A Stylistic Analysis Of Churchills Speech On Hitlers Invasion Of USSR
As an interdisciplinary field of study, stylistics promises to offer useful insights into literary criticism and the teaching of literature with its explicit aims and effective techniques. It is very useful in the analysis of various styles of writing. In this thesis, I want to try my best to offer a stylistic analysis of Churchill’s Speech on Hitler’s Invasion of U.S.S.R.
1. Related Information of Churchill and his Speech on Hitler’s Invasion of U.S.S.R.
Churchill is the hero that two wartimes expect to lead the British people to obtain the great victory of Object to fascist’s war, is one of ” two war triumvirate” that stands together with Stalin, Roosevelt, is a great person of the historical work in world.
Churchill did not ascend the university, his encyclopedic knowledge and then can pass by in many ways assiduous self-educated get.” Read everyday four, five hours of history and the philosophy works” of light hour of some time. Churchill is the speech expert, legend hero in the war of the politician, great talent that the outstanding writer, Anne’s nation cures the country. In 1953, he was give to Nobel literature prize. He is in the importance in the World War II time, announce many rich in technique and move the lecture of public. His humor, tactful, always indomitable determination, give be placed in British people within crisis is go to the international community people, all brought to encourage matchlessly with the courage. Sweden college of arts says in give to his Nobel literature prize make awards phrase:” Churchill’s speech is mature, the topic is fresh and clear and emollient, the contents grand view is moving. As if a motive that casts the history link. The …… is perhaps he is exactly with the speech that this is great, plentiful stone tablet that built up to will long be remembered by posterity.”
Because his outstanding leadership suppressed Hitler’s influence, change two situations of the wars. Churchill has become symbol of the brave unyielding conflict spirit in people’s heart. In a whole country .in recent England investigate, Churchill drive for the first in” top ten people in British history”.
The effect of Churchill’s speech common people subdue, At moment of the suffering the most seriously in World War II, the British army and the people’s spirit is supported, nearly all lecture by Churchill’s broadcast of every day of mound .The news that Hitler’s invasion of Russia was brought to Churchill when he awoke on the morning of Sunday, the 22nd, June 1941. This changed conviction into certainty. Churchill asked that notice should immediately be given that he would broadcast at 9 o’clock that night. The Germans had invaded Russia on an enormous front, had surprised a large portion of the Soviet Air Force grounded on the airfields, and seemed to be driving forward with great rapidity and violence.
2. A Stylistic Analysis of the Speech (An analysis of some of the stylistic devices used in the speech)
Churchill’s Speech on Hitler’s Invasion of U.S.S.R is widely regarded as one of the most powerful ever delivered in the word. Almost every one who listened it can get encourage. The analysis of some of the stylistic devices used in the speech is widely Now let’s appreciate it together.
Throughout the speech, the author used some words many times, It make the sentence express his emotion strongly, and at the same time .we can see, it makes the thesis wonderful.
(1) I see the Russian soldiers standing on the threshold of their native land… I see them guarding their homes where mothers and wives pray… I see the ten thousand villages of Russia… I see advancing upon all this in hideous onslaught the Nazi war machine… I see also the dull, drilled, docile, brutish masses of the Hun soldiery… I see the German bombers and fighters in the sky…
Author’s six sentences with “I see” together, described Nazi attack the Soviet Union situation, have indicated his position of at this time, and supported, sympathized with the Russian people and army. Detest the barbarous invasion of Nazi. Strengthen the imposing manner of tone; it and help the expression of the emotion.
(2) We shall fight him by hand, we shall fight him by sea, and we shall fight him by the air.
We can see obviously that Churchill will fight against Nazi until the end!
If we study the whole speech more carefully, it is easy for us to find many other examples of repetition used.
(3) We will never parley; we will never negotiate with Hitler or any of his gang. We shall fight him by land, we shall fight him by sea, we shall fight him in the air, until, with the God’s help, and we have rid the earth of his shadow and liberated its peoples from his yoke.
(4) Any man or state that fight on against Nazidom will have our aid. Any man or state that marches with Hitler is our foe…
(5) Let us learn the lessons already taught by such cruel experience. Let us redouble our exertions, and strike with united strength while life and power remain.
All the sentence used repetition is reading smoothly. They can express Churchill’s emotion appropriately. And it declares that England will join together with other countries even Socialist state to fight against Nazi for the freedom of people.
2.2 Use of Parallelism
Parallelism is another syntactic over-regularity. It means exact repetition in equivalent positions..
In his speech, Churchill uses parallelism to create a strong rhythm to help the audience line up his ideas. Here are few examples:
(6) The past, with its crimes, its follies, and its tragedies, flashes away.
(7) He hopes that if he succeeds in this he will be… He hopes, no doubt, that all this may…and the he can…He hopes that he may …that process of …and that then…
(8) I see them guarding their homes where mothers and wives pray— ah, yes, for there are times when all pray— for the safety of their loved ones, the return of the bread-winner, of their champion, of their protector.
(9) I see advancing upon all this in hideous onslaught the Nazi war machine, with its clanking, heel-clicking, dandified Prussian officers, its crafty expert agents fresh from the cowing and tying down of a dozen countries.
(10) Behind this entire glare, behind this entire storm, I see that small group of villainous men who plan, organize, and launch this cataract of horrors upon mankind.
(11) We shall appeal to all our friends and allies in every part of the world to take the same course and pursue it, as we shall faithfully and steadfastly to the end.
3.3 Use of Similes and Metaphors
We can change another word or sentence to express our means if we want to say something similes or uneasy to say. What’s more, it’s easy to understand. Churchill’s speech used it pertinently.
(12) I see also the dull, drilled; docile, brutish masses of the Hun soldiery plodding in like a swarm of crawling locusts.
We can see, Churchill here say Hun soldiery just like crawling locusts. They have the similar characteristic –they can spread and destroy.
(13) I asked whether for him, the arch anti-Communist, this was not bowing down in the House of Rimmon.
It’s a metaphor. The paragraph ‘Bow down in the House of Rimmon’ was written in the Bible, it means ‘Prostrate oneself under the circumstances that false god face the foot’, and it always used to say “prostrate oneself under the foot of the money”, here Churchill want to say that he always object to communism, but this time if he change the attitude, then he express his idea.
(14) Behind the entire glare, behind this entire storm, I see…
Glare means angry sight, but here it means that hatred, fierce and cruel expression; storm means windstorm, but here it means war or attacking.
(15) I see the German bombers and fighters in the sky, still smarting from many a British whipping, delighted to find what they believe is an easier and a safer prey.
3.4 Use of Contrast
If two things are different, we can Contrast it to show the difference. The audience can understand it easily. Churchill’s speaking was understood easily, we could learn how the contrast used in the speaking.
(16) I see the ten thousand villages of Russia where the means of existence is wrung so hardly from the soil, but where there are still primordial human joys, where maidens laugh and children play.
(17) This is no class war, but a war in which the whole British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations is engaged, without distinction of race, creed, or party. It’s not for me to…but…
(18) It is not for me to speak of the action of the United States, but this I will say….
(19) This is no time to moralize on the follies of countries and Governments, which have allowed them to be struck down one by one, when by united action they could have saved themselves and saved the world from this catastrophe.
From the test we can find and learn something from Churchill’s speech we can know why his speech was considered as one of the best wonderful speech in the word in the stylistics promises ground. And we know that when we have a speech we should pay attention to use stylistics promises even more complex. But we can’t study Churchill’s speech completely. I hope we can learn something from it