Understanding Personality

1014 words, 5 pages

Intro Sample...

Understanding personality is difficult because personality theorists see things differently. Discuss.
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and individual differences. It focuses on constructing a picture of a person’s psychological process and investigates individual differences, that is, how people can differ from one another. Personality can be defined as a set of organised characteristics processed by a person that influences their cognitions, motivations and behaviour in various situations. The study of personality is difficult because theorists concentrate on different aspects of personality. For example, some theorists focus on the development of personality where as... View More »

Body Sample...

It examines the elements of a person’s personality in terms of five recognised traits such as agreeableness, conscientiousness; openness to new experiences, extraversion and neuroticism. Behaviour is thought to be determined by certain traits of an individual that are stable over time and which remain consistent throughout one’s lifespan. The main proponents of the trait approach are Allport, Cattel and Hans Eysenck. Gordon Allport researched different kinds of adjectives that can be used to describe behaviour and found 4,500 words in the dictionary. Allport grouped the Trait adjectives into cardinal traits, which are recognised as single traits that dominate a person’s personality, central traits which are recognised as traits that could best describe a person and secondary traits which only become apparent in particular situations. In his approach central traits are basic to a person’s personality. There are a number of traits that can be used to describe personality; the statistical technique of factor analysis (used to reduce large data sets) has demonstrated that particular traits that correlate with one another can be clustered together. The factors that emerge should be the main personality traits.
There are theoretical differences between the humanistic approach and trait approach that make personality difficult to understand. Firstly, the humanistic approach focuses on the individual’s interpretation of what is happening in the here and now. It allows the individual to express themselves without having to look in the past, although in some instances it might go ...

Read More

Related Essays on Understanding Personality

  • Borderline Personality Disorder The Line Between Sanity And Psychosis

    4365 words, 18 pages

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a chronic psychiatric, emotional, and cognitive illness known for it prevalence and diagnosis in adolescents typically among the age of 18. There are many approaches in defining BPD, however, most of the BPD criteria are centered among objective symptoms described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Fourth Edition, Text Revision). When it comes to proper diagnosis of BPD, other characteristics such as personality traits and society’s view on certain behaviors need to be addressed. This paper is targeted toward exploring the characteristics of BPD

    View Document »

    Personality Disorders

    3811 words, 16 pages

    Everybody in this world has a personality trait. Some individuals are easy going and some aren’t so they are considered shy. Personality traits help an individual respond to new situations, but for a lot of individuals responding to new situations can cause a problem. Individuals like this act without even thinking of what their outcome from their behavior will be. When an individual’s personality causes a problem for them in society, we consider this to be a personality disorder. Having some type of historical review of understanding what exactly personality types are and what the differenc

    View Document »


    10833 words, 44 pages

    What is Borderline Personality Disorder? Personality disorders affect about 10% of the general population. This group of mental disorders is defined by maladaptive personality characteristics that have a consistent and serious effect on work and interpersonal relationships. DSM-IV defines ten categories of personality disorder. Of these, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is the most frequent in clinical practice. BPD is also one of the most difficult and troubling problems in all of psychiatry. The term "borderline" is a misnomer. These patients were first des

    View Document »

    To What Extent Is Does Personality Change

    2465 words, 10 pages

    Personality development concerns the origins of personality and the degree to which it is stable or changeable from childhood through old age (Funder, 2007). The extent to which personality develops over a life time is a highly discussed and debated topic throughout personality psychologists. Such research relies on longitudinal evaluations of consistency in people’s performance based on theories from, Costa and McCrae’s (1987) Big Five Personality Theory. Despite the common perspective that personality traits, that the relatively enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings

    View Document »

    Personality Paper

    1298 words, 6 pages

    PSY/405 Lynn Hagan Introduction to Personality Every individual has a personality. An individual’s personality is what defines the individual. The purpose of this paper is to define personality, examine theoretical approaches in studying personality, and to analyze factors that may influence an individual’s personality development. The word “personality” originated from the Latin persona, which referred to a theatrical mask worn by Roman actors in Greek dramas (Feist & Feist, 2009). Actors from ancient Rome wore mask to project a role or false appearance (Feist & Feist, 2009). Howeve

    View Document »

    Personality Paper

    1527 words, 7 pages

    The word "personality" comes from the Latin meaning persona, which represents the mask that an actor may wear during a theatrical performance of Roman and Greek drama (Feist & Feist, 2009). Actors wear their persona as a means to cover up a false exterior onto the design character. A persona reflects today’s humans, who play roles pertaining to the different individual’s personality, often consisting of different parts he or she needs during a situation. All individual’s personality consists of different parts and needs in which he or she prefers to call on depending on which part he or she ne

    View Document »

    Personality Traits And Job Performance.

    1783 words, 8 pages

    Personality is defined as the consistent pattern of emotions, thoughts and behaviours that define a particular individual as well as the psychological mechanisms that bring about such aforementioned tendencies (McShane, Olekalns, & Travaglione, 2013). It also refers to individual reactions and interactions with others hence, it is an inner psychological feature as Hiriyappa (2012) describes. This predisposition explains behaviours and attitudes of employees hence a core determinant in organization behaviour as Kumar, Bakhshia and Rani (2009) explain. Personality results from an amalgamation o

    View Document »

    Anti Social Personality Disorder

    2870 words, 12 pages

    Personality disorders are pervasive chronic psychological disorders, which can greatly affect a person's life. Having a personality disorder can negatively affect one's work, family, and social life. Personality disorders exists on a continuum so they can be mild to more severe in terms of how pervasive and to what extent a person exhibits the features of a particular personality disorder. While most people can live pretty normal lives with mild personality disorders, during times of increased stress or external pressures, the symptoms of the personality disorder will g

    View Document »

    What Is Meant By Personality

    2547 words, 11 pages

    How do we define another person? Generally speaking we define them by specific personality traits such honest, impulsive, friendly, mean or rude, people use a number of these qualities to describe one another’s personality. Is this accurate to stereotype people in this way? Perhaps not but ones personality is a very influential and important part of daily life. How do people think about, influence and relate to one another? No two people are exactly alike, everyone has different parents, different experiences and lives, these differences cause people to view the world

    View Document »


    5926 words, 24 pages

    The Influence of Personality on HE Students’ Confidence The Influence of Personality on HE Students’ Confidence in their Academic Abilities Briony D. Pulford University of Leicester, UK Harjit Sohal University of Wolverhampton, UK Abstract Students’ confidence in their academic abilities, measured with the Individual Learning Profile (ILP) scale, was examined in relation to their personality traits and grades. To validate the ILP, in Study 1, factor analysis of data from 3003 students extracted six factors (Reading and Writing, Hard IT, Numeracy, Time Management, Spe

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!