Why Do People Fear Communism
22 May, 2007
Why Do People Fear Communism
A red handkerchief on a forehead, a gun on the shoulders, and a group of people with combat dress and extreme beliefs: there types of figures come to our mind when we think abut communist people. There are many people in the world who believe in communism and some people who are so impressed by its thought that they carry weapons thinking that they could change the country to a different kind of system, for example People’s Republic of China. Although the concept of communism is good, it does not work. People fear communism due to the following reasons like past acts of communism, self defeating nature, violence, terror and criminal activities.
Communism is the rule of a single party that suppresses the political powers of other parties. The parties try to establish the country as a casteless social organization, and the government is supposed to be chosen by all the people. In addition, the main theory of communism is proportional division of the resources among all people and division of the products of the resource among the people according to their abilities and needs (Kraljic). In modern society, communism is a social movement that tries to remove the “capitalist” by political revolution establishing a casteless group in a society where the goods are owned socially. The revolution is done either by using weapons or without using weapons (North). Thus, even the definition of communism is fearful because it talks about using weapon
The word “communism” first came from into the general use in France in the early 1840’s as a term to describe a “republic movement” that had emerged during July revolution in France. “Communists” were distinguished by their emphasis on equality and by their identification of the First French Revolution (Funch). The concept of communism has existed for thousands of years. The ancient Greeks, who invented democracy, gave a name for a time period called golden age where people could live together and could maintain peace and harmony. This was also a form of communism because people used to divide they have and work together, which is like a fundamental law of communism (Murphy). The ideology of communism came out of the two minds of two men, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who believed that private property was the cause of the poverty and it increased the number of low class people. Therefore, they came to settle on the idea that no one person should have control over production of goods, ownership of land, and management of funds. By that same token then, no one social class should be allowed to have control over these things. They went on a comment that the exploitation of the working class must end, and that end would be achieved through revolution. Once this was achieved, everybody would according to their abilities and then be paid accordingly.
In the past, it was said that American feared communism the most because of World War (North). As the World War was going to end, the Red Scare Movement was seen in United States, which was the same kind of movement that established communism in Soviet Union. The Red Scare movement was a communist movement which caused many violence and terror in America. In Russia, the similar violence and terror had resulted communism. The government of United States believed that the movement was because of allies of Russian government. American feared that the Soviet Union helped to spread communism all over the world by removing all other democratic government. Since, the Soviet Union occupied much of Eastern and Central Europe following World War II, many American believed that nation would continue militarily to spread communism. The government of the United States reacted to the fear of communism by attacking potential communist threats. They passed different acts passed to prosecute suspected communists, which produced violence in the country. This increased a fear of communism for citizens of United States.
Nowadays, the threat of communism is considered as a problem for the world. It is also true that these days communism is not linked with the communist Russia and prosperous China but it has changed its new features to some extent. The pattern of communism movement has been changed after the fall of communism in Eastern Europe (Stuart-Fox). A decade before, the reason of spread of communism was blamed to Russia and China and was thought that those countries used communism to weaken the capitalist countries, where the ownership is privatized, like Unites States. But now the communist movements scattered around the world are now struggling to construct locally relevant identities. For example, Maoist movement in Nepal and India is spreading (Khanal). This has become more fearful because before communism was used against few capitalist countries but now communism is spreading in many countries fighting the government.
The establishment of communism is fearful because it solves the problem just ideologically not practically. Although Communism is attractive to people in some developing countries, it is not a practical solution to their economic problems. There is a question of “privatization and ownership” in communism. For example, there is a question about the owner of lands and property. It might cause huge problem because there might not be any interest in people to work if they do something and its result is divided to all people in the society (Boone and Horder). People are not psychologically ready for this condition. Marx’s idea of concentration of wealth is faulty. His idea says that there should be no money in the world. A common person lives in a future that is also unsure of this future, whereas a wealthy person lives a very good life (Stuart-fox). It is a self defeating nature of the communist projects, and the fear that people have to forego their individual freedom and liberty in exchange for communal prosperity. Communist parties trample on individual right and liberty in the name of collective benefits (Boone and Horder). Among the five communist states in this world, China, Vietnam, and Laos have moved towards economic development, but those countries do not focus on major privatization. Cuba is in economic crisis and the North Korean government is said to be unsuccessful even though there are no signs of unstable government. In addition, there are communist guerillas fighting actively with the government of Philippines, Columbia, Peru, and recently in Nepal. When we give a glance to those countries, we see that those countries do not have good economic status. In this way, communism can fear people by putting the world into a huge economic disaster which would take a long year to overcome that problem.
Communism has an impression of repression, extortion by intimidation and force, killing and torture, forceful imposition of their deprivation of personal freedom to accomplish their goal. There are many communist countries, which have strong military control where people think that they are not treated well. Communism has resulted terror, torture, famine, mass killing, and massacres. Most of the authors have said that communism is not only the crime against humanity but also the crime against national and universal culture. For example, Stalin destructed hundreds of churches in Moscow and there was a wide scale of devastation of Chinese culture by Mao’s Red Guard (Murphy). Human rights of the people have been violated and abused in the pretext of protecting the people right (Khanal). We have witnessed many autocracies, where the power is in one group, committed by the communists in different parts of the world. Communism that began a struggle against inequality and feudalism later ended up them being oppressor to that who opposes them. The poor peasants opted for tough action against the strong rich and dominant power resulting in a violent communist revolution. The innocent people in the name of communism took up the arms to fight the repressive force and later they themselves adopted the same violent method to quell the innocent people that oppose them (Murphy). Some threatening language from communist leaders also has caused fear in communism. There is a saying from Mao, who was the leader of the communist party in China, “Political power comes from the barrel of the gun” (Khanal). This proves that most communist do not believe in peaceful dialogue and they only trust in weapons. Hence, this type of strong ideology and strategy might pull many people who are suffering from poverty. Since it can not address the problems, it might cause much chaos and suffering among the people. This is also one of the main fears of communism.
Fear of communism also comes from the increased criminal activities. Due to communism many people think that guns are only the solution of a problem and they will start gun fighting to make fulfill their demands. Many people will start to raise guns instead of working hard (Kraljic). This would increase violence and crime in the society and would be the cause of anarchy in a state. Communism is also unable to address the demand of woman problems (Rothenburg). Concept of feminism was well described in democracy so women were more attracted towards the democracy. Even though communists were trying to make a casteless country, they ignored women. So they didn’t get support from women and women are always afraid that if there was communism rule in the country then their rights would never be addressed.
Even though Communism has some strong viewpoints in society of different places, especially in poor countries and some influence in some prosperous countries, it is not the best way to solve the socio – economic problems of the countries. Since communism has the history of killing many people, it doesn’t foster human right. It encourages people to use weapons, which give a very bad message to the society. Thus we can conclude that the history, evidences, self defeating nature, weapons used of the communism and the violence caused by it shows that communism is the matter of fear.
Boone, Peter and Jakob Horder. Emerging From Communism: Lesson From Russia, China, and Eastern Europe. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1998.
Funch, Fleming. “Ming the Mechanic.” The news log of Funch. 3 December 2006. 17 April, 2007.
Khanal, Ajay Bhadra. “Fear of Communism.” Kantipur. 20 November, 2006. 20 April, 2007.
Kraljic, Matthew A. The Breakup of communism: New York: H.W Wilson Company, 1993.
Marx, Karl. Economy, Class and Social Revolution/ Edited With an Introductory Essay by J. A Jordan. New York: Scribner, 1975.
Murphy, Jonathan. “The Black Book of Communism” The Harvard University Press. 1 December, 2006.
North, Robert Carver. Moscow and Chinese Communists. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1963.
Rothenburg, Nina. “The Catholic and the Communist Women’s Press in Post – War Italy – An Analysis of Cronache and Noi Donne.” Modern Italy Nov. 2006: 285-304.
Stuart – Fox, Martin. A short history of China and Southeast Asia: Tribute Trade and Influence. Singapore: Victoria, 2000.