Deviant Behavior And Social Control

1971 words, 8 pages

Intro Sample...

Deviance is only considered to be deviance when the actions go against what are

considered the norms of the group. Is a group of cannibals in the South American jungle

eating fellow human beings considered deviant behavior? Is kissing your loved one in a

public place to show affection considered deviant behavior? What about a person laying

down a small rug and praying wherever they are at certain times throughout the day.

There is no definite answer to the questions previously posed. Deviant behavior is a part

of every society, but is it a necessary part of society and what causes it? There are many

theories on what may cause deviance, but no single one is correct. This deviant and

criminal behavior is... View More »

Body Sample...

William H. Sheldon followed Lombroso’s lead

and categorized humans in three body types: endomorphic, ectomorphic, and

mesomorphic. He concluded that endomorphs were relaxed, ectomorphs tend to be

timid, and mesomorphs are aggressive. He also studied juvenile boys and saw that the

mesomorphs were more likely to be delinquent. The most recent studies have stated that

traits are passed from parent to child that cause the child to be more susceptible to

impulsive and negative acts. They also show that poor parenting could cause a lower

serotonin level, which leads to aggressive behavior.

There are three main psychological theories; psychoanalytic, behavioral, and

crime as individual choice. They focus on the factors of the role of parents and one’s

early life. Sigmund Freud developed the psychoanalytic theory which focuses on

someone’s unconscious. He suggests that there are three parts to the personality, the id,

the superego, and the ego, and that the id holds our natural instincts (Tischler, p.145). He

also states that our instincts are subdued by socialization, but for some the socialization is

not adequate and this causes deviance. In behavioral theory it says that we respond to

incentives and negative sanctions. If one is rewarded for a negative behavior that they

are likely to continue that behavior. The crime as individual choice theory takes into

thought everything that could cause crime and says that if the consequences of

committing a crime are more desirable that not committing the crime ...

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