Smart’s argument, “someone could be morally obligated to execute an innocent person to prevent something worse”, must be accepted by all utilitarians. Smart’s argument must be accepted by all ultilitarians based on certain principles of utilitarianism, which make it possible for us to make the assumption: all utilitarians believe in consequentialism. Consequentialism in turn is the basis behind Smart’s argument being true.
The example Smart refers to is McCloskey’s situation of whether or not a sheriff should kill an innocent man to save hundreds of people in a small town who would die in riots. To first establish our case we must define what consequentialism is. Consequentialism is defined as:... View More »