5 cm thick. (Ch.10 page 292) The liver may be measured from the tip of the liver to the diaphragm. The measurement is less than 15 cm, with 15 to 20 cm representing the upper limits of normal. (Ch.6 page165) The normal bile duct has a length of up to 6 mm. (Ch.7 page 204) The spleen is of variable size and shape. It is normally measures 8 to 13 cm in an adult. (Ch.11 page 358) The normal length of the pancreas is about 15 cm, from head to tail, with the range extending between 12 and 18 cm. The head is the thickest part of the gland, and it measures 2.0 to 3.0 cm. (Ch.8 page 238) The adrenal gland size is usually smaller than 3 cm. It is 3 to 6 cm long and 3 to 6 mm thick and 2 to 4 cm wide. (Ch.12 page 380) The abdominal aorta measures 2 to 3 cm. After it proceeds inferiorly to the bifurcation into the iliac arteries, it will measure 1.0 to 1.5 cm. (Ch.5 page 104)
Textbook of Diagnostic Ultrasonography. Sixth Edition. Sanda L. Hagen-Ansert. Volume One.
In Clinical Guide to Ultrasonography, Charlotte Henningsen states that the normal size of the liver is 15 to 20 cm in length. (Ch.2 page 21) The kidneys are bean-shaped organs which measure 11 x 7 x 3 cm. (Ch.5 page 60) The spleen is normally less than 13 cm in length. [Ch.8 page 105) The pancreas is 12 to 15 cm in length. (Ch.4 page 51] There are no measurements for adrenal glands in this book. Lastly the measurement for aorta in the AP diameter is 3 cm or greater in the longitudinal plane. (Ch. 10 page 136)
Clinical Guide to Ultrasonography. Charlotte Henningsen. View More »