Latin Borrowings In Middle English

1112 words, 5 pages

Intro Sample...

1. Contextualization.
The middle English period begins with the Norman Conquest and its most notable for its French influence, but Latin words were still being borrowed. It should be noted that many of the borrowed French words were originally derived from Latin words. During this period Latin was also know as the language of the intellectuals and was still being taught in schools, albeit through French. Students, who spoke English at home, were studying Latin via French, and their Latin pronunciation and spelling were probably French. Even if a word was borrowed directly from Latin it would be difficult to clearly say that it was a direct borrowing, because it may be pronounced in a French manner, so it is difficult to know how many... View More »

Body Sample...

As one can appreciate these words are, in first instance, to be use in professional and technical sectors of the society, but we know that they use is applied to other sectors. It should be noticed that many of them have one of this endings: -able, -ible, -ent, -al, -ous, -ive, which became very familiar in English.

2.1 Aureate terms
Aureate terms, which are direct borrowings from Latin, were a stylistic device that many poets, and even some writers of prose, used in their writings. Using such words as abusion, dispone, diurne, equipolent, palestral, and tenebrous, poets attempted what has been described as a kind of stylistic gilding, and this feature of their language is accordingly known as 'aureate diction'. This tendency began in the fourteenth century, back in Chaucer's time. In fact, it occurs in moderation in his poems. However, it is very common to find this stylistic device in the work of Scottish Chaucerians such as James I, Henryson, and Dunbar. One example of this can be found in the opening lines of Dunbar's Ballad of our Lady:
'Hale, sterne superne! Hale, in eterne,
In Godis sicht to schyne!
Lucerne in derne,29 for to discerne
Be glory and grace devyne;
Hodiern, modern, sempitern,
Our tern infern for to dispern
Helpe, rialest Rosyne!'
As one can appreciate the use of aureate terms makes the composition quite artificial. The poets who affected aureate terms have been described as tearing up words from Latin which never took root in the language. This is essentially true, but not wholly so. Some of these words have ...

Read More

Related Essays on Latin Borrowings In Middle English

  • History Of English Literature

    2973 words, 12 pages

    English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria. Following the economic, political, military, scientific, cultural, and colonial influence of Great Britain and the United Kingdom from the 18th century, via the British Empire, and of the United States since the mid-20th century,[5][6][7][8] it has been widely dispersed around the world, become the leading language of international discourse, and has acquired use a

    View Document »

    Companies Act

    5277 words, 22 pages

    SCHEDULE VI (See section 211) GENERAL INSTURCTIONS FOR PREPARATION OF BALANCE SHEET AND STATEMENT OF PROFIT AND LOSS OF A COMPANY IN ADDITION TO THE NOTES INCORPORATED ABOVE THE HEADING OF BALANCE SHEET UNDER GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1. Where compliance with the requirements of the Act including Accounting Standards as applicable to the companies require any change in treatment or disclosure including addition, amendment, substitution or deletion in the head/sub-head or any changes interse, in the financial statements or statements forming part thereof, the same shall

    View Document »

    English Is Sustainable As An International Language

    2493 words, 10 pages

    Introduction In our everyday communication, no language can replace our own native language. However, the world has become so different from former times and has become much smaller and closer, as a globalised world. As the world becomes smaller and people of the world become closer, there are a growing number of encounters between peoples of different countries. In this global world, people essentially need an international communication tool. If there is no international communication tool, it is certain that more communication problems will arise between people. Because modern technology i

    View Document »

    Designating English As The Official Language Of Th

    2908 words, 12 pages

    Designating English as the official language of the United States Currently, and surprisingly, there is no official language designated for the United States of America. Should English be that official language for our nation? The United States is usually thought of an English speaking country and the Official Language needs to be representative of the same for many reasons. The voting public is extremely divided; with some stating that the United States should remain language-less, others claim it should be Spanish, while another viewpoint is to choose multilingualis

    View Document »

    Summary: Watching The English

    7124 words, 29 pages

    She is her own guinea pig. She bumped into people and jumped the queues. THE ‘GRAMMAR’ OF ENGLISHNESS National identity is said to be lost. OBJECT: Fox tried to find some commonalities in English behaviour. She’s trying to define Englishness. This identity is continuous. The British can’t explain their behaviour. They act instinctively and don’t notice. She did research in pubs, at racecourses, in shops, in nightclubs, on trains, on street corners. ‘Participant observation’ means participating in the life and culture of the people one is studying, to gain a true insider’s perspective

    View Document »

    Greek And Latin In The Terminology Of Immunology

    2227 words, 9 pages

    Many modern scientific terminology has been derived from basic word-elements of Greek and Latin languages. This is particularly true in the field of medicine where new words are emerging everyday as our knowledge of the human body increases. Hence it is a great advantage to be able to recognize the Latin and Greek roots for a science student in their study of scientific terms. A passage from a recently-published journal Immunology is examined to show how those scientific terminologies have been constructed from classical roots and the advantages of employing the Greek a

    View Document »

    Analysing Financing Activities

    2511 words, 11 pages

    How to Analyze Financial Activities of a Company All what a company do to raise finance for various operating and other needs are referred to as financing activities. Analyzing financial activities is a one of the major analysis comes under accounting analysis and it helps an analyst to understand the company’s finance structure, growth, prospects , risk etc. These financing of a company comes either in form of equity or liabilities (debt). Liabilities Liabilities are financing obligations that require future payment of money, services or other assets. In other words a liability is a pro

    View Document »

    Covering Fiscal Deficit Should It Be Through Monetization X Or Market Borrowing Y

    2994 words, 12 pages

    Abstract The topic relates to the fiscal deficit and how it should be covered. Fiscal deficit is a reality in today’s political economic structure, and an important tool for developing nations for financing development activities even though it is accompanied by inflation which has a negative side effect (if not controlled). Moreover for developed economies also, the governments often resort to fiscal deficit because the growth so triggered leads to small inflation, which is desirable in the economy. To state concisely Fiscal Deficit is budgetary deficit plus market borrowings and other l

    View Document »


    1515 words, 7 pages

    Part I “Recurring Themes in Latin American Economic Though: From Prebisch to the Market and Back” Latin American countries have been prone to external shocks from foreign economies; examples include drastic changes in commodities prices, international interest rates, and the direction of cash inflows and outflows. Raul Prebisch said that the economic policies of Latin America cannot ignore external factors. He argues that the results have been four stages of economic policies and growth in Latin America in the last fifty year. These stages are: First Stage: Prebisch

    View Document »

    Edexcel Igcse Support Materials

    16343 words, 66 pages

    IGCSE English Language (Specification B) Teacher’s guide Edexcel IGCSE in English Language (Specification B) (4EB0) First examination 2015 Edexcel, a Pearson company, is the UK’s largest awarding body, offering academic and vocational qualifications and testing to more than 25,000 schools, colleges, employers and other places of learning in the UK and in over 100 countries worldwide. Qualifications include GCSE, IGCSE, AS and A Level, NVQ and our BTEC suite of vocational qualifications from entry level to BTEC Higher National Diplomas, recognised by employers

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!