Pathology Arise Out Of The Existential Predicaments Of Life

2723 words - 11 pages

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Concepts of pathology, as treated by the traditions of clinical psychology and psychiatry, define what is normal and abnormal in human behaviour. Various psychological paradigms exist today, each emphasising diverse ways of defining and treating psyopathology. Most commonly utilised is the medical model which is limited in many respects, criticised for reducing patients problems to a list of pathological symptoms that have a primarily biological base and which are to be treated behaviourally or pharmacologically (Schwartz & Wiggins 1999). Such reductionistic positivist ways of viewing the individual maintain the medical discourse of borderline personality, schizoid, paranoid or clinically depressed, often failing to address the wider... View More »

Body Sample...


Existentialism provides a moving account of the agony of being thrown into the world, perhaps appealingthe times of intense confusion, despair and rootlesssness caused by the War and it's aftermath. In the 19th century existential thought is found in the writings of Soren Kirkegaard (1813-1855), Friederich Neitzche (1844-1900), Fyodor Dostoyevoski (182-1881) and later Jean-Paul Satre (1905-1980), all of whom were opposed to the predominant philosophies, and scientific dogmas, of their time and committed to exploring the experience of reality in a passionate and personal manner.
The birth of modern existentialism can be attributed to Martin Heidegger (1889-1976), who's thinking was applied to psychiatry, psychotherapy and psychoanalysis by Karl Jaspers (1883-1969), Ludwig Binswanger (1881-1966) and Medard Boss (1903- 1990). They attempted to gain a sense of the subjective phenomena of mental illness using existential concepts (Owen 1994).In America psychotherapists May and Yalom (1984) formulated their unique type of existential psychotherapy, as did Frankl (1963) in Austria with logotherapy, and also Laing (1960), working with schizophrenics, in the anti-psychiatry movement in Britain.
Ironically many of the writers celebrated as existentialists deny to be grouped together as one school of thought, agreeing wholly on all concepts, thus a diverse collection of tenets are represented under the umbrella of existentialism.
Arising from a deeply philosophical root of ideas existentialism explores the experience of existence, asking what does it mean to be in this world. ...

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