Describe The Degree To Which Each Contributing Discipline Psychology Sociology Social Psychology And Anthropology Has Contributed To The Discipline Of Organizational Behavior

2009 words, 9 pages

Intro Sample...

Organizational behavior (OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectiveness.
OB is an applied behavioral science that is built on contributions mainly from four disciplines: Psychology, Social psychology, Sociology, and Anthropology. In which, psychology’s contributions have been mainly at the individual of analysis, while the other disciplines have contributed to our understanding of group process and organization.
• Psychology is the science that seeks to measure, explain, and sometimes change the behavior of human and other animals. Its contributions to OB study... View More »

Body Sample...

Hopefully individuals are more likely to have established functional goals and multiple means of attaining the same goal, providing them with directed motivation to work towards mentioned goals on a daily basis. When faced with negative outcomes, the optimistic individual will likely to avoid the deviant absenteeism behavior because of negative emotions associated with the failure (James et al., 2006).
Social psychologists have some contributions to OB through their investigation in the area of group decision-making. The exchange and sharing information is an important process in decision-making groups. The ability of groups to consider more information and to consider information from diverse sources is the primary reason that groups are expected to make better decisions than individuals acting one.
In their studies, Gigone and Hastie (1993) showed that groups tended to be more accurate than their average members only when the task involved a demonstrably correct solution. In the present task, then, a group's judgments would not be expected to be more accurate, on average, than the mean of its members' judgments, at least in the fully shared information control condition. However, with differential distribution of information among group members, a group could have the potential to judge more accurately than the average of its members. Valuable information that was withheld from some group members before their member judgments could be pooled during the group discussion. Thus, whereas the members would typically make many of their judgments without the aid of some ...

Read More

Related Essays on Describe The Degree To Which Each Contributing Discipline Psychology Sociology Social Psychology And Anthropology Has Contributed To The Discipline Of Organizational Behavior

  • The False Promise Of Organizational Culture Change

    14747 words, 59 pages

    Journal of Management Studies 40:5 July 2003 0022-2380 The False Promise of Organizational Culture Change: A Case Study of Middle Managers in Grocery Retailing* Emmanuel Ogbonna and Barry Wilkinson Cardiff University; University of Bath The strategic importance of managing organizational culture has been a central theme in organizational literature over the past two decades. But relatively little attention has been given to the impact of culture change initiatives on managers. This paper reports on the impact of a programme of culture change on managers at one o

    View Document »

    Organizational Psychology

    3233 words, 13 pages

    What is Organizational Psychology? Julie Barney PSYCH 570 August 23, 2010 Dr. Robert Lichtman What is Organizational Psychology? Organizational psychology is an area that makes use of the scientific method to further comprehend the actions of persons functioning in organizational backgrounds. Additionally this information is utilized, in an assortment of techniques, in order to assist in making organizations more successful. Successful groups are characteristically more constructive, frequently offer better quality assistance to individuals, and are typically more economi

    View Document »

    What Is Sociology

    1507 words, 7 pages

    The word sociology is derived from both Latin and Greek origins. The Latin word: socius, "companion"; -ology, "the study of", and in Greek , "word", "knowledge". (Des Manuscrits de Sieyès. 1773–1799) Sociology is a science of social interaction and social organization. In explaining social interaction and social organization, sociologists look at how people in groups construct attitudes, beliefs, values and behavior, and how these in turn influence social interaction and social organization. An understanding of social interaction and social organization allows sociologists to identify social

    View Document »

    Employees Retention In Private Sector (An Exploratory Study In The State Of Kuwait)

    11571 words, 47 pages

    ABSTRACT The retention of human resources has been shown to be momentous to the development and the accomplishment of the organization’s goals and objectives. The primary aim of this study is to explore the main factors that affect private sector workforce retention in the state of Kuwait. 125 surveys distributed to private sector workforce. The survey questions designed to determine three elements of retention; Benefits factors, strategies factors and organizational culture factors. The result of the study shows that benefits factors such as salary and compensation were rated as most imp

    View Document »

    Clyde Snow

    1076 words, 5 pages

    Michael Arevalo Writing Assignment Anthropology 101 December 1, 2008 Clyde Snow Biography When it comes to the world of forensic science and forensic anthropology the average person does not know too much information about the subject other than maybe watching episodes of CSI. It is a shame because people like Clyde Snow can go unappreciated throughout their lives. Clyde Snow is one of the most recognized figures in the unnoticed world of forensic anthropology and the impact he has had on the world had made it a better place to live. Snow, now 76 years young is known around the world

    View Document »

    Examine The Contribution Of Any Two Of The Following To The Discipline Of Anthropology

    1490 words, 6 pages

    a) Bronislaw Malinowski b)Radcliffe Brown c) Evans Pritchard Anthropology is the scientific study of humanity, seeks to explain how and why people are both similar and different through examination of our biological and cultural past and com perative study of existing human beings.Micheal Howard( 1996).The discipline of anthropology focuses on the various ways that people live and are shaped by social relations,history,political and economy. However human beings are not simply shaped by their environment in which they live, they also actively shape the environment in which they live. The

    View Document »

    Studying And Analyzing The Effect Of Organization

    12547 words, 51 pages

    CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1. AN OVERVIEW Egyptian Petroleum industry proved over the years a considerable amount of positive contribution in Egyptian Economy on both Macro and Micro level, through being one of the one of four main sources for foreign currency, and one of most important products exported which assist reducing existing deficit in balance of payment, this is on the macro level, and on the micro level it assist Egyptian development program through reducing unemployment rates through offering a remarkable amount of work opportunities. Accordingly the h

    View Document »

    Whatcontributed To The Crisis In Social Psychology

    4604 words, 19 pages

    What contributed to the “crisis in social psychology” and what was the outcome? Social psychology is a blend between the discipline of psychology and sociology. Usually, within a psychological field a researcher would look at the individual; cognitions, emotions and attitudes, compared to a sociological perspective of people in groups or crowds; demography, the impact of society on them and social inequalities. Social psychology aims to combine these two, the relationship between the individual and society as a whole. Allport, in an attempt to define social psych

    View Document »

    The Effectiveness Of Organizational Culture

    2893 words, 12 pages

    The Effectiveness of Organizational Culture Abstract Discuss the effectiveness of organizational behavior in organization. Data was collected from secondary data management book, magazines and management journal research by researchers regarding organization behavior. 1.0 Introduction Organizational culture is complex and complicated it has a significant influence on the performance of an organization. Organization culture also has significantly affected the process and operation of organization. This term paper discuss in deep about “the effectiveness of organizational culture”

    View Document »

    How Do Comte Spencer And Durkheim Understand Social Dynamics Or Evolution Which Thinker Provides The Most Plausible Theory Of Social Dynamics And Why

    1752 words, 8 pages

    Auguste Comte is credited with being the founder of sociology due to the fact that he gave the discipline its name. Yet, most of the new ideas and thoughts that are emerging are often improvements or extensions of previous scholars and thinkers. This is the certainly the case with Comte, for he was working within a long French tradition of thinking that gave him the vital elements that allowed for his announcement that the era of sociology was upon them (Beeghley, Powers and Turner.2012). Comte was born in 1789 in Montpellier, France. He was born into and lived during the maelstrom of post-

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!