Issues In Reconstruction

317 words, 2 pages

Intro Sample...


NES140

The main issues that center around the reconstruction the life of Muhammad are the validity and extent of validity of sources. Most sources are dated to two or three centuries after Muhammad passed, so this can also make sources questionable, although many believe that they are preserved because of the Islamic verbal tradition.
Controversy within sources mainly lies in hadith material. Ignaz Goldziher was one of the first scholars to challenge the validity of the hadith material, material that was before used by most scholars. He stated that the origin of the information is not clear, making the hadiths unreliable. In addition, without a basic chronological and topographical framework provided by the Muslim tradition, even sources like the Qur’an become almost useless for a historian trying to compile a biography on Muhammad.
Still, many historians continued to write historical accounts of Muhammad. Many believed that although many sources may not be reliable, the critical mind could reconstruct what really happened. Other historians instead just insert disclaimers in their books. These disclaimers basically state that the information presented might be from historically unreliable sources. So why did historians still use these sources? This fringes upon the fact that it is “not possible to write a historical biography of the Prophet without being accused of using the sources uncritically, while on the other hand, when using the sources critically, it is simply not possible to write such a biography “. Through all of the controversy and all of the doubts, everyday new developments in research arise, and some sources become more reliable and others less reliable. It will be interesting to see how information changes, and what new historical accounts emerge in the future, and how historical information on Muhammad will change over time. View More »

Read More

Related Essays on Issues in Reconstruction

  • Jurnal

    430 words, 2 pages

    Lukasz Pomian African American Literature Professor S.Tretter 10 February 2010 Journal The period of Reconstruction was a time in which gender roles, class hierarchies, and racial discrimination were scrutinized and re-examined. During that time, limited suffrage rights were granted to black men, there was the burgeoning feminist movement and the abolition of slavery. Also, the Civil War had just ended, and black men and women were needed in the workforce. Such great change in a short period of time is almost too much for me to conceive of. An African American perspective of

    View Document »

    Haiti

    7589 words, 31 pages

    Haiti From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Republic of Haiti République d'Haïti Repiblik Ayiti Flag Coat of arms Motto: "L'Union Fait La Force" (French) "Linyon Fe Lafòs" (Haitian Creole) "Strength through Unity" Anthem: La Dessalinienne Capital (and largest city) Port-au-Prince 18°32?N 72°20?W? / ?18.533°N 72.333°W? / 18.533; -72.333 Official languages French, Haitian Creole Ethnic groups Black 95%; Mulatto and White 5%[1] Demonym Haitian Government Presidential republic - President René Préval - Prime Minister Mich

    View Document »

    Import Performance

    11140 words, 45 pages

    Banking Sector Performance, Regulation and Bank Supervision Chapter-5 32 other hand, PCBs' deposits in 2006 amounted to Taka 955.5 billion or 51.3 percent of the total industry deposit against Taka 731.3 billion or 47.0 percent in 2005. FCBs' deposits in 2006 rose by Taka 38.2 billion or 33.9 percent over the previous year. The DFIs' deposits in 2006 were Taka 100.2 billion against Taka 89.5 billion in 2005 showing an increase of 12.0 percent over the year. Aggregated Balance Sheet 5.4 Assets: Aggregate industry assets in 2006 registered an overall increase by 17.8 percent over 2

    View Document »

    The Sporting British

    17557 words, 71 pages

    CONTENTS |Introduction |2 | |Main part |3 | |The British. The main features of the British character. |3 | |History of british sport |5

    View Document »

    Foreign Investments In Central Asia: Past, Present, And Future

    7354 words, 30 pages

    GEO55 Introduction Since their independence in 1991 Central Asian states have each struggled to keep up with the innovations and economies of the modern world. Much of the development in each country is contingent upon the ability for countries to gain foreign investment to build infrastructure and economies. In this paper I will analyze the state of Central Asian economies as they pertain to the natural resources, infrastructure, human resources, and government in each respective state. Each of these four categories helps define the current state and the future of foreign investment i

    View Document »

    Racial Profiling

    1899 words, 8 pages

    Racial profiling has been around for many years, with laws such as the "Black Codes", which were created during the reconstruction in the South. These laws imposed severe restrictions on freed slaves such as prohibiting their right to vote, forbidding them to sit on juries, limiting their right to testify against white men, carrying weapons in public places and working in certain occupations; and the “Jim Crow” laws, which were laws that discriminated against African Americans with concern to attendance in public schools and the use of facilities such as restaurants, theaters, hotels, cinemas

    View Document »

    Infra

    7061 words, 29 pages

    P. Kapur Adviser, RITES and A. K. M. Sharma General Manager, Marketing & Client Services, RITES. Prologue RITES Journal 22.1 July 2009 Indian Infrastructure : Role of RITES Introduction Much of the industrialized world is currently in the grip of recession due to the ongoing global financial crises (GFC) – allegedly triggered by the subprime mortgage crisis of USA in 2007. According to some analysts the recession is the worst since the great depression of 1930s. The world output and trade is forecast to shrink in 2009 – the first such contraction since the end of World War II. The

    View Document »

    The Rise And Fall Of Europe

    881 words, 4 pages

    In the early 20th century Europe had acquired global dominance. Primarily its progress was due to the Industrial Revolution. However, there were many other factors that contributed to the rise of Europe. The first was the formation of alliance systems, which allowed for long term relationships between countries. Next was a sense of nationalism, which gave countries unity and allowed them to work together for the good of their country. Another factor was militarism and the arms race. Each country wanted to show their power through the military, even though they didn’t want to fight. Two

    View Document »

    Violence Against Women

    2153 words, 9 pages

    A)Violence against Women -Wrestling with manhood -Violence is connected to manhood (real men invite confrontation, trash talk) -Fear and respect go hand in hand -Bark like a dog (subordination of women is part of the “man” package) -Comparison to women as a challenging idea (you are a “bitch”) -Chyna becomes so strong, she is stripped of femininity (later rejects public image) -violence as “deserved,” even really crazy awful sexual violence (“bark like a dog”) -“...it's only entertainment.” -Sex Trafficking (Trade) B)Gender

    View Document »

    Historical Timeline And Essay

    2904 words, 12 pages

    FINAL PROJECT: HISTORICAL TIMELINE AND ESSAY Final Project: Historical Timeline and Essay Jennifer Mullins Axia College of the University of Phoenix Historical Timeline and Essay: The Civil War The first shots were fired on April 12, 1861 from Fort Sumter, South Carolina beginning a four-year battle that would end on April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered in Appomattox, Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, ending what became known as the American Civil War (Davidson, Gienapp, Heyrman, Lytle, and Stoff, 2006). In the aftermath of the Revolutiona

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!