Crime And Deviance

1246 words, 5 pages

Intro Sample...

Crime is actions which break the law in the country and individual is in or “crime refers to those actives that break the law of the land and are subject to official punishment.” (Haralambos and Holborn 2008). Deviance is closely related to crime but refers more to the cause of such crimes “deviance consists of those acts which do not follow the norms and expectations of a particular social group” (Haralambos and Holborn 2008). This essay will be discussing both crime and deviance in relations to the causes of this, specially biological theories which suggest that a criminals is predetermined by the genetics to be criminals and the opposite theory which is it’s , mental or psychological factors which cause crime and deviance, the essay... View More »

Body Sample...

The functionalist perspective on deviance is that society as a whole is responsible not just the individual. Some functionalist even argue that “deviance is a necessary part of all society's, and that it preforms positive functions for social system” (Haralambos and Holborn 2008) this is because functionalist believe that crime kin inevitable and is generated by society itself. Deviance  is only harmful to society when its rate is to high or too low and that deviance can be a catalyst for social change and this can in turn lead to society's progressing. What the functionalist theory seems to ignore is the negative affects crime can have on the victim and the criminal and who the laws which are the outcome of deviance benefit.

Traditional Marxists view on deviance is that deviance is a result of economic factors and the proletariat's are forced to commit crime to survive and most laws are there to protect the bourgeoisie's property and that in a communist society there would be no crime. The problem with this perspective it is a rather simplistic view and there are many factors that influence crime, not just economic factors and this is ignored by the Marxist's. Another problem with this perspective is that in a communist society there would be no crime; but history has shown that this did not work in the USSR,China or Cuba.

Police, courts and other government agency's provide the statistics which is the basis for many theories of crime. In the UK there is a constant pattern of who commits crime and in what area. The official statistics report that members of ...

Read More

Related Essays on Crime And Deviance

  • Labeling Theory

    1641 words, 7 pages

    Introduction The deviance defines as the act that violates social norms (Thio, 2007). Many of the sociologists try to explain the phenomenon of the deviance by evaluating theories that can appropriate to it. Many of the sociologists interested with the cause of deviant behavior occur, but, for one particular theory that is famous among them and deviate from other theory is the labeling theory. Labeling theory, instead of focus on the causes of deviant, the labeling theory focus on the process where deviant occurs. Labeling theory, can be classify as one of the versi

    View Document »

    Labelling Theory - Clashes With Social Norms

    1788 words, 8 pages

    Labelling theory first came about in the late 1960s and 70s as a new approach to crime and deviance, and is a social way of thinking about crime. It became the main sociological theory of crime, even though it did not try and understand what exactly made people criminal but more societies reactions to crime, “it looks towards society’s reaction to the deviant more than to the person of the deviant” [Williams; 2008, Pg.420]. Previously, Functionalists had discussed reasons for deviance being anomie and incorrect socialisation within an individual causing them to be unaware of social norms and f

    View Document »

    Farenhit 451

    1377 words, 6 pages

    Veronica Dunning English 1123 RU Paper 4 / Dr. Jeff Kersh April 24, 2012 How Do Deviant Acts Compare to Crimes? Depending on whom you are and what you have been exposed to, the meaning of deviance is different. The difference between deviant acts and crimes is irrelevant. The more important issue at hand is why some people of our community feel that deviant acts aren’t as punishable as crimes. A few weeks ago in my sociology class we were introduced to this subject. Despite what many people believe, deviance is not just about the lower classes of peop

    View Document »

    Deviant Behavior And Social Control

    1971 words, 8 pages

    Deviance is only considered to be deviance when the actions go against what are considered the norms of the group. Is a group of cannibals in the South American jungle eating fellow human beings considered deviant behavior? Is kissing your loved one in a public place to show affection considered deviant behavior? What about a person laying down a small rug and praying wherever they are at certain times throughout the day. There is no definite answer to the questions previously posed. Deviant behavior is a part of every society, but is it a necessary part of society and

    View Document »

    Asses The Usefulness Of Functionalist Approaches To Our Sociological Understanding Of Crime And Deviance

    2402 words, 10 pages

    ‘Asses the usefulness of functionalist approaches to our sociological understanding of crime and deviance’ (21 Marks) This essay will look at how functionalist have made it clearer and easier for us to understand the reasons crime and deviance is needed for society and will also look at different theories and their usefulness. Durkheim looks at how crime and deviance is inevitable and needed in society as it performs two important positive functions: boundary maintenance and adaptation and change, he says that boundary maintenance is when society reacts to crime and

    View Document »

    Assess The Usefulness Of Marxism In Understanding Crime And Deviance

    1177 words, 5 pages

    To understand how useful certain theories and methods are when studying crime and deviance you need to know what crime and deviance is. A criminal act is something which breaks the law for example murder or rape. A deviant act however is different from a criminal act as a deviant act is something which is frowned upon in society for example being naked in public, however it is very hard to define a deviant act, as what some people see as deviant others may not. Marxists such as Karl Marx believe that society is ideologically manipulated through the law only being applied to less powerful gro

    View Document »

    Organized Crime

    2903 words, 12 pages

    Criminology Term Paper Melissa Bruckner April 10, 2010 Organized Crime In the anarchic, lawless, and dangerous world of crime, organized crime has constituted a unique subculture in our society and provides a form of credentialing by reputation as well as a lifestyle for various groups of people. Often by use of threats and violence, organized crime facilitates cooperation between criminals with the goal of obtaining money through illegal activities. Criminals are bonded together by a code of trust and silence, which creates a bond of cooperation between crimi

    View Document »

    Protesters Gather At President’s Office

    740 words, 3 pages

    The article being discussed in this paper is from the Northern Star. It is titled “Protesters gather at president’s office” found on the front page of the Northern Star’s 118th volume, 28th issue. The article is about a group of protesters trying to negotiate a deal with the university. They are trying to fight for higher wages because many employees have not received an increase in their wages in over seven years. The protesters argue that the wages these employees are receiving are not enough to make a decent living. A common sociological concept seen in this article is deviance and social c

    View Document »

    Left Realism As A Response To Marxist And Neo-marxist Approaches

    1493 words, 6 pages

    Left Realism developed in the 1980s and is particularly identified with John Lea and Jock Young (1984). Left Realists are interested to find out why crime was increasing so significantly Left Realism is critical of the perspectives which sees longer prison sentences as the solution to crime, (Right Realists) but also oppose the views of left idealists. Therefore it developed as a response to traditional Marxist and neo-Marxist approaches (Left idealists), which it accused of: * not taking crime seriously, and reducing it to simple moral panics induced by the capitalist state• romanticizin

    View Document »

    Are Criminals Born Or Made?

    2165 words, 9 pages

    “Criminal behaviour is a form of rule breaking, mainly a violation of criminal law”. (Defining Crime and Studying Criminology and Criminal Justice, pg 20). However deviances, is not similar to crimes definition, but is more of a social or traditional definition, which is accepted by the society, if a person behaves or acts out of the norms of society or standards, they will be labelled as deviant, but not criminals. This also could be breaking the custom law, but still not seen as a offender as it is not recognised by the Criminal law or legislation, basically custom la

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!