Some species of plant and animal are better able to survive in acidic water than others. Freshwater shrimps, snails, mussels are the most quickly affected by acidification followed by fish such as minnows, salmon and roach. These species survive depending on each other because of the food chain, and when one kind of fish completely declines other species that prey on it will eventually disappear. Forests suffer from acid precipitation too because acid precipitation slows down the process of their growth, and eventually trees begin to die or get a disease. Acid precipitation may wash away necessary nutrients or minerals from soil that contributes to its growth; releases noxious substances such as aluminum into the soil; washes away the upper waxed layer of leaves which is essential for photosynthesis process. Buildings dont begin to erode as acid rain falls; erosion always occurs but acid rain makes the process quicker than it was. Some statues made of limestone or sandstone gets eroded faster.
Lastly, the ways of reducing the harm of acid precipitation. Burning fossil fuels is the cheapest way to produce electricity but produces so much pollution, so we should find a way of getting electricity cheaper than burning fossil fuels. Governments need to spend more money on pollution control even if it does mean an increase in the price of electricity. Government should invest money for researching new ways of producing energy. Sulphur can also be 'washed' out of smoke by spraying a mixture of water and powdered limestone into the smokestack.
There are simpler ways of reducing acid precipitation such as walking; cycling instead of using an automobile and/or government should supply more public transportation to encourage people to take the bus instead of driving. Walking is not just beneficial to the environment it is extremely beneficial to your health. In many ways, human activ View More »