Creoles Lead Latin America Independence

1269 words, 6 pages

Intro Sample...

New Spain and its social hierarchy existed for several centuries in the Latin American colonies. However, at the beginning of the 19th century, widespread revolution broke out. In a span of just two decades, almost all of what had once been New Spain became independent from European rule. Although all the social classes except the peninsulares were involved, the Creoles took the leading role in the fight for freedom. The Creoles led the revolutions in Latin America because of a desire for political power, nationalism, and economic conditions.
Political power was a huge motivator for the Creoles. As the second highest class in the New World, "The Creoles had growing economic and social influence, but the... View More »

Body Sample...

While the Creoles were proud of their European ancestry, they were also born in, and lived in, Latin America. They did not consider themselves Spaniards, so, while they often fought with natives because of their sense of entitlement, they could also be fiercely loyal to the natives. In many ways, they were aligned with the natives against the Spanish, whom some Creoles, like Simon Bolivar considered "invaders" (Doc A) of their homeland. Mexican priest and Creole Father Hidalgo also expressed this belief that the Spanish were evil conquerors, demanding that the people of Latin America "recover the lands stolen three hundred years ago from [their] forefathers by the hated Spaniards" and "defend [their] rights as true patriots" (Doc E). For those Creoles, and many others, revolution was an act of pride on behalf of their country. The Spanish were invaders had no right to occupy Latin America, so revolution was necessary in order to put power in the hands of the people who were actually born in Latin America, including the Creoles. The Creoles considered themselves Americanos, not Spaniards, and they wanted independence from their oppressive mother country.
Creoles were also driven by the state of the economy in Latin America. The first economic problem they faced was a recession. As Alan Knight explains, "In 1808-1809 drought produced a great mortality among Mexico's livestock and decimated the harvest... Food prices tripled... agrarian crisis soon affected the rest of the economy" (Doc D). The recession provoked widespread unrest throughout Latin America and threatened the ...

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