Crossing The Road Or Smoking 20 A Day
Crossing the road or smoking 20 a day – which is more dangerous?
Hazards a chance of being injured or harmed a chance of danger or a possible source of danger.
A cigarette smoke contains over 4000 chemicals with 43 known cancer causing compounds with 400 other toxins, including nicotine, tar and carbon monoxide. Other toxins include formaldehyde, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide and arsenic. (www.quitsmokingsupport.com)
Nicotine is a drug with has very different effects on the body in different doses, as it is a stimulant on the brain, and nicotine in the bloodstream calms the smoker. In large doses it’s a depressant, inhibiting the flow of signals between nerve cells. And is a lethal poison in even larger doses affecting the heart, blood vessels and hormones.
Carbon Monoxide affects the red blood cells by making it harder for them to carry oxygen in the body, the tar in a cigarette which forms sticky masses in the lungs.
“Cancer is manifestation of long term nutritional and environmental irritation, resulting in cellular oxygen starvation, leading to uncontrolled cell replication. It is often triggered by psychological causes inducing immune system collapse.” by Saul Pressman
So these chemicals inside of the cigarette are a hazard for a person’s health if they choose to smoke.
Road traffic accidents kill an estimated 1.2 million people worldwide each year, and injury about forty times this number. (WHO, 2004). 50% of those hit over 36 miles per hour injuries become fatal. This shows the extent a ton worth of power has on the human body. Most common injuries experiences by Road Traffic Accidents (RTA’s) are broken bones, and internal bleeding. This is due to the impact on the body; this can also cause brain damage, paralysis and death.
With information from the Information Centre of National Statisitics
Deaths attributed to smoking as a percentage of all deaths from that disease 2004
England and Wales
Diagnosis (ICD 10) Observed Deaths Attributable Number Attributable Percentage
All Diseases 500,755 88,800 18
All diseases caused in part by smoking 283,141 88,800 31
All Cancers 139,696 39,600 29
Cancers caused in part of smoking 69,081 39,600 57
Lung 28,300 23,900 85
Upper Respiratory sites 2,371 1,600 69
Oesophagus 6,291 4,300 68
Bladder 4,296 1,600 37
Kidney 3,107 800 26
Stomach 5,076 1,200 24
Pancreas 6,280 1,600 26
Unspecified Site 11,132 4,200 38
Myeloid Leukaemia 2,228 300 14
All respiratory diseases 68,832 24,500 36
Respiratory diseases caused in part by smoking 53,742 24,500 46
Chronic obstructive lung disease 23,194 19,400 84
Pneumonia 30,548 5,100 17
All Circulatory Diseases 189,836 22,900 12
Circulatory Diseases caused in part by smoking 156,958 22,900 15
Ischaemic heart disease 92,381 13,300 14
Cerebrovascular disease 52,713 3,700 7
Aortic aneurysm 8,595 5,300 62
Myocardial Infarction 2,472 500 19
Atherosclerosis 797 100 18
All Diseases of the Digestive System 24,560 1,800 7
Diseases of the Digestive system caused in part by smoking 3,360 1,800 53
Stomach/Duodenal Ulcer 3,360 1,800 53
Source: Hospital Episode Statistics (HES). The Information Centre
CASUALTIES: 2006 compared with 2005
• There were 258,404 reported casualties on roads in Great Britain in 2006, 5 per cent less than in 2005. 3,172 people were killed, 1 per cent less than in 2005. 28,673 were seriously injured (down 1 per cent on 2005) and 226,559 were slightly injured (down 5 per cent on 2005).
• There were 189,161 road accidents involving personal injury in 2006, 5 per cent less than in 2005. Of these, 27,872 involved death or serious injury.
• Child casualties fell by 9 per cent. There were 169 child fatalities, 20 per cent more than in 2005. The number of children killed or seriously injured in 2006 was 3,294 down 5 per cent on 2005. Of those, 2,025 were pedestrians, 5 per cent down on 2005.
• Pedestrian casualties were 30,982 in 2006, 7 per cent less than 2005. Pedestrian deaths were 1 per cent higher compared to 2005 at 675 but serious injuries fell by 1 per cent to 6,376.
Baseline Average 2005 2006 Percentage Change over baseline Percentage change from last year
Killed 1,008 671 675 -33 1
Seriously Injured 10,662 6,458 6,376 -40 -1
Slightly Injured 34,874 26,152 23,931 -31 -8
All Casualties 46,543 33,281 30,982 -33 -7
There are different Organisations involved with these two problems. Cancer Research UK deals with those involved with cancer. And the RoSPA The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents this organisation help with those who are involved in car accidents.
No organisation has done more to promote road safety in the UK than RoSPA. Over the years RoSPA has also built an unrivalled reputation as an innovative provider of risk management and fleet solutions including driver and rider related training.
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents is a registered charity established over 80 years ago and aims to campaign for change, influence opinion, contribute to debate, educate and inform – for the good of all.
By providing information, advice, resources and training, RoSPA is actively involved in the promotion of safety and the prevention of accidents in all areas of life – at work, in the home, and on the roads, in schools, at leisure and on (or near) water.
Cancer Research UK
Cancer research UK is the leading funder of research into cancer in the UK. The organisation helps those with cancer as well as research into cures and treatment of the disease. They supply information for those diagnosed with cancer which is one of the foremost diseases that smoking creates.
Correlation Cause and perception
It is known that smoking harms health and that as a result of smoking deadly illness can occur, but crossing the road is seen as a not so dangerous thing. It is seen as a normal day-to-day activity. But who is it to say that one could be safe, whilst the other is dangerous.
There were 258,404 reported casualties on roads in Briton where as there were 88,800 attributed illness’s to smoking.