Aristotle Vs Plato

1633 words - 7 pages

Intro Sample...

This paper will argue Plato and Aristotle's beliefs on the theory of Moral Education which is how we learn to become good, moral, virtuous people. It will defend Aristotle’s theory of Habit which basically states that things are learned through habit and practice vs. Plato’s theory of recollection which states that all knowledge that has ever been known and will ever be known is already preexistent in our memory. Aristotle’s theory of habit can be supported best because he believes that what we need in order to be mentally and physically well is the proper appreciation of the goods of life such as virtue, friendship, wealth, happiness etc. Yet in order to acquire and understand those goods, it is required that we are shown how to by the... View More »

Body Sample...

He responded that each side would be four feet, yet a four foot side would yield a sixteen foot square. Socrates kept questioning him to show him his mistakes, but he failed again. He then points out to Meno that the slave is in a state of aporia (confusion). Lastly he drew it out and the slave realized and understood it but not through teachings but through the questions. This was his evidence to argue with Meno that learning is a recollection.
Aristotle's theory of habit explained in Nicomachean Ethics argues many different aspects of Moral Education. He believes that we learn moral virtue through habit and practice opposed to Plato's argument for recollection in which things are remembered from a past life or reasoned out. In order for one to know something, one must be taught and one must practice to become experienced at it. Every individual is born with the potential to be good at reasoning, but that potential has to be nourished. In other words, the perfect person cannot become perfect without being in the right environment. Aristotle became interested with the education of the young because practice was the key to becoming virtuous as opposed to studying. He believes that it is easier to mold a child, rather than a nasty adult. He was right because an adult is already filled with ideas and can think for him or herself as opposed to a child that is still learning and trying to figure out life itself.
Aristotle also speaks about how happiness is the highest good and the end at which everything we do aims for. For example we buy a coat to wear it when its cold ...

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