Philosophy David Hume

4404 words - 18 pages

Intro Sample...







"I was from the beginning scandalised, I must own, with this resemblance between the Deity and human creatures."

--Philo



David Hume wrote much about the subject of religion, much of it negative. In this paper we shall attempt to follow Hume's arguments against Deism as Someone knowable from the wake He allegedly makes as He passes. This kind of Deism he lays to rest. Then, digging deeper, we shall try our hand at a critique of his critique of religion, of resurrecting a natural belief in God. Finally, if there's anything Hume would like to say as a final rejoinder, we... View More »

Body Sample...


It is an argument against any inductive proof for God's existence. What Hume seeks to show is the failure of this argument to establish the type of deity that belief in a particular providence or divine action must require one to assert. This he sets out first and in preliminary fashion in Section XI of the Enquiry and with more plethoric attention in the Dialogues. In both books he employs the dialogue form to embody his attacks.

The argument of the former is mistitled. Fourteen of the seventeen pages have nothing to do with immortality or "particular providence." Hume's argument here is from the particular effect to the existence of a cause sufficient for its production. Causes are to be known from effects alone; to ascribe to it any superfluous qualities goes beyond the bounds of strict logical reasoning. The imagination must be philosophically bridled. When ten ounces are raised in a balance one can surely surmise a counterbalance exceeding ten ounces, but one can hardly offer any justification for the counterbalance to weigh 100 ounces. Transferred to philosophical theology, it is impossible to derive legitimately from a natural theology any relevancy in conclusions arrived at over and above what can be independently and directly supported by empirical study of the universe.

Such innocuous-sounding, even camouflaged assertions by Hume were in actuality a D-Day invasion on the Normandy Beach of the Deists. The first salvo is a statement of the terms of reference:

You then . . . have acknowledged that the chief or sole ...

Read More

Related Essays on Philosophy David Hume

  • Philosophy Davide Hume

    3033 words - 13 pages

    Hume's Life David Hume was the son of a minor Scottish landowner. His family wanted him to become a lawyer, but he felt an "insurmountable resistance to everything but philosophy and learning". Mr. Hume attended Edinburgh University, and in 1734 he moved to a French town called La Fleche to pursue philosophy. He later returned to Britain and began his literary career. As Hume built up his reputation, he gained more and more political power. Hume's Philosophy HUME'S WRITINGS In 1742, Hume wrote Essays Moral and Political. Then in 1748, he wrote An Enquiry Concerning

    View Document »

    David Hume

    1266 words - 6 pages

    David Hume argued that man gains knowledge through experience and that we should be skeptical of all other. Hume set up criteria for determining cause and effect. These criteria explained his skepticism about causality and why he came to the conclusion that humans were not capable of discovering truth. In order to fully understand Hume?s analysis of causality, we must first understand the importance he placed on the senses. Hume is skeptical of all that is not in some way connected to our senses. Hume separated human perceptions into two different categories: impression

    View Document »

    Philosophy Hume

    1982 words - 8 pages

    In explaining Hume?s critique of the belief in miracles, we must first understand the definition of a miracle. The Webster Dictionary defines a miracle as: a supernatural event regarded as to define action, one of the acts worked by Christ which revealed his divinity an extremely remarkable achievement or event, an unexpected piece of luck. Therefore, a miracle is based on one?s perception of past experiences, what everyone sees. It is based on a individuals own reality, and the faith in which he/she

    View Document »

    Knowledge

    1012 words - 5 pages

    The study of epistemology is in an attempt to explain and pursue the intellectual marvel of humanity, the purpose of and the mechanics of gaining knowledge. The main questions of epistemology is how we know things, and are there any truthfulness to what we know. Do we know things because they are in our in our mind like the Rationalists state, or do the Empiricists have it right and all we know comes from our senses? Empiricists, like David Hume are skeptical of the knowledge that we perceive of the world and ourselves, saying that nothing may be known; with enough certainty to say, it is true

    View Document »

    Totally Spies

    2129 words - 9 pages

    Totally Spies Clover ? She is a very smart girl and also the most powerful spies of the group. She loves to dress up and always more concentrated in fashion and beauty. She always wanted to be an actress. Her ring’s colour is red. Sam ? Samantha, usually called Sam. She looks cool, but she loves to dance and also proficient in any dance. Her dream is to become a professional dancer. Her ring’s colour is green. Alex ? Alexandra, usually called Alex. She is the most quiets girl of the group. She loves to reading and the most important thing for her is the friendshi

    View Document »

    Embeded Systems Introduction

    17384 words - 70 pages

    All men by nature desire to know... --ARISTOTLE, Opening sentence of the Metaphysics Hear the rest, and you will marvel even more at the crafts and resources I have contrived. Greatest was this: in the former times if a man fell sick he had no defense against the sickness, neither healing food nor drink, nor unguent; but through the lack of drugs men wasted away, until I showed them the blending of mild simples wherewith they drive out all manner of diseases. . . . It was I who made visible to men's eyes the flaming signs of the sky that were before dim. So much for these. Beneath

    View Document »

    Miracles

    1000 words - 4 pages

    Elisha Lindsey Matthew Homan Phil 2200-13 Fall 2016 11-1-12 Take-home Essay #1 : Miracles When I think about miracles I imagine this extraordinary event that I cannot even begin to try to explain. If I was asked to explain a miracle I would probably say it was a gift from God. Would other people believe me? The answer would be probably not, but if the roles were reversed and they were explaining the miracle to me what would I think? Are they telling the truth? I believe miracles are different for different people and can never truly be explained. Hume says “A mir

    View Document »

    Philosophy An Enquiry Concerning The Principles Of Morals

    714 words - 3 pages

    What is a moral? This is a question that has plagued philosophers for many years. Is it possible to have a set of universal morals? There are many questions that surround the mystery of morals. They seem to drive our every action. We base our decisions on what is right and what is wrong. But what is it that actually determines what is right and what is wrong? Is it our sense of reason? Is it our sense of sentiment? This is a question that David Hume spent much of his life pondering. What exactly is it that drives our actions? Yes, morals drive them, but what determines

    View Document »

    Performing Arts Management

    3631 words - 15 pages

    “Performing Arts Management” 2010 Diana C. González Prof. Víctor Quiñones 11/20/2013 Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto de Río Piedras Escuela Graduada de Administración de Empresas Tabla de Contenido Los eventos artísticos desde la perspectiva del servicio 3 El Mercado 4 La Audiencia 4 Factores de preferencia y motivación 5 Tarifación 7 Las emociones, los servicios periferales y la intención de compra 9 Conclusión 12 Bibliografía 13 Los eventos artísticos desde la perspectiva del servicio El mercadeo de servicios en e

    View Document »

    Variations In Excavation

    1760 words - 8 pages

    When choosing a location for archaeological study, the most prominent factor is what exactly one is looking for and what the interest is. After zeroing in on a particular region based on this criterion, other components are taken into consideration, such as habitable practicalities, laws, and the results of test pits (Miller 8/28/12). For example, in the early 1800’s, it was debated that humans and extinct animals coexisted for more than 6,000 years previous. Archaeologists in the 1840’s set out to validate this notion my searching for stone tools in France that would p

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!