These patients were first des

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!