What Is Meant By Personality

2547 words, 11 pages

Intro Sample...

How do we define another person? Generally speaking we define them by specific personality traits such honest, impulsive, friendly, mean or rude, people use a number of these qualities to describe one another’s personality. Is this accurate to stereotype people in this way? Perhaps not but ones personality is a very influential and important part of daily life.
How do people think about, influence and relate to one another? No two people are exactly alike, everyone has different parents, different experiences and lives, these differences cause people to view the world a little differently to the person next to them and each human being has unique properties which enable them to interact with the people around... View More »

Body Sample...

(Turner & Helms, 1995)
Whereas Freud stresses biological determinants of behaviour, Erikson looks to cultural and societal behaviour, his psychosocial theory was influenced by Freud’s psychosexual stages of development and builds on these. Erikson differs from Freud in that he emphasises the child’s interaction with the environment rather than solely the individual’s instinctive drives. He views the ego, not the id, as the major driving force of behaviour.
Erikson’s development theory proposes that individuals are socialised into their environment from childhood, passing through eight sequential stages of development. In each of these stages crises occur that influence ego development. The resolution of each crisis can have either a good or a bad outcome, depending on the individual’s ability to strike a healthy balance. (Papalia & Wendkos Olds, 1995) The first developmental stage is basic trust vs. basic mistrust, to come out of this stage successfully the child develops the right balance of trust and mistrust
During the second stage of autonomy vs. shame and doubt the child strikes a balance between what they can do, what is safe to do, and what they should do, during the third stage of initiative vs. guilt the child develops ability to try new things and learns how to handle failure, during the fourth stage of industry vs. inferiority the child learns basic skills within his/her culture and learns to fight feelings of inferiority, during the fifth stage of identity vs. role confusion adolescent determines own sense of self, during the sixth stage of ...

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