person is not they will continue to obey because at least this way they feel as if they are a
part of that power. Throughout history man has not been able to do this and as a result the
majority of people has been kept under the authority of the minority. It has been taught
that disobedience is wrong and obedience is right, thus the ability to keep the masses
under control. In order to break free from the masses it is necessary to disobey and then
know true freedom.
Adolf Eichmann, who was responsible for many deaths, stated after being
captured that he was only following orders. Fromm then concludes that people have
become so ingrained in the process that they often no longer even realize that they are
obeying, thus making it nearly impossible to break the cycle.
First, there are several fallacies in Fromms article. Fromm states that Adam and
Eve were a part of the garden, not above it. That they had to disobey to break this bond
with nature, in order to free of it. That to be fully human man must learn to rely on his
own powers. Yet according to the NIV Bible the story of Adam and Eve goes quite
differently. It states that God made man, and that man was to rule over all the earth (NIV
Bible, Gen.1:26). Mans time in the garden is what Fromm call pre-human. Yet Adam
and Eve were human, it does not seem accurate that this could be called pre-human
period. Maybe if Fromm used a different term in describing this time it could be
considered a little more accurate.
The second fallacy in Fromms article is he states that within five to ten years,
from 1963, it is possible and probable that humans will destroy the civilization and all life
on earth. This is a hasty generalization, in which he is al View More »