Henry Viii And Protestantism In England

1911 words, 8 pages

Intro Sample...

Before the reign of King Henry VIII in England, Catholicism was a very strong influence; The Roman Catholic Church was the center of the people’s loyalty and held firm control over their actions. However, the relations between England and the Catholic Church drastically shifted when Henry’s personal life began to interfere with politics. When Pope Clement VII refused to annul Henry’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon, Henry initiated a split with Rome, and unknowingly laid the foundations on which England would be transformed from a Catholic into a Protestant nation.
Under the reign of Henry VII, father of Henry VIII, England sought to provide stability, prestige, and power to the maturing Tudor house. To do so, Henry VII proposed a... View More »

Body Sample...

Henry decided to remove the English Church from papal jurisdiction. The English Court granted the dispensation for Henry’s annulment in 1533, to which Clement VII responded by annulling the annulment and excommunicating Henry. Once he was excommunicated, the Supremacy Act was passed in 1534, declaring that the King of England would also serve as the head of the Church of England. However, not all members of Parliament knew that by passing the Supremacy Act, they were also voting for an official break with Rome. The decisive schism was accompanied by a mandatory loyalty oath to the king by all subjects.
Henry VIII’s Act of Supremacy was not an introduction to Protestantism; he reaffirmed Catholic dogma in the Statue of Six-Articles in 1539. The Six-Articles preserved transubstantiation, clerical celibacy, the sanctity of monastic vows, auricular confession, and private masses, and declared the denial of any of these to be heresy. However, when Henry dissolved first the smaller and then the larger monasteries in 1536 and 1539, he unconsciously paved the way for Protestant development. As Henry’s opposition to the papacy grew, the production of English tracts depicting the papacy as the political and religious enemy of his subjects expanded correspondingly. Since alliances with Spain and France were broken by his annulment with Catherine as well as Protestant tendencies in England, Henry sought to establish ties with the German Lutheran cities. This, along with Anne Boleyn’s promotion of Protestant bishops, gave unprecedented breathing space to Protestantism in ...

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