United States Hawks And Doves
George W. Bush: US Elections
It all Started in 2001 after he beat the democrat nominee, Al Gore. 20th centaury seemed a good start with a man who Cited ‘Christ’, for He changed his heart, in an inquiry of televised Republican Presidential Debate in Des Moines, Iowa on December 13, 1999, where he was asked about “What political philosopher or thinker do you most identify with and why?” Bush’s appeal to religious values brought him 56% of votes in a Gallup poll from those who said they “attend church weekly” in 2000 and
64% in 2004. Bush expressed himself as “compassionate conservative” and promised to bring back honor and dignity to the White House. Bush
outlined an agenda that included a firm commitment to war in Iraq and Afghanistan, renewal of USA PATRIOT act, making earlier tax cuts permanent, and creation of an ownership society for his second turn of presidential nomination. In 2004, Bush’s campaign advertized against democrats who attacked him for the war in Iraq. The democrat nominee, John Kerry, portrayed Bush’s failure in Economy and Job growth and Bush claimed Kerry lack the vision necessary for the war on terrorism. All could not stop the Republic nominee and George W. Bush was re-elected for his second turn in office by the year 2005.
Internal Policy of Failure
An overlook to bush’s administration in his 8 years of presidency brings out evident results of political failure in economy, education, health care, social service and security, environment and global warming. Starting in 2001, he set meetings across the county to raise national support for his US$1.35 trillion plan on tax cut program —one of the largest tax cuts in the history of the United States. Bush argued that such a tax cut would create jobs by stimulating the economy; however, unemployment rose from 4.2% to 6.3% from January 2001 to June 2003, dropped by 1.8% as of July 2007. The nation’s poverty rate increased and the national dept had risen to US$8.98 trillion dollars; an increase for US$3.25 trillion since Bush took the office. The same downfall worked for his education and health policies for it lacked enough monetary backing as democrat Senator Kennedy commented “The tragedy is that these long-overdue reforms are finally in place, but the funds are not.”
His weak performance in Hurricane Katrina1’s Support put him under mourning criticism. Bush denied having received warnings about the possibility of floodwaters breaking through the dikes protecting New Orleans; yet, the presidential videoconference of August 28 showed the warning to president for overflowing of the levees was “obviously a very, very grave concern.” Bush claimed the responsibility of failures on the federal government’s part in their weak reaction to hurricane due to increase of critiques. The truth is Bush’s chairmanship was not but a destruction of United States’ internal policy, it was a shameful era of country’s presidential period ever.
War on Terror
September 11 Attacks
September 11 is a reminder of a tragic phenomenon that shook very foundations of the world. The twin towers of World Trade Center were brought to knees with the crash of two of the four hijacked airliners. The incident carried off some 2,750, apart from two other explosions which followed in an attack to Pentagon and a crash in Pennsylvania.
This was a turning point for Bush’s administration; he stated a war in response to Taliban and Al-Qaeda, sparked off the invasion to Afghanistan on October 7. Asking for Civil casualties! According to Marc W. Herold’s Dossier on “Civilian Victims of United States’ Aerial Bombing” the number of victims counted to at least 3,700 and up to approximately 5,000 civilians as the result of the United States aerial bombing2. Herold’s study omitted all those who later died of their injures and any indirect deaths when air strike broke off access to hospitals, foods, and electricity. Based on August 2007’s estimation of war’s losses, nearly 9,812 militants and 3,700 – 14,000 civilians were killed since October 7. The miseries are not confined to casualties and bring forth one of the most international disasters, so-called “Narcotics” —drugs. In 2000, Taliban issued a ban on opium production, which let to its cutback by as much as 90%. This procedure had noticeable diminution since the beginning of the war and by 2005 Afghanistan was once again the first leading opium producer in the world; thus, producing 93% of the world’s opium, Most of which converted to heroin and sold in Europe and Russia. To conclude war on drugs was a failure which dramatically gives the Operation Enduring Freedom —what US military named the war after NATO troops joined, or former CIA agents and authorities named as a pre-planed project, an essence of catastrophe since it totally influences the Taliban’s economical conditions.
Resurrection of War
On his second Speak of the Union Address he used the term “axis of evil” to describe countries he accused of seeking Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and sponsoring terrorism, consisting Iraq, Iran and North Korea. This idea later been criticized by media —as in the sci-fi Star War novel Labyrinth of Evil, supreme chancellor Palpatine uses the term of Triad of Evil when referring to the planets Flucia, Mygeeto, and Saleucami is an obvious punch on Bush’s Administration; Palpatine is the public persona of Darth Sidious, Dark Lord of the Sith, who seeks to take over the galaxy and install a Dictatorial Empire. Among his other speeches, Major General Yahya Rahim Safavi the chief commander of Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps of Iran has spoken of true axis of evil consisting of United States, Britain and Israel.
Within a short time, United States began an invasion to Iraq in March, 2003 accusing the country of developing biological and chemical weapons, and cooperation with Al-Qaeda. The Iraq War known as Second Gulf War resulted in the fall of Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein, who had been captured in December, 2003 and executed in December, 2006. This was not however the only gift from U.S. government to Iraqis, it adds up 1.2 million civilian Iraqi deaths estimated in September 2007 since the beginning of the war. In the last 5 years no evidence of existing Weapons of Mass Destruction and relationship with Al-Qaeda which U.S. used as excuse for the invasion were discovered in Iraq. The casualties are countless on both sides. No one can deny the fact that the war was lawless from the outset. The Center for Public Integrity, a Washington-base organization devoted to journalism investigation revealed that President Bush by himself lied 260 times and top officials in total lied 935 times. The War had become a national tragedy, a marsh of grief not only for Iraqi people who suffer the present disorder and chaos in their lands but also the American parents and soldiers who yet realized the blankness of words once the kept holy.
Is it all about Oil!
In fact, it’s difficult to separate United States’ tendency toward oil industry from its policies. In 1998, Dick Cheney remarked : “I cannot think of a time when we have had a region emerge as suddenly to become as strategically significant as the Caspian.” The oil and gas there is worthless until it is moved. The only route which makes both political and economic sense is through Afghanistan —Guardian Press. The goal was to take over the reserved oils and gas of central Asia controlled by Russia but faced with Taliban’s refusal to accept their conditions. Soon after overthrowing Taliban an agreement had been signed in the Turkmen capital, Ashgabat to prepare the way for construction of a gas pipeline from the Central Asian republic through Afghanistan to Pakistan. The building of Afghanistan’s pipeline is under discussion but currently suspended due to Afghanistan’s unstable political situation.
Another not mentioned United States’ pretext of Iraq invasion was its oil reserves.
Administration’s Decision for invading Iraq was stated 6 month before September 11th attacks in April 2001 and its military determination had nothing to do with 9/11 attack or any other motives but oil.
In fact, Bush’s cabinet agreed on military intervention in Iraq because it was considered to have destabilizing impact on the flow of oil to international markets in Middle East. After Saddam was captured and temporary government started training new Iraqi security forces to defend the country, United State promised over US$20 billion in reconstruction money in the form of credit versus Iraq’s future oil income.
Yet for the days to come, what we ought to recall is the Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld’s Address of February 26 that bore the utterance of democracy.
“We don’t take our forces and go around the world and try to take other people’s real estate or other people’s resources, their oil. That’s just not what the United States does, we never have, and we never will. That’s not how democracies behave.”
1) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
2) “Bush, Gore early front-runners for 2000” CNN news (2000-10-27)
3) “George W. Bush speaks at Sent-off in Orlando” (September 23, 2000)
4) “And now … four more years.” Guardian Unlimited (2004-11-04)
5) “$1.35 trillion tax cut becomes law” CNN Inside Politics Achieve (2001-06-07)
6) “Labor Forced Statics from the Current Population Survey” United States Department of Labor
7) ”Spending and the National Dept” Washington Times (2007-09-02)
8) “Bushes Trouble Shake the GOP Base” Pew Research Center (2006-06-06)
9) “Job losses in January raise recession fears” Reuters (2008-02-02)
10) “Bush seeks to ease American’s fear over economy” Reuters (2008-02-28)
11) “Bushes final challenge – Rescuing the economy” Monsters and Critics – US – (2008-1-2)
12) “A Sinking Presidency” U.S. News and World Report (2007-06-05)
13) “Hurricane Katrina Timeline”
14) “I don’t think anybody anticipated the breach of the levees.” George W. Bush to Good Morning America (2005-09-01)
15) Page 6, Transcript. Presidential Video Conference Briefing (2005-08-28) Retrieved from Katrina Transcript [PDF file] released by www.usatoday.com
16) “September 11 Attacks” Britannica Encyclopedia
17) “President Bush’s Address to joint sessions of congress” CNN Archive (2001-09-20)
18) Marc W. Herold’s Dossier Retrieved from news.bbc.co.uk on 2007-09-27.
19) Taliban Ban of Opium Retrieved from Unodc.org on 2007-09-27.
20) Reproduction of Opium Retrieved from Abcnews.go.com on 2007-09-27.
21) “Losing the war in Afghanistan” Boston Globe (2007-04-07).
22) Presidential State of Union Address (2002-01-02) Retrieved from Whitehouse Official Site.
23) “AXIS OF EVIL” PBS online news hour (2002-01-29)
24) “Seven Questions: Gen. David Petraus on winding down the surge” Foreign Policy Magazine interview (2007-12-17)
25) “Bush keep silent about his responsibility for his lawless war” PoliticalAffair.net (2008-02-08)
26) “The war in Afghanistan” PBS Frontline – the dark side Retrieved on 2008-02-09.
27) “It’s all about oil!” What Really Happened website Retrieved on 2008-02-09.
28) “What happened to Iraq’s oil money?” NBC News – Investigative Unit (2005-02-17)
29) “Secret US plans for Iraq’s oil” BBC News revealed on (2005-03-17)
30) “Iraq: Oil and Economy” About.com Retrieved on 2008-02-22.
31) “Is oil a motive for military conquest of Iraq? Read the evidence and decide for yourself.” Retrieved from thedabate.org on 2008-02-22.