Immigration in the United States
The American Heritage Dictionary states that immigration is to enter and settle in a country or region to which one is not native. Immigration has an affect on all countries. There are many problems associated with immigration. The problems are political, ethical, legal and economic to name a few of them. This is a very complex problem occurring around the world.
In the United States, “there are eight million illegal immigrants”. That is a very big problem because “every year almost five hundred-thousand illegal immigrants come to the United States for different reasons”1. There is a huge debate about what we should do with the illegal immigrants in the United States today. For example, should we put up fences? Should we have more border patrols? How are we going to step this so it does not get more out of control that it is already? There are many reasons why we have illegal immigrants around the world, also.
People immigrate for a better way of life. There may be a war going on and they want to get out of it or out of the way. They want to have a better life for themselves and possibly their children. There may be political problems or different laws that they refuse to follow. The economic problems of being poor might change where they would like to live. Religious and ethnic persecution is another reason why people around the world immigrate illegally and legally.
Sometimes while immigrating illegally, everyone does not always make it. They are the victims of immigration. People, while illegally immigrating, take risks and chances of making it over to another country. For example, “in 1988 along the European borders, eight-thousand one-hundred seventy-five people died.”2 They say that “two-thousand seven-hundred fifty-five of those people trying to immigrate illegally were missing in the Mediterranean Sea.”3 Some people while taking routes or trails across the Sahara desert died because of the harsh weather and the lack of shelter, food and water. People take those risky chances of finding a better way of life.
There are always two sides to one story. Some of the supporting general arguments are for immigrants. Some examples include the boosting of population in some small populated areas. That is good because it creates more jobs and more growth in that area where the immigrants migrate. Working at restaurants or on a farm are great jobs foe immigrants. They even take some really wild jobs that no one else would take to make, which would not be filled by the native people like United States citizens.
The opposing general arguments are the over populated areas that immigrants make when a lot of them migrate. The migration is a hazard to the environment because it over taxes the resources in that particular area. When immigrants migrate to any areas in large numbers they start making that area harder to prosper because they set up the same problems that they were trying to get away from in the first place. Such as, fewer jobs are available because there are so many immigrants competing for the same amount of jobs. They have essentially created another region of poverty and hard way of life.
Some other arguments are the economic arguments. These supporting economic arguments include, immigrants lessening the population from where they came from go to a different country, find work, get money and sent it back to the other family members in need from their home country. Some opposing economic arguments are, when immigrants go to a different country illegally and take jobs to get money from them it is like taking the host’s property and in a way that is seen as stealing. The immigrants take the money and send it back to their family members where it is spent in the other country and can not be used for the host country’s economy. There are legal immigrants who come into a country and do not leave after their Visas’ have expired.4
There are, also, nationalistic arguments. Some examples are immigrants simply do not belong in a nation-state which is defined as intended for another ethnic group. An example of that is Germany is for Germans, China is for the Chinese, and so on. Immigration is seen as changing the composition of the countries population, and effectively putting that country in danger of losing its’ unique culture. The Nationalists view high-volume immigration simply “alters their country”5 more than they want it to be or even necessary.
The last of the arguments deals with the environmentalists arguments. Some people oppose the immigration driven population growth in the United States as unable to go on at present rates and suggest a reduction in immigration through allowable and reasonable numbers. Other environmentalists see overpopulation and environmental put down as global problems that should be addressed by other methods. The effect of
immigration is to reduce gradually the numbers crossing the borders, or slow down rather slower than rather a major portion to increase the population.
In the United States of America there is currently sixty percent immigrants illegally crossing the border and the other forty percent overstay their Visas.6 what that really means that all immigrants coming into the United States of America end up staying illegally. That is a problem for everyone concerned. Such as, young citizens looking for work can not get any jobs because all of the low paying jobs are being taken up by the illegal immigrants flooding the job market for those particular jobs. But, it is also good for the immigrants to have the jobs because most Americans would not want to do some of the jobs that some of them are doing. Immigrants make life easier and harder for citizens in the host country.
To become a citizen of the United States of America there are some steps immigrants must go through to accomplish. First, the immigrants have to take a test about the United States of American and its’ history. If you pass the test, which a lot of Americans probably could not do, then the immigrant earns their green card. The whole process takes years, but it is well worth it for most of the immigrants wanting to become American citizens of the United States. There are other immigrants who do not want to wait through the long process so they do it illegally. If you want to stay for a little bit you can get a Visa, which only takes about six months to accomplish. When the immigrants Visa expires they have to go back to their own country and wait a certain amount of time before they can return again.
Immigration has an effect on the whole world for all of the diverse problems and effects that immigration brings to a country. Some of the problems are small, but others are a really big deal to the host country. Migration is a big deal for the individual immigrants as it is for everyone it affects. The world is getting smaller and smaller as the population grows and immigration is going to be getting worse for those host countries.