Disease and disability can be words that can sometimes be interchangeable, and, as discussed in class, it is important to be able to distinguish the two words, especially since the two words, although sounding similar, actually have two completely different meanings. To put an exact definition, I used dictionary.com to search the proper definitions for the two words. According to dictionary.com, disease can be defined as “a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of a genetic or developmental errors, infection, poisons, nutritional deficiency or imbalance, toxicity, or unfavorable environmental factors”, but it can also be used as “any harmful, depraved, or morbid condition, as of the mind or society…” On the other hand, disability is defined as “lack of adequate power, strength, or physical or mental ability; incapacity” or “a physical or mental handicap, especially one that prevents a person from living a full, normal life or from holding a gainful job” or “anything that disables or puts one at a disadvantage.”
For the purposes of this class, the language used in dictionary.com is not exactly ideal and pro-people with disabilities. Dictionary.com, although for its purpose is fine, used the language that we have been taught not to use, the language where we define and label a person by their handicap or disability.
In my personal views, what I believe to be considered a disease is geared more towards an infectious sickness, yes, possible passed down by genetics and the like, but it has more of the biological and chemical sense to it. There is a very fine line to draw between disease and disability, but the first thing that comes to mind when I hear “disease” is more of a sickness that is similar to a cold or the flu, although I know that that is not an accurate statement. Disease could also be considered a gradual decline in health rather than the slightly larger decline such as in disabili View More »