Down Syndrome

4824 words, 20 pages

Intro Sample...


Development Psychology

Love a four letter word that many will take and throw around as though the word is a ball to be toyed with. One seeks to have someone say “I love you” no matter what their ability is as being mentally challenged or not. A parent does not love his or her child any less if he or she suffers an illness such as that of Down syndrome (DS). In order to completely understand how the love of a mother and father can be given to a child with such a disability, the individual needs to gain an understanding of what Down syndrome is. The reader of this paper will learn how Down syndrome got the name, what Down syndrome is, the case for this disorder, the facts that are known of Down syndrome. The methods used to test... View More »

Body Sample...


Even though Waardenburg and Bleyer had their suspicions of the mental disorder going beyond the physical features, “Jerome Lejeune and Patricia Jacobs, working independently, first determine the cause to be trisomy (triplication) of the 21st chromosome” which occurred in 1959 reports Leshin (2003).

By knowing that Down syndrome may also be called “trisomy 21” or “trisomy G” the cause of this extra genetic material being passed on to a child is still unknown to scientist today. Down syndrome “is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically” reports the Nemours foundation (2009). While scientists continue their studies and research on the reasons for why this occurs there seems to be no method of prevention for this occurrence within individuals passing this chromosome on. Any individual should know from learning in biology that “chromosomes are thread-like structures composed of DNA and other proteins. They are present in every cell of the body and carry the genetic information needed for that to cell to develop” provides Leshin (2009). As the reader may recall a human has 46 chromosomes which are arranged in 23 pairs. Of the 23 pairs, 22 of the chromosomes are identical in the male and female known as “autosomes.” The last pair that is not identical is the ones that help to determine what sex a person will be making these the sex chromosomes “X and Y.”

The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) states, “three genetic variations can cause Down Syndrome” (2008). ...

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