Us Civil War And Reconstruction

2268 words, 10 pages

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Instructions: Each of you must type 10 detailed letters about either Augusta County, Virginia, or Franklin County, Pennsylvania and how life there changed from 1860 to 1865. Your source will be the website titled "Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the Civil War" at http://valley.vcdh.virginia.edu/choosepart.html. You may also find it easily by googling "Valley of the Shadow." Each letter is worth 10 points out of a total 100 points, and you should put all your letters into one word document, so that you send me only one attachment. Double-space each letter, leave generous margins and you should e-mail it to me as a word document attachment at [email protected] You should also cut and paste... View More »

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• Bell districts were poorer than the county average. They held slaves in the same proportion as the county average, but their overall household wealth fell significantly below average. They devoted much more of the crop production to corn.

Franklin and Augusta Statistics:
• Franklin farms were more intensely cultivated, and held a much higher average value per acre of improved and unimproved land across all soil types. In Augusta the larger the farm size the lower the average value by acre.
• Augusta was larger by a factor of 22 percent, but contained a higher percentage of land poorly suited for agricultural purposes.
• Augusta County's massive personal estate valuation represented holdings in human property--slaves. In the value of real and personal estate, Augusta County's white residents held wealth on a per capita basis double that of the residents of Franklin County ($1112 per capita in Augusta to $633 in Franklin).
• In both counties propertyless heads of households made up only a small percentage of the population. In both Augusta and Franklin nearly half of the households did not own any land.
• Augusta and Franklin's difference in land value by acre and average farm value differed markedly but in a pattern shared by other counties on the border region. In general, non-slaveholding Northern counties along the border had a much higher value per acre than their southern neighbors. These counties, however, also had a lower average farm value.
• Augusta County remained steady as a percentage of Virginia's total population between 1820 and 1860, growing ...

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