Review Of Literature

1972 words, 8 pages

Intro Sample...


In today’s society, many people over the age of 20 begin to lose strength and flexibility in their core, hamstrings, glutes, and back. This can lead to many problems with the lower back especially. The back is an intricate structure consisting: 24 vertebrae, muscles, other tissues and the spinal column (Fields, 2016). It has 3 different curves that forms an “S” shape in the back. The lower back is the lumbosacral region of the back and contains the first Lumbar vertebra through the first sacral vertebrae, and is where the lordotic curve forms (Kravitz, n.d.). There are many different reasons one can experience low back pain but some of the main causes are the more mechanical issues like lack of flexibility, endurance and strength. Low... View More »

Body Sample...


d.). Unfortunately today, there are so many opportunities for us to shorten muscles in these areas. When muscle are shortened and tightened they have lost flexibility or “stretchiness.” Less flexible muscles can limit joint mobility, increasing the risk of back problems (Harvard, n.d.). Most people who have complained about low back pain typically have limitation in several movements of the pelvis and trunk (Kravitz, n.d.). This is due to lack of flexibility in the areas mentioned above, especially one in particular, the hip flexors. When your hip flexors are tight, there is an anterior pull on the pelvis, altering your posture and inhibiting your glutes causing a muscle imbalance (Beckham, 2016). This essentially limits your pelvic mobility and can cause a strain on the lumbar spine (Kravitz, n.d.), thus creating a pain in lower back region.
Hamstrings and hip extensor muscles are another source of limitations in mobility if flexibility is lacking in that area. When the hamstrings are tight, they pull the pelvis down and create more pressure for the lower back (Therien, 2017). This is a big source of back pain, and stretching them out can help to improve some of the pain. Having tight hamstrings also risks, affecting the lordotic curve as well, impairing spinal loading (Kravitz, n.d.). There are many stretches out there that can help to alleviate some of this pain by increasing the flexibility, just by doing them every day.
Flexibility doesn’t just relieve back pain! It can also increase the range of motion in your pelvis, reduce your risk for injury, improve your ...

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