What Happened To My Country Dude
We live in a time of many diverse social movements, political breaks and transitions. The end of the last century has brought on the collapse of the Soviet union and Yugoslavia, which enabled a group of countries to become independent, sovereign units. One of those was also Slovenia. Never before throughout history have we been independent. We have been put on the map in time, when technological revolution of the last couple of decades has brought on revolutionary new methods in dealing with nature and society and when the scientific progress is accelerating at an unbelievable pace. All the world is driven into a constant production of science, education and information, which in the end should enable each and everyone to live a safe, stable life and well-being. All these novelties are producing some sort of world society, global communication and also global markets. We talk of globalization. The term is known for a long time, but only in recent time has it become key element, when describing the trends in world evolution. So in the manner of those trends the world is becoming a global village. The national entities known as countries connect with one another, so that can jointly address the challenges of the era. Slovenia has become a member of one such formation in 2004 â€“the EU. So only 13 years after becoming independent, we are once more a part of a bigger community.
In my essay I will try to address the positive and negative consequences of globalization, how did they affect our country and what should be the direction, when dealing with globalization in the future.
When speaking of globalization, we must emphasize that this is a very complex and stratified conception. There is no common definition. If we put it into a simple and concrete way, we can say that: â€œGlobalization is a creation and strengthening of social relations, which are of global dimensions and can connect different places, so that local events are affected from great remoteness and vice versa.â€ (Giddens 1990 : 64) The term globalization has gotten a bit of a negative connotation in the last couple of years. But it is important that we acknowledge its positives as well as its negatives. Globalization can enable much smoother communication and informational accessibility, it is the basis of the abovementioned transnational unions, can provide you job opportunities basically anywhere in the world, and can someday even help introduce an improved view on democracy through electronic participation. On the other hand its neo-liberal strive for efficiency is making the people work force redundant, strengthens the global capital and its leaders, magnifies the split between rich and poor and weakens one nationâ€™s power to maintain itâ€™s identity, which is an especially important factor when talking about Slovenia.
Europe is a melting pot of many different nationalities, cultures, ethnicities, religions, but still it represents a ground for cohabitation from which the cultural, political, economical and geographical ties have derived. But inconsistencies occur when the strong, big nations begin prevailing. Cultural differences and ethic contrasts have only accelerated in the latter days. This is an especially grave problem for the small Slovenian nation, which is faced before a great task of defending itself against globalization, turbo capitalism and our dominant neighbors. Through history we have always been endangered. Even today we still find ourselves quarreling with our neighboring countries.
We have entered the EU in 2004 and with this act we have ensured our nations economic security. But what about sovereignty? Even if we exclude the EU, every new nation as it is has to abide the norms set up by the strong West-European countries in order to get itâ€™s recognition and that alone is paradox with which sovereignty is reduced. So that is why it is very important to preserve our knowledge of our own language and culture. But the reality seems that the western way of living is pretty much glorified and our political elite is not doing enough or perhaps lacks credibility to defend the Slovenian identity in politics, economy and media.
Another issue is the welfare system. Political and cultural conflicts are affecting citizens willingness to participate in social life, which are a result of bigger and bigger social class divisions. There is too much power in the economical elites, ecclesiastical structures are accumulating more and more social property. On the other hand the class of the most underprivileged is spreading. The free market endorsed by the neo-liberal theorist is creating such differences. The whole free market idea feeds of a constant progress and globalization and in practice means unemployment for some and managerial takeovers for others. Fertility is low, but is that a surprise? Young people are putting off the child birth for later periods in life. The young generations will pay high pension fees, they will take over big state debts, but on the other hand will have a better education and qualification. It is important that the globalizations shifts from just bare tool of the capital, so that all people start reaping the fruits of its profits and gains.
The problem is that is hard to address the social agenda if it has no political support. As Samuelson says â€œGlobalization presumes sustained economic growth. Otherwise, the process loses its economic benefits and political support.â€ We have achieved stable economic growth, but it seems that our government is more interested in pleasing the economic elites than the people themselves. Slovenia is young country embarking on a difficult path of dealing with globalization the best way possible. It is important to use the positives and to unite the people in common causes and not to aggravate the already difficult social situation. Since the whole process is inevitable it is important that we use it as a tool, an answer to worldâ€™s most difficult challenges. But this can only be achieved through strong political will to ensure equality and justice.
1.Giddens, Anthony (1990): The Consequences of Modernity.
Cambridge: Cambridge University
2. Della Port, Donatella (2003): Temelji politiÄne znanosti
Ljubljana : ZaloÅ¾ba Sophia
3.Samuelson, Paul : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Samuelson