Influence Of Islam On Science

3086 words - 13 pages

Intro Sample...


During the middle Ages the Islamic World had a very significant impact upon Europe, which in turn cleared the way for the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution. In the Medieval age, Islam and Muslims influenced Europe in a number of different ways. One of the most important of these subjects was Science.
Ever since Islam was born, Muslims had made immense leaps forward in the area of Science. Cities like Baghdad, Damascus, Cairo and Cordoba were the centers of civilization. These cities were flourishing and Muslim scientists made tremendous progress in applied as well as theoretical Science and Technology. In Europe, however, the situation was much different. Europe was in the Dark Ages. It had no infrastructure or central... View More »

Body Sample...


The works of Al-Khwarizmi (Alghorismus) were translated into Latin. Alghorismus, from whom the mathematical term algorism was derived, wrote Sindhind, a compilation of astronomical tables. He, more importantly, laid the ground work for algebra and found methods to deal with complex mathematical problems, such as square roots and complex fractions. He conducted numerous experiments, measured the height of the earth's atmosphere and discovered the principle of the magnifying lens. Many of his books were translated into European languages. Trigonometric work by Alkirmani of Toledo was translated into Latin (from which we get the sine and cosine functions) along with the Greek knowledge of Geometry by Euclid. Along with mathematics, a mass of other knowledge in the field of physical science was transferred.
Islamic contributions to Science were now rapidly being translated and transferred from Spain to the rest of Europe. Ibnul Hairham’s works on Optics, (in which he deals with 50 Optical questions put to Muslim Scholars by the Franks), was translated widely. The Muslims discovered the Principle of Pendulum, which was used to measure time. Many of the principles of Isaac Newton were derived from former Islamic scientific contributions. In the field of Chemistry numerous Islamic works were translated into Latin. One of the fields of study in this area was alchemy. The Muslims by exploring various elements, developed a good understanding of the constitution of matter. Jabir ibn-Hayyan (Geber) was the leading chemist in the Muslim world, some scholars link the introduction of ...

Read More

Related Essays on Influence Of Islam On Science

  • Christainity Vs Islam

    1008 words - 5 pages

    The defiance between Christianity and Islam is varies among different Christian groups. There are very few common roots and many common elements to that Christianity and Islam the so-called Abrahamsen religion. But these two religions are not that different Islam recognized five Principles, on which one builds one’s faith; belief in the one god. On the surface, Islam and Christianity appear to have many things in common, however as you get deeper into areas such as rituals, beliefs, ethics, founders, and sacred object, the two show strong mutual similarities, particular

    View Document »

    The Establisment Of Islam In Africa

    1290 words - 6 pages

    By Bailee Lawrence World History AP Spring, 2011 “Given its negotiated practical approach to different cultural situations, it is perhaps more appropriate to consider Islam in Africa in terms of its multiple histories rather than as a unified movement” (Bravmann). Islam’s impact on Africa happened in different regions, cultures, and parts of society at different times. Culture such as architecture and language began to change as well as how governments and leaders ran their countries. Trade was also introduced which connected Africa to other countries, furthering the changes in society.

    View Document »

    Does Islam Promote Terrorism

    1272 words - 6 pages

    Does Islam Promote Terrorism? By Fatima Noori Islam does not promote terrorism, Islam is derived from the word ‘salaam’ which means peace which fundamentals teach its followers to maintain and promote peace throughout the world. Unfortunately more and more often, Islam has been associated with terrorism and violence due to the actions of a few extreme individuals who have taken it upon themselves to do the most heinous crimes in the name of Islam. In addition, there is a misconception that has developed which links Islam and terrorism. The word "Islam" and "t

    View Document »

    Islamophobia

    3874 words - 16 pages

    Last November the Mayor of London published a report called Finding Common Ground. The report surveyed press coverage of 'Muslim issues' and lambasted journalists for fomenting anti-Muslim sentiment. The report's authors had chosen a random week in 2006 and analysed all newspaper articles about Muslims. During that week there had been 352 articles on Muslim-related issues of which 91 per cent were deemed 'negative' in their portrayal of Muslims and Islam, and only four per cent judged to be positive. This was evidence, the report claimed, of the 'demonisation' of Muslims that was 'likely to

    View Document »

    Caliphs

    1262 words - 6 pages

    The four Rightly Guided Caliphs each in their own right helped with the development of Islam. Expanding the nation of Al Islam, compiling the Qur’an and keeping the community on the right path after the death of the Prophet Muhammad. A Caliph is a successor to the Messenger of God, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Salla allahu alaihi wa sallam). As successor to the Prophet, the Caliph was the head of the Islamic community and the Caliph’s primary responsibility was to continue in the path of Muhammad. The Caliph had roles, Commander of the Faithful and the prayer leader of t

    View Document »

    Dissertation On British Muslims

    14720 words - 59 pages

    The 9/11 terrorist attacks were undoubtedly one of the most mediated events in history. They targeted the heart of a major western megalopolis that is a global economic, cultural and media centre. Images of destruction, shock and suffering were displayed on TV screens and newspapers’ front pages for a very long time. One of the major consequences of this media coverage is that it brought Muslims and Islam to the fore in western societies. Akbar (2001) aptly maintains that ‘the terrible and tragic events of September 11 have opened a Pandora’s box of questions about Isla

    View Document »

    Are British Muslims Are Presented In A Negative Context In The British Newspapers

    10547 words - 43 pages

    Introduction: (Aims, Objectives and Research Question) The aim of this study was to find out if British Muslims are presented in a negative context in the British Newspapers. Being a British Muslim and not wearing the Hijab (an Islamic term for headscarf) I have not experienced any form of racism. However talking to many Muslim individuals in an Islamic discussion on “Jihad” held in the London Muslim Centre (In the East End of London)in Aug 2005, it gave me the opportunity to talk to other Muslims about their experiences following the 7/7 2005 attack. Muslim men

    View Document »

    Islam And Christianity

    2094 words - 9 pages

    There are hundreds of religions in this world. Of them two are the most prominent. Islam and Christianity. It is averaged that there are 750 million people practicing Islam, and another 1 billion practicing Christianity. The start of Islam is actually derived form Christianity, history books indicates that one night in the year 610, the first of many revelations came to Muhammad from God by way of the angel Gabriel (In Christianity this is the same Angel which brings the news of Jesus' birth, Jesus of course is the founder of Christianity). The message Muhammad received told him that

    View Document »

    Islamic Doctrine And The Challenges Of Freedom Of Speech

    1926 words - 8 pages

    According to The Buffalo News, In September 2005, a Danish newspaper, Jyllands-Posten printed 12 cartoon images of Muslim Prophet Muhammad. This was done to test self-censorship. The story and pictures of the cartoon caricatures of the Prophet was reprinted in several European newspapers. This caused anger from many followers of Islam, all over the world. The Muslims have begun to protest, calling for boycotts, and asking for an apology from countries that allowed these images to be printed. In some cases, the protest became violent, by kidnapping Europeans and burning down embassies (Tokasz).

    View Document »

    Islam Changes And Continuites

    1014 words - 5 pages

    The spread of Islam to other parts of the world affected the empires in those areas by testing their strength and their ability to withstand large amounts of influence. Between 800CE- 1450CE, the West African political system was impacted by Islam through new ruling tactics which altered political power and the economy of West Africa was stimulated through increased trade with Islam peoples. Islam also affected the culture of West Africa by interfering with common traditions, however; the basic West African religion and agriculture persisted. The political aspect of W

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!