Importance Of Human Resouce

In this increasingly globalizing corporate world, companies have come to the realization that the role of Human resource management is extremely critical. These companies have been busy recreating and expanding the functions and roles of the department of Human Resource Management. One method that has been extremely effective for human resource professionals to have a greater influence in the growth of the company has been to enhance value by assisting higher management align Human Resource strategies, procedures, and performances in line with the requirements of the business.
The role of Human Resource professionals is becoming increasingly complex and multi-faced and the forecasts for the future are not all that simple as well. Lately, a great deal of academic research has focused on the impact of Human Resource Management on the company’s performance and the significance it possesses in the success of any firm. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of the role of human resource management and the factors that have increased the importance of the role of Human Resource Management (Jill Conner and Dave Ulrich, 1996).
James Walker and William Reif (1999) discuss the importance of Human Resource Management to a company and assert that companies have been redefining the role of human resource professionals in a way that puts them at the leadership position. They are doing this so that human resource leaders can have a direct influence in the success of the company and play a positive role in this dynamic marketplace. The role and function of the contemporary Human Resource leadership has been to concentrate on the alliance of a corporation’s resources with its business strategy through making plans and execution of Human Resource procedures, being a worthwhile assistance of organizational transformation, functioning as an advisor to executives, and taking initiatives that tackle vital public-related business concerns.
Jill Conner and Dave Ulrich (1996) discuss the roles and responsibilities of human resource professionals in a company. The writers assert that the standards for classifying the role of human resource professionals has differed from a concentration on actions (what do human resource professionals actually do), to time (where do human resource professionals consume time), to descriptions (what characteristics do human resource professionals have) and to value generation (what added-value do human resource professionals generate).
The writers observe that there seems to be a variety of four different functions around what human resource professionals actually do – namely encouragement, service, consultancy and leadership. The writers believe that the majority of the human resource professionals use their time in carrying out tasks of encouragement and services in comparison to the tasks of consultancy and leadership. However, lately, due to the rising market complexities and the increasing competition, corporations are making huge strides to stress the consultancy and leadership tasks for human resource professionals.
The human resource strategy with the corporate business strategy has turned out to be a fundamental function for human resource professionals in this dynamic environment. In order to achieve this, human resource professionals have been consuming a great deal of time in comprehensively understanding the corporate business strategy, the competitors, the technologies being used, and the potential and existing customers, so that they can assist their respective corporations in securing a competitive advantage utilizing human resource applications Ulrich (1993) asserts that human resource professionals ought to be concentrating on adding value to the company by performing as collaborators with the executives. He writes, “HR professionals add value to a business when they use their expertise to link internal organization and management practices to external business requirements” Similarly, another study conducted by Towers Perrin (1992) also stressed this approach. “The companies that gain competitive advantage from existing or yet-to-be discovered initiatives will be those that successfully forge business partnerships between HR and line management to integrate HR capabilities with business needs”. Schuler (1990) has the same opinion on this issue as well and he says, “The ideal organization has the HR manager jointly working with the line manager solving people-related business issues”. It is ironic that these scholars pointed out these trends almost a decade ago and that the present direction and focus of human resource professionals has been moving in the same direction.
Arthur Yeung and Wayne Brockbank (1994) discuss the reasons behind the rapid transformations of the role of human resource professionals. The writers assert that a number of important dynamics have made it necessary for corporations to comprehensively redefine and recreate their business strategies to gain and subsequently maintain a competitive advantage over their competitors in this globalized market. These important dynamics are increased international competition, economic depression, technological advancements and globalization. As a result, the fundamental priorities of corporate executives have also changed as they have been concentrating on cutting down costs, fulfilling customer needs, making efforts to be adaptable as well as maintain high-quality.
Therefore, without any shadow of doubt, for corporations to gain a competitive advantage and subsequently maintain that lead in this dynamic global marketplace, it has become essential for them to comprehensively understand the characteristics underlying the phenomena mentioned above. These very factors have been responsible for enhancing the role of human resource professionals, and these factors have paved a way for the human resource professionals in an insistent directive, which is to successfully tackle these modern day business complications.
Sunil J. Ramlall (2003) agrees with Arthur Yeung and Wayne Brockbank. He writes, “In today’s business environment, organizations constantly need to evaluate their internal and external environment for challenges and opportunities to remain competitive and to sustain growth. Political, economic, social, and even psychological changes within our societies have a significant impact on organizations.”
He stresses the importance of the role of the human resource managers by asserting, “Many factors drive changes in organizations today, including the use of technology, globalization, changes in workforce demographics, the elimination of bureaucracies in organizational structures, and the need to find a balance between work and family issues. Understanding the potential of an organization’s resources and optimizing the output of such resources, given the changes, provides an impetus for HR to become the key source of creating the competitive advantage for the organization.”
Susan Quinn (1998) while discussing the significance of the role of human resource professionals asserts that they should be extremely proactive in their approach in all facets of their dealings. This is because; modern organizations cannot afford inward-looking human resource professionals. In this dynamic business world the most important asset has turned out to be the workforce and it is imperative for the organization’s success that the workforce is managed and lead in appropriate way. Furthermore, if the human resource professionals are proactive in their approach and take the right initiatives, then the values and the ethic of the organization will automatically enhance, since they are largely dependant on the attitude and approach of the employees.
Lastly, if the human resource professionals are not given their due role, then during tough times, when the competition is intense and things are falling apart, the workforce may give the impression to be disordered and disorganized. Therefore, it is imperative that the human resource professionals are given their due role in the business operations of the organization.
Research has shown and emphasizes the role of human resource professionals as “strategic partners.” Every day more organizations recognize that their people are a source of competitive advantage. As a result, HR departments are evolving from playing a merely administrative role to becoming ‘strategic partners’ responsible for contributing to the achievement of business objectives. This evolution requires that new ways of defining and assessing HR success be developed. Traditional operational measures of internal efficiency are not sufficient. HR departments must now be able to demonstrate the value of their strategic contributions.
Thomas L. Legare (1998) discusses the role of human resource professionals during mergers and acquisitions. He stresses the need for human resource professionals to completely comprehend and apply the social science structures by renowned social scientists such as Segal, Freud and Argyris. He asserts that rapid technological transformations have been taking place and the augmented international competition has led the way for corporations to merge together to avert the possible threats emerging from globalization. Therefore in this environment it is imperative for corporations to posses highly skilled human resource professionals so that they can assist in bridging the differences amid the undefined characters of individuals and the requirements of the corporation that are striving to accomplish their corporate objectives.
Therefore, in light of the above mentioned facts one can safely conclude that the role of the human resource professional is being consistently redefined by the ever-changing global business environment. Their role in the success of the corporation is critical since the objective of human resource professionals has been to be evidently support the general business requirements along with the needs of the people. The aptitude to gratify the internal people (organization’s workforce) has been stressed frequently in several research studies, since, in this dynamic business world, the skills of the workforce can actually make the difference between success and failure. (Arthur Yeung, Wayne Brockbank, 1994).
Lastly, the human resource professional can participate by assisting the workforce to gain knowledge of contemporary values and behaviors that may start to disrupt organizational growth and development. Many corporations have started using human resource professionals for the on-the-job training of their employees so as to bridge the gap between the latest trends and the corporation’s capabilities (Thomas Legare, 1998).


Arthur Yeung, Wayne Brockbank. (1994) Lower cost, higher value: human resource function in transformation. Human Resource Planning, Vol. 17, 1994
Jill Conner, Dave Ulrich. (1996). Human resource roles: creating value, not rhetoric. Human Resource Planning, Vol. 19.
James W. Walker, William E. Reif. (1999). Human Resource Leaders: Capability Strengths and Gaps. Human Resource Planning, Vol. 22.
Susan Quinn. (1998). Putting the human back into human resources. Public Management, Vol. 80.
Towers Perrin (1992). Priorities for Competitive Advantage. (Research report). New York. Taken from: Jill Conner, Dave Ulrich. (1996). Human resource roles: creating value, not rhetoric. Human Resource Planning, Vol. 19.
Thomas L. Legare. (1998). The Human Side of Mergers and Acquisitions: Understanding and Managing Human Resource Integration Issues. Human Resource Planning, Vol. 21.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Allegory Of American Pie By Don Mc Lean

Ask anyone what was the defining moment in the rock history of the 1960s was and all you will get is a one word answer: Woodstock. The three day rock festival that defined an era was only one of many music festivals of the '60s. But Woodstock has come to symbolize, "an era of peaceful, free- loving, drug- taking hippie youth, carefree before harsher realities hit..." (Layman 40). The Woodstock festival ended a century filled with many metamorphoses of rock'n'roll, from the era of pop music to the rebirth of folk music to the invention of acid rock. But some cynics say that rock'n'roll died with the death of Buddy Holly before the 60s even began. One such person is Don McLean. The poet behind the haunting epic song about the death of 'danceable' music, McLean wrote the ever popular song, "American Pie" (appendix 1). The most important song in rock'n'roll history, "American Pie", is the song about the demise of rock'n'roll after Buddy Holly's death and the heathenism of rock that resulted. Although McLean himself won't reveal any symbolism in his songs, "American Pie" is one of the most analyzed pieces of literature in modern society. Although not all of its secrets have been revealed, many "scholars" of the sixties will agree that the mystery of this song is one of the reasons it has become so successful- everyone wants to know the meanings of its allegories. Proof of "American Pie's" truth lies in the allegory of the song. Many People enjoy the song but have no idea what it means- Who is the Jester? What is the levee? When the deeper story is found, the importance of the song is unearthed. "American Pie" is not only a song, it is an epic poem about the course of rock'n'roll...

Carl Orffs Philosophies In Music Education

While Carl Orff is a very seminal composer of the 20th century, his greatest success and influence has been in the field of Music Education. Born on July 10th in Munich, Germany in 1895, Orff refused to speak about his past almost as if he were ashamed of it. What we do know, however, is that Orff came from a Bavarian family who was very active in the German military. His father's regiment band would often play through some of the young Orff's first attempts at composing. Although Orff was adamant about the secrecy of his past, Moser's Musik Lexicon says that he studied in the Munich Academy of Music until 1914. Orff then served in the military in the first world war. After the war, he held various positions in the Mannheim and Darmstadt opera houses then returned home to Munich to further study music. In 1925, and for the rest of his life, Orff was the head of a department and co-founder of the Guenther School for gymnastics, music, and dance in Munich where he worked with musical beginners. This is where he developed his Music Education theories. In 1937, Orff's Carmina Burana premiered in Frankfurt, Germany. Needless to say, it was a great success. With the success of Carmina Burana, Orff orphaned all of his previous works except for Catulli Carmina and the En trata which were rewritten to be acceptable by Orff. One of Orff's most admired composers was Monteverdi. In fact, much of Orff's work was based on ancient material. Orff said: I am often asked why I nearly always select old material, fairy tales and legends for my stage works. I do not look upon them as old, but rather as valid material. The time element disappears, and only the spiritual power remains. My...

Johann Sebastian Bach Biography

Throughout the history of music, many great composers, theorists, and instrumentalists have left indelible marks and influences that people today look back on to admire and aspire to. No exception to this idiom is Johann Sebastian Bach, whose impact on music was unforgettable to say the least. People today look back to his writings and works to both learn and admire. He truly can be considered a music history great. Bach, who came from a family of over 53 musicians, was nothing short of a virtuosic instrumentalist as well as a masterful composer. Born in Eisenach, Germany, on March 21, 1685, he was the son of a masterful violinist, Johann Ambrosius Bach, who taught his son the basic skills for string playing. Along with this string playing, Bach began to play the organ which is the instrument he would later on be noted for in history. His instruction on the organ came from the player at Eisenach's most important church. He instructed the young boy rather rigorously until his skills surpassed anyone?s expectations for someone of such a young age. Bach suffered early trauma when his parents died in 1695. He went to go live with his older brother, Johann Christoph, who also was a professional organist at Ohrdruf. He continued his younger brother's education on that instrument, as well as introducing him to the harpsichord. The rigorous training on these instruments combined with Bach?s masterful skill paid off for him at an early age. After several years of studying with his older brother, he received a scholarship to study in Luneberg, Germany, which is located on the northern tip of the country. As a result, he left his brother?s tutelage and went to go and study there. The teenage years brought Bach to several parts of Germany where he...


Michelangelo was pessimistic in his poetry and an optimist in his artwork. Michelangelo?s artwork consisted of paintings and sculptures that showed humanity in it?s natural state. Michelangelo?s poetry was pessimistic in his response to Strazzi even though he was complementing him. Michelangelo?s sculpture brought out his optimism. Michelangelo was optimistic in completing The Tomb of Pope Julius II and persevered through it?s many revisions trying to complete his vision. Sculpture was Michelangelo?s main goal and the love of his life. Since his art portrayed both optimism and pessimism, Michelangelo was in touch with his positive and negative sides, showing that he had a great and stable personality. Michelangelo?s artwork consisted of paintings and sculptures that showed humanity in it?s natural state. Michelangelo Buonarroti was called to Rome in 1505 by Pope Julius II to create for him a monumental tomb. We have no clear sense of what the tomb was to look like, since over the years it went through at least five conceptual revisions. The tomb was to have three levels; the bottom level was to have sculpted figures representing Victory and bond slaves. The second level was to have statues of Moses and Saint Paul as well as symbolic figures of the active and contemplative life- representative of the human striving for, and reception of, knowledge. The third level, it is assumed, was to have an effigy of the deceased pope. The tomb of Pope Julius II was never finished. What was finished of the tomb represents a twenty-year span of frustrating delays and revised schemes. Michelangelo had hardly begun work on the pope?s tomb when Julius commanded him to fresco the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel to complete the work done in the previous century under Sixtus IV. The overall organization consists of four large triangles at...

Oscar Wilde

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was born in Dublin Ireland on October 16, 1854. He is one of the most talented and most controversial writers of his time. He was well known for his wit, flamboyance, and creative genius and with his little dramatic training showing his natural talent for stage and theatre. He is termed a martyr by some and may be the first true self-publicist and was known for his style of dress and odd behavior. Wilde, 1882 His Father, William Wilde, was a highly accredited doctor and his mother, Jane Francesca Elgee, was a writer of revolutionary poems. Oscar had a brother William Charles Kingsbury along with his father's three illegitimate children, Henry, Emily, and Mary. His sister, Isola Emily Francesca died in 1867 at only ten years of age from a sudden fever, greatly affecting Oscar and his family. He kept a lock of her hair in an envelope and later wrote the poem 'Requiescat' in her memory. Oscar and his brother William both attended the Protora Royal School at Enniskillen. He had little in common with the other children. He disliked games and took more interest in flowers and sunsets. He was extremely passionate about anything that had to do with ancient Greece and with Classics. Wilde during school years In 1871, he was awarded a Royal School Scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin and received many awards and earned the highest honor the college offered to an undergraduate, the Foundation Scholarship. In 1874, he also won the College's Berkley Gold Medal for Greek and was awarded a Demyship to Magdalen College, Oxford. After graduating from Oxford, Oscar moved to London with his friend Frank Miles, a well-known portrait painter of the time. In 1878 his poem Ravenna was published, for which he won the...

The History Of Greek Theater

Theater and drama in Ancient Greece took form in about 5th century BCE, with the Sopocles, the great writer of tragedy. In his plays and those of the same genre, heroes and the ideals of life were depicted and glorified. It was believed that man should live for honor and fame, his action was courageous and glorious and his life would climax in a great and noble death. Originally, the hero's recognition was created by selfish behaviors and little thought of service to others. As the Greeks grew toward city-states and colonization, it became the destiny and ambition of the hero to gain honor by serving his city. The second major characteristic of the early Greek world was the supernatural. The two worlds were not separate, as the gods lived in the same world as the men, and they interfered in the men's lives as they chose to. It was the gods who sent suffering and evil to men. In the plays of Sophocles, the gods brought about the hero's downfall because of a tragic flaw in the character of the hero. In Greek tragedy, suffering brought knowledge of worldly matters and of the individual. Aristotle attempted to explain how an audience could observe tragic events and still have a pleasurable experience. Aristotle, by searching the works of writers of Greek tragedy, Aeschulus, Euripides and Sophocles (whose Oedipus Rex he considered the finest of all Greek tragedies), arrived at his definition of tragedy. This explanation has a profound influence for more than twenty centuries on those writing tragedies, most significantly Shakespeare. Aristotle's analysis of tragedy began with a description of the effect such a work had on the audience as a "catharsis" or purging of the emotions. He decided that catharsis was the purging of two specific emotions, pity and...

Scholarship Essay About Goals

Ever since I was a young kid I have always been interested with aircraft. I was so curious of how airplane's fly. I remember taking my toys apart to see how it works. As a kid I wanted to go to the airport to watch the airplanes land and fly and pondered how this happens. Other kids wanted to go to the amusement places. As I grew older I became more and more interested in aircraft and the technology behind it. I always involved myself with aviation early on. I read books and magazines on aviation, took museum tours, built model airplanes. When I was younger my father would take me to aircraft repair facilities where I would watch in great fascination. In my teens, went up to the military bases and befriended many soldiers involved with aircraft and asked them numerous questions. I got to meet many aeronautics engineers and borrowed their old textbooks and read them till the wee hours of the morning. As technology improved with information superhighway, I logged on the web. Stayed up for hours and hours searching through web pages and web pages of information about aircraft and technology. I started my elementary school in the Philippines, then we moved to U.S. and continued my high school education and graduated. Enrolled at the CCSF to pursue my college education and now I am in the 2nd year in CCSF taking aeronautics. My goal now is to obtain my AS degree from the City College of San Francisco (CCSF) so I can transfer to a University and get a Bachelors degree and to continue for my Masters degree in Aeronautics Engineering. I will strive hard to reach the peak level of my career which is a Professor and hopefully to be an aeronautic professor so...

Circus Circus Enterprises Case Studies

Executive Summary: Circus Circus Enterprises is a leader and will continue to be in the gaming industry. In recent years, they have seen a decline in profit and revenue; management tends to blame the decrease on continuing disruptions from remodeling, expansion, and increased competition. Consequently, Circus has reported decreases in its net income for 1997 and 1998 and management believes this trend will continue as competition heightens. Currently the company is involved in several joint ventures, its brand of casino entertainment has traditionally catered to the low rollers and family vacationers through its theme park. Circus should continue to expand its existing operations into new market segments. This shift will allow them to attract the up scale gambler. Overview Circus Circus Enterprises, Inc founded in 1974 is in the business of entertainment, with its core strength in casino gambling. The company?s asset base, operating cash flow, profit margin, multiple markets and customers, rank it as one of the gaming industry leaders. Partners William G. Bennett an aggressive cost cutter and William N. Pennington purchased Circus Circus in 1974 as a small and unprofitable casino. It went public in 1983, from 1993 to 1997; the average return on capital invested was 16.5%. Circus Circus operates several properties in Las Vegas, Reno, Laughlin, and one in Mississippi, as well as 50% ownership in three other casinos and a theme park. On January 31,1998 Circus reported net income of 89.9 million and revenues of 1.35 billion, this is a down from 100 million on 1.3 billion in 1997. Management sees this decline in revenue due to the rapid and extensive expansion and the increased competition that Circus is facing. Well established in the casino gaming industry the corporation has its focus in the entertainment business and has particularly a popular theme resort concept....

Effect Of Civil War On American Economy

The Economies of the North and South, 1861-1865 In 1861, a great war in American history began. It was a civil war between the north and south that was by no means civil. This war would have great repercussions upon the economy of this country and the states within it. The American Civil War began with secession, creating a divided union of sorts, and sparked an incredibly cataclysmic four years. Although the actual war began with secession, this was not the only driving force. The economy of the Southern states, the Confederacy, greatly if not entirely depended on the institution of slavery. The Confederacy was heavily reliant on agriculture, and they used the profits made from the sale of such raw materials to purchase finished goods to use and enjoy. Their major export was cotton, which thrived on the warm river deltas and could easily be shipped to major ocean ports from towns on the Mississippi and numerous river cities. Slavery was a key part of this, as slaves were the ones who harvested and planted the cotton. Being such an enormous unpaid work force, the profits made were extraordinarily high and the price for the unfinished goods drastically low in comparison; especially since he invention of the cotton gin in 1793 which made the work all that much easier and quicker. In contrast, the economical structure of the Northern states, the Union, was vastly dependent on industry. Slavery did not exist in most of the Union, as there was no demand for it due to the type of industrial development taking place. As the Union had a paid work force, the profits made were lower and the cost of the finished manufactured item higher. In turn, the Union used the profits and purchased raw materials to use. This cycle...

Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of Trade Embargoes

Although I am a strong critic of the use and effectiveness of economic sanctions, such as trade embargoes, for the sake of this assignment, I will present both their theoretical advantages and their disadvantages based upon my research. Trade embargoes and blockades have traditionally been used to entice nations to alter their behavior or to punish them for certain behavior. The intentions behind these policies are generally noble, at least on the surface. However, these policies can have side effects. For example, FDR's blockade of raw materials against the Japanese in Manchuria in the 1930s arguably led to the bombing of Pearl Harbor, which resulted in U.S. involvement in World War II. The decades-long embargo against Cuba not only did not lead to the topple of the communist regime there, but may have strengthened Castro's hold on the island and has created animosity toward the United States in Latin America and much suffering by the people of Cuba. Various studies have concluded that embargoes and other economic sanctions generally have not been effective from a utilitarian or policy perspective, yet these policies continue. Evaluation of the effectiveness of Trade Embargoes Strengths Trade embargoes and other sanctions can give the sender government the appearance of taking strong measures in response to a given situation without resorting to violence. Sanctions can be imposed in conjunction with other measures to achieve conflict prevention and mitigation goals. Sanctions may be ineffective: goals may be too elusive, the means too gentle, or cooperation from other countries insufficient. It is usually difficult to determine whether embargoes were an effective deterrent against future misdeeds: embargoes may contribute to a successful outcome, but can rarely achieve ambitious objectives alone. Some regimes are highly resistant to external pressures to reform. At the same time, trade sanctions may narrow the...