3. Black People in a White People’s Country
This article is mostly about African people and slavery and the events that took place in the fifteen century and continued 400 years later. It describes the horrors of the middle passage and the Atlantic slave trade. Where it part takes in the largest force migration of people. No matter whom captain of the ship was you find detailing stories how horrifying it was. Having a ship which was only 12 yards in length and having decks only 3 ½ feet high. That most of slaves brought to the new colonies who died in the ship was not a concern since they were insured and the companies took the lost. That this mass enslavement of African slaves would greatly affect the white racial prejudice and continue in the coming years.
4. Deerfield Massacre
This was the massacre of a town in western Massachusetts by the French and Indians one night in 1704 misnamed in the French records “Guerrefille”. This shows how the French greatly didn’t like the English that it was not going to be an easy time. That there was no mercy shown here, because either the folks in this town were either going to be slain, mutilated or captured. And it depicts an event where the Indian capture the daughter of John William and she lived a life as an Indian. It also describe the Indians not as cruel as they are by showing how they let their captives dress their normal cloths and let them practice their beliefs. How this event that took place will ever change the English supremacy over North America.
6. Citizen Ben: A Worldly American’s Seven Great Virtues
According to Walter Isaacson he describes in depth and examines of Franklins values and offers. In which they say that Franklin was the true Father of the nation and not George Washington. Also how his seven virtues and aversion to tyranny, a free press, humor, humility, idealism in foreign, compromise, tolerance will ever effect our society. That he has given us a lot as a philosopher, statesman, author, diplomat, farmer, and printer. That’s how much he has transformed our nation and ideals in his eighty four years.
10. The Greatness of George Washington
Many argue about the legacy of Washington presidency that he was not greatest ranked third behind Lincoln and FDR according to the poll of 900 historians. Yet many say he should be the first in our hearts and was truly a great leader. How he brought our country back to its foot and help lead our country in the war. He did not resemble as any of the great generals like Alexander or Cromwell or Caesar. He earned his reputation and guarded as his country started to change. What he fears how that the French might invade and overthrow the government. Thanks to John Adams he appointed him commander of the army, and can now unite the federalist .It is his character that made him different from many other men. In which he was a noble man and above all others will to risk it all.
9. Miracle at Philadelphia
Which this event had took place at the convention where Franklin anticipated about. Describe that he had convinced Washington to attend since his presence will be a great importance how one another relied on. That Franklin had a strong will no matter his sickness he wanted to make to all the sessions. That he wanted to prove his points and arguments and the affairs of men. How his concern affect us today, that we should be paid for our labors, and his religious beliefs. Many others made a difference like Morris who framed the formula for signing “Done in convention”. And that if someone ask of what kind of government they devised was” a republic that old gentlemen would be proud to know that Americans have now kept it for two centuries” Franklin.
8. Thomas Jefferson and the Meanings of Liberty
That question of presentism on our society today. It was an irony a person of his stature would be against slavery, but bore children of his own slaves. He was a revolutionist and a man with many sides with his contradiction on slavery. How the author makes key point and argues in how we should remember our founding father. Yet he contributes with his great achievement the Declaration of Independence. He had laid the foundation and structure of UVA and education system. Many of his works, beliefs, and his attractiveness to labor saving devices set him apart from others. This great scholar made a change in our society, open the minds and view of many people like Kennedy, Patron, and Humboldt who all claim his greatness. Some questioned him to one of his work that if he meant to put women in the phrase “all men are created equal”.
11. The Personal Side of a Developing People
It describes the life style of the farmers and American people back then how they lived and how they carry themselves. From cloths on their back to the way they walk depending which part you are in. The condition back then in the early nineteenth century you will consider to be a standard for us. Most Americans had a hard time taking a bath Underwood said they had to break the ice to get water to wash their or hand. Southerners didn’t mind and washed them self in public view or by the wells. Many taverns back then were not best place to be at in where it’s infested with so many bugs. The life of many Americans in the early eighteenth and nineteenth century was not as great where they picked up bad habits and condition for themselves which cause effect on their society.
23. Runaways from a Hellish System
This was in the perspective of the South and how slavery was dealt there. They showed how a slave owner Rachel O’Connor was very close to her slaves and didn’t want to give them away, but had to since she promised to transfer some to Week a plantation owner. Not to many slave owners would care about their slaves that closely that all they wanted is make a profit. When slaves were sold or transferred many were separated from their families and would some couldn’t reunite with their families. During the sale of the slave it was very painful not knowing where you will be taken and be shackled down in the beginning and end of the sale. Any try to run away will be treated severely since that to be shipped in good state. Owners had used so called “negro dogs” in which case where Frederick Law said there wasn’t a specific type. They trained and only let them out to find the slaves, but later on it became illegal in many states. Many not able to be captured or unwilling to surrender was jailed for many months or years, most of them denied their owners that exposed the harsh condition they endured.
26. Lincoln’s journey to Emancipation
A self made man honest, god-fearing, and complex with much side he is intense countrymen. To his journey that led him to the Emancipation Proclamation and also to the Thirteenth Amendment which made it permanent. That made slavery his big issued and how he saw first what had happen to a slave that he hated human bandaged. At times you see him solving problems and arguments. And many others trying to undermine and protest his efforts and making slavery a wide spread the states. That he strives to restore order in the union at the time of the Civil War. That gave many the urge to work with Lincoln to rid slavery. Even though he couldn’t prevent the events of the war he said he that he had let them controlled him. He ha come a long way and perhaps be known for the one who save and gave hope to the country.
13. The Duel
On July 11, 1804 Burr and Hamilton met for a duel in New Jersey. Hamilton had been a major member in Washington’s cabinet and Burr had served as Jefferson’s vice-president. They were also personal and political enemies. A war of words had led Burr to challenge Hamilton to the duel. In which both parties resulted in casualties, but Hamilton died the day after. Where you can say that Burr career had ended. Questioning the fact that who fired first and with what intentions did them has. Bringing the fact that Hamilton had fired first and then Burr delaying and shooting a couple seconds later. Author describes “the full meaning of the duel had led us backwards, that it was just purely personal jealousies.”
21. Trails of Tears
Referred to as, one of the saddest events in American history. In which it partakes as General Winfield Scott with the regiment to the Cherokee country, an by ordered and power of the president by the treaty of 1835 to move to the west of Mississippi. Having troops covering thousand of acres it makes escape hopeless. Due to the fact that Andrew Jackson despises the Indians said that we could not get along together. Many tribes moved to the west and some stayed united and didn’t give up and stood firm. In this turmoil it led to they say a political whirlpool, that their were a lot of people that
Antijackson and many supported him because he had promised with he was voted to presidency he would free up the land for the settlers. There were many events that occur afterwards like the movement of thousands of Indians in the steamboat and Tsali brother ands were arrested and were to be shot to death. And to this day the Cherokee remembered this as the “trails where they cried” or the “trails of Tears.”
14. The Great Chief Justice
This was a little biography of John Marshall and his way of becoming of the highest judicial court in the federal system. He was born on September 4, 1755 in Fauquier, Virginia. And he was the oldest of fifteen children and a distant relative of Thomas Jefferson. Marshall had worked under Washington at Valley Forge and became one of the most loyal supporters. And later on became Washington biographer and describe his life and standing against anyone who oppose his federalist philosophy. He attended William and Mary, but only for a few weeks and made a great and lasting impression to his professor. Weeks before his birthday he appeared before the court house with his license signed by Jefferson. First couple of cases was not as important yet he did do well, but will be later on become famous for the cases he is involved in. As years past many case appeared and made one of the important decision that will have lasting effects. At the age of eighty he died at Philadelphia on July 6, 1835 and was brought back to be buried in Virginia.
25. The Father of American Terrorism
A death of a man that will forever change slavery , and the events that happen in Harper’s Ferry .Brown was consider as competing legend a hero to the abolitionist and a evil syndicated man to slaveholders. Born in 1800, and will later become interested in the abolitionist. He is the father of American terrorism and the greatest influence that impacted the nation at that time. A man who bore twenty children and nine of them died before adulthood and a man who lost his wife. That stood up for what he believes in and made others a believer. In which his story today is still unanswered if he was still a murderer or a martyr.
27. The Ravages of War
This was the time of the Civil War, where it depicts the horrifying images of the war. Where many young men had volunteer to join in the cause and many who didn’t get to see their families again. Diseases were more prone to the soldiers overcrowding the field hospitals. That this war had the most deaths of any other war we had later on. Many missing and injured and the few that survive had to face another problem. And losses in the war kept growing with every movement. The damages and losses and support of the war brought the country down to its knees costing billions of dollars to rebuild. And they say today if you ever visit the fields and listen closely you can still hear cries and echoes of the war.
Throughout the all the articles the one that really caught my eyes was The Duel between Burr and Hamilton. Since I can relate to it because when I was I high school I would be angry jealous and have many fights over simple little things. Just like how they did over their own personal jealousies. It made me remember at the time how I was such a fool that these simple little wasn’t worth it. That it was just my ego and now I try to better myself so I would not be in that situation. The one I had hate the most was the Trails of Tears. Because when I think about it now I still can’t believe it happen how they were treated. That our founding fathers fight so hard so that our nation could coexist. That one man ego was too big that he made the people move from their homeland. To me that makes me sick that we had those kinds of people back then.