Everything deserves an explanation. This was no different for King George III’s disastrous ruling resulting in the American Revolution. King George III is credited for the American Revolution and all the disasters and deaths that went with it. However, King George III was merely a scapegoat. Like so many cases that still occur in modern times, such as African Americans taking blame for white men’s crimes, King George III was a scapegoat for the English government. While many may argue that because George III was King, he is solely responsible. This however is not the case as the government was made of many branches and leaders. King George III may have been King during the time of the American Revolution, but rather than blaming King George for what he did, blame should instead be placed upon his hereditary genetics, his ministers and advisers, and the propaganda against him in America.
Whether a big or small part, luck has its role in everything. Heredity is ninety nine percent luck. King George III was unfortunate, and a lack of luck had everything to do with his life. George III couldn’t decide how he wanted to be born. He couldn’t decide whether to be born stupid or smart, rich or poor, or a natural leader or a follower. The common misconception is that King George III was born into an environment among the most gifted, richest, and most luxurious men in the World. This, however, is not the case. George II was often known as “Poor Fred.” He possessed “a small talent for music, a mild interest in games, and little else.” George III’s mother, Queen Caroline, was a “common woman and hated her son”. King George III was as unlucky in his heredity as in his environment. King George III was described as a “tissue of childishness and falsehood.” Even George III’s friends despised him; nevertheless his enemies. George III was “very stupid, really stupid.” Had he been born in different circumstances, it is unlikely that he could have earned a living except as an unskilled manual laborer. Simply because George III was passed down the throne does not mean that he was capable of running the country. George III in society would have been merely an unskilled laborer. The British could not have counted on him to make decisions regarding money, politics, and life and death. No one should have had that big of expectations for such a feeble man. George III was simply unequipped to lead such a powerful country, and by being forced to do so, George III had to listen to his advisers, which lead to his unpopularity. King George was eleven years old before he could read and even in adulthood, never mastered grammar, spelling, or punctuation. In England, there was not a strong sense of bond between families. King’s often killed their sons among other cruel acts. George II’s father for example, hated his father. He was in fact placed under house arrest and was only freed after the Cabinet persuaded King George I to do so. The politics of hatred and the politics of betrayal became a part of the environment of the adolescence and early manhood of the Kings. Therefore, King George’s relatives and family wouldn’t help George. The type of environment that the English royalty lived in was cold and cruel. Parents typically didn’t care about their kids. George II and Queen Caroline felt as if they had no obligation to George III. Poor George III was on his own and in a hopeless future.
Every human being seeks to advance. To do so, one must be able to manipulate and deceive. This was the case with King George III’s advisers, ministers, and government officials. This was made especially easy because of George’s lack of knowledge and mental retardation. King George was not only influenced in political aspects, but also in his private life. He failed to marry a beautiful woman he liked. Instead, he married a common woman based on the advice of his mother’s friend, Lord Bute. King George’s failure to make such an important and simply decision that would change his life forever by himself even in his private life depicts an incompetent man; which is what King George III really was. There was no way King George III was not going to be manipulated by much smarter men in Parliament on important issues, such as the American Revolution. George III’s cabinet was constantly changing. He couldn’t hold on to a permanent set of men to help him make decisions. Every time it was someone different, causing his first ten years as King in political chaos. King George III would first sign for the stamp act, and then later repeal it. He was under the palms of his advisers and had no mental ability to assess situations for himself. King George’s troubled mind was further penetrated by John Wilkes. Wilkes supported the American cause and the hate between him and King George III was mutual. Wilkes had the support of many, if not just as many as George III did. With Wilkes in control of the Whip groups in Parliament, King George stood no chance after England had lost the war. The Whigs were able to make a public perception defaming the King and the royal power as a whole. King George’s crippled mind was in complete chaos by this time and couldn’t handle much more. George III gave in as Marquis of Rockingham, the leader of the Old Corps of Whigs and one of George III’s enemies, demanded that he give America their freedom and to give up royal power while increasing Parliaments. The Whigs struck full force on King George III and placed the full blame of the failure of England in the American Revolution on King George III; the perfect scapegoat. After all, who better to blame than the King, the sole ruler of England. So while the general public saw George III as a man of evil and a man of greed, the actions performed were that of Parliaments.
Propaganda decides much of life. Elections are mostly propaganda. Commercial propagandas are used to sell items. Propaganda decides much of daily life decisions. Propaganda played a major part in American’s hatred of King George III. Not all of Americans fully supported the War. American leaders needed to change this. In order to gain independence, America needed to have the full support of its people and to be justifiable. King George III became the answer. American leaders portrayed King George III as a tyrant who was responsible for all the actions that the English had done to harm America. The Declaration of Independence and Common Sense did just that. In both, America blamed King George III for America’s injustice and gained moral in Americans by redirecting public resentment towards King George III. This brilliant plan by Jefferson and Paine worked. Scapegoating in fact could be seen even earlier in American history such as in early colonial times when rich landowners started racism and presenting African Americans as inferior in order to prevent rebellions such as Bacon’s Rebellion. By redirecting the unassurance that many Americans had about the Revolution towards King George III’s tyranny and unjust, American leaders such as Jefferson and Paine were able to gain support for the American Revolution. King George III was not only seen as a man of evil in America, but also in his own country. King George III had few friends in England and was picked on by Parliament. King George III was truly a man of hopelessness.
s is the type of man that was running England. There simply was no way for a man of George III’s comprehension, his lack of knowledge, and his mental retardation, to run a country. King George had no support from his family; as per English tradition. He was by himself. This led to Parliament, seeing an opportunity to take control, to manipulate and deceive the man. King George III was confused and bombarded with many things he simply did not understand. He ended up caving in to the pressure and doing whatever Parliament told him to do. He was their puppet. Therefore, Parliament should be held responsible because it was Parliament that ulimately made the decision. King George III was hated everywhere. American leaders did a very effective job of portraying him as a tyrant who wanted no good for America and the English Parliament was able to depict him as an incompetent ruler who didn’t deserve all the royal power. King George III lived in chaos and is possibly the unluckiest man ever to rule England. While King George III was the ruler of England at the time of the American Revolution, it was not his fault that he was incompetent. King George III was born incompetent and was then made a puppet under Parliament and therefore, a man of such knowledge and retardation, should not be held to his current reputation as a villain. If historians are looking for blame, human nature and genetics, the English Parliament, and American leaders are to be blamed for the American Revolution and England’s disaster.