Bacterial pneumonitis- also called bacterial pneumonia. This type of pneumonitis results when bacteria are inhaled and settle in the lungs. The infection causes irritation, swelling, and congestion in the lungs. Bacterial pneumonitis is usually caused by bacteria called either pneumococcus or streptococcus pneumoniae.
A cough and difficulty of breathing are the most common signs and symptoms of pneumonitis you have, but having these problems doesnt necessarily mean that you have pneumonitis. Specialized tests are often necessary to make a diagnosis.
Medications are used to treat some causes of pneumonitis, but other types of pneumonitis can be cued by simply avoiding the substance that triggers inflammation. Identifying and treating pneumonitis promptly is important, because untreated pneumonitis can lead to lung scarring and permanent difficulty of breathing.
The most common signs and symptoms of pneumonitis are:
Difficulty of breathing
A general feeling of being unwell
Other signs and symptoms depend on the type of pneumonitis that you develop. For example, if you breathe in chlorine gas, causing chemical pneumonitis, you may experience a burning feeling in your chest. Chest pain is a feature of radiation-induced pneumonitis. Signs and symptoms of pneumonitis may last anywhere from several hours to days or even longer.
Tests and diagnosis
Pulmonary function test- this refers to a series of tests that evaluate how well your lungs are working. A common pulmonary function test, called a spirometry, measures the amount of air that youre able to inhale and exhale in a specific period of time. Your doctor may also measure how efficiently your lungs transfer gases from the air into the bloodstream.
Bronchoscopy- is a procedure used to view your airways and collect samples from your lungs. In order to make you as comfortable as possible during the procedure, your doctor wi View More »