The West Nile Virus

2022 words, 9 pages

Intro Sample...


The West Nile Virus, a member of the Flaviviridae family and listed under Flavivirus for its genus, is a foreign disease to the United States originating from Africa. If transmitted to humans, flulike symptoms and those similar to encephalitis may occur. The West Nile Virus was first introduced to the United States in 1999 in New York City, which then spread through much of the Americas within six years (Di Giallonardo et al. 2016 and VanDalen et al. 2013). The virus was spread because of the large mosquito population, which was also transmitted to the avian population. In order to understand the West Nile Virus, it must first be observed through the large populations that house it, find out what makes it thrive, then track and eliminate... View More »

Body Sample...


Mosquitoes surviving an infection is not as simple as it sounds; there are various challenges they must face. Mosquitoes are very unpredictable with how they react with their environment and any changes made to their environment (Brown et al. 2015).

One experiment used a device called the Dynamic Mosquito Simulation Model (DyMSiM) to simulate different environments for mosquitoes to live in. This device first looks at the quantity of the mosquitoes and then controls the temperature in a way that it will affect the mosquitoes’ growth and development. Through this device, mortality rates caused by temperature can be observed in the mosquito population as well as how temperature affects the accessibility of water (Brown et al. 2015). Considering how large the United States is, testing mosquitoes in various temperatures would yield better and more diverse results, considering all the different climates the country has. Testing in various conditions can also lead to more information about the survivability of the West Nile Virus itself and how it can live in different hosts all throughout such a large country.

The primary group of organisms that mosquitoes end up transmitting the virus to and show a strong connection in results are the avian species. Through mosquitoes, information on transmission and how it is spread throughout the United States was obtained, but not enough information was gained just by looking at these mosquitoes. Scientists then looked at the avian species. Other than the fact that the West Nile Virus was transmitted to birds, scientists saw that ...

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