Social Stratification

1832 words, 8 pages

Intro Sample...

Emile Durkheim’s Contributions to the Development of Modern Social Science.

The purpose of this research is to examine the foundations of Durkheim's theories and traditions, and also discuss the important contributions he made in the development of modern social science. In order to understand the theory with more clarity, let's first look at the founding theorist of Structural Functionalism, Anomie and the other ideologies mentioned. Emile Durkheim was born in Epinal, France, which is in Lorraine. He came from a long line of devout French Jews. Both his father and grandfather had been Rabbis. Durkheim himself lived a completely secular life. Much of his work, in fact, was dedicated to demonstrating that religious phenomena stemmed... View More »

Body Sample...

Holism is an approach which stresses that sociology should focus on and study large social processes and institutions. Functionalism is an approach which aims to discover the roles these institutions and processes play in maintaining a social order. Durkheim's central objective was to give sociology a professional and scientific standing comparable with other traditional 'natural' sciences such as Biology, Anthropology, and Astronomy. Durkheim also introduced the idea of "irrefutable facts" to the social sciences. Those being the facts and concepts in the social arena that were reduced to their lowest, most basic form, much as "prime numbers" are in mathematics. The three types of irrefutable facts as he saw it were: 1) the facts relevant to the "social organism"- or the environment. 2) The social facts underlying the institutions - such as the family, education and state. 3) The facts relating to the collective representations, or the moralities and values of the society. These are the most basic categories as Durkheim viewed them. He also introduced the idea of “Macro-sociological perspective.” In it, he viewed society "the whole being greater than the sum of all its parts." Durkheim could show how they naturally worked towards the better good of the entire organism, and this was the Structural Functionalist Theory. Durkheim views of Macro-ideology define our culture so well even to this day. The basic principles that he used in the 19th century are still being used by sociologist in the 21th century. Our entire population comprises the whole, the living organism, and ...

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