Anorexia Nervosa

2544 words, 11 pages

Intro Sample...

Anorexia Nervosa, or most commonly known as anorexia, is categorized as an eating disorder categorized by abnormally low body weight, intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of body weight.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the criteria needed for a person to be diagnosed with anorexia is that there needs to be a restriction of energy intake relative to requirements, leading to a significantly low body weight in the context of age, sex, developmental trajectory, and physical health. Significantly low body weight is defined as a weight that is less than minimally normal or, for children and adolescents, less than that minimally expected. There is an intense fear of... View More »

Body Sample...

There are also codes for the symptoms that are listed.

In Hudson (2007) study states that in a lifetime in total, people are likely to be diagnosed with anorexia about .6%. Females are more likely than males to be diagnosed at .9% prevalence and males are diagnosed at .3% prevalence. In a 12-month period, in total .3% of people are diagnosed with anorexia; .1% being males and .5% being females. In who develops this disorder, it is primarily seen in adolescence. Anorexia can develop in childhood. Symptoms can become worse around the time of puberty and when the adolescent is trying to figure out who they are and who they want to become. There are cultural factors that can come into play in the development of anorexia. Living in an industrialized country is one cultural factor, but seen more in developed economies. In some societies, there is an emphasis on thinness as beauty (Halmi 2005). Although the symptoms are similar across countries, there is a significant different response to weight gain. In the general population in the US over the past 40 years, there has been significantly increase. While in Asian countries, there is not the same phobic response to fat that is seen in western cultures (Becker 2011).

To understand anorexia, we have to look at the neurobiological understanding of it. According to Gaudio and Quattrocchi (2012), there is a difference in the precuneus and the inferior parietal lobe compared to a brain that does not have anorexia. Specifically the prefrontal cortex, insula, and the amygdala are affected. The precuneus and the inferior ...

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