Sociological Theories - Karl Marx And Emile Durkheim

1613 words, 7 pages

Intro Sample...


Sociology 300

The purpose of a theory is to understand/explain a concept. Karl Marx is one theorist that discusses the society as being materialistic and idealistic. Work is alienated and becomes an estranged object to the laborer. Émile Durkheim, on the other hand, discusses how our society has evolved from a mechanical solidarity to an organic solidarity. Barbara Ehrenreich’s Nickel and Dimed is her attempt at working low wage jobs and seeing how she can get by in the American society. Her findings show elements of both Marx’s and Durkheim theories.

KARL MARX
The Industrial Revolution and the emerging capitalism influenced Karl Marx’s theory. Marx also combined idealism and materialism in his theory. Idealism is the ideas that... View More »

Body Sample...


He states, “the estrangement is manifested not only in the result but in the act of production—within the producing activity itself” (Marx 48-49). The work does not feel like it belongs to the worker, it is an external factor to him. In turn, it does not satisfy the worker’s internal needs. The end product then does not belong to the worker, either does the process of creating the product. The third form is being alienated from own human kind. It is almost as if we forgot how to be human when we work because we are working without conscious thought. “Estranged labor reverses this relationship, so that it is just because man is a conscious being that he makes his life-activity, his essential being, a mere means to his existence” (Marx 50). Marx compares this work of human to animal alienation. It brings us down to the level of animals. The last form is being alienated from one person to another. This new consciousness has taken over and workers no longer see themselves as equals. They see each other based off their positions in the labor market. “The relationship of estranged labour each man views the other in accordance with the standard and the position in which he finds himself as a worker” (Marx 51). Then money comes into play. Money becomes more important in determining who someone is rather than his or her personality. Money takes a life its own, becoming independent of its possessor.

In today’s time, many of Marx’s theories do not apply to us. Back then, the capitalist were nearly 100% in control of the labor market. Now, we have labor laws, government ...

Read More

Related Essays on Sociological Theories - Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim

  • Testing The Waters

    881 words, 4 pages

    Tuesday, March 9, 7:30 a.m. -- Denver Nuggets coach George Karl pops in his mouthpiece and puts on his helmet and braces himself for a brutal 15 minutes, but this isn't football. This is cancer radiation. We're at Denver's Swedish Medical Center. The helmet is actually a white, hard-mesh mask that fits to every contour of Karl's big bucket head. It has red crosses all over it, like a hockey goalie's. He lays his 283 pounds on the table and the technicians clamp the mask on hard. How Karl breathes I'll never know. They secure his limbs and ask him to hold a blue plastic donut so no part of h

    View Document »

    Economic Globlization

    1315 words, 6 pages

    Capitalism and Economic Globalization In a perfect world there would be no hunger, no poverty, and no crime, but no such world will ever exist. There will always be suffering, hurt, anguish, and despair. Yet, shouldn’t we strive to provide a good future for all? This concept of the most amounts of good for the most amounts of people is call Utilitarianism. Contrary to popular belief, the United States doesn’t believe in such a state of being. Instead, through capitalism and economic globalization the United States has proven to believe in the exact opposite of utilitarianism.

    View Document »

    Christian Ethics In A Postmodern World

    7459 words, 30 pages

    CHRISTIAN ETHICS IN A POSTMODERN WORLD The Rise of Postmodernity Since Federico de Onis’s use of the term ‘postmodernismo’ to describe the Spanish and Latin-American poetry of 1905-1914 which had reacted against the ‘excess’ of modernism in 1934, (Rose 1991: 171) “Postmodernism” became very popular. It has been used in the fields of art (Christo-Bakargiev 1987), architecture (Pevsner 1967), literature (Hassan 1971), video, economics, films (James 1991), ideology (Larrain 1994: 90-118), theology (Tilley at al 1995), and philosophy (Griffin et al 1993). In trying to understand ‘postmode

    View Document »

    Hamong World View

    6354 words, 26 pages

    Hmong World View and Social Structure According to Durkheim (1961), the source of what we regard as sacred or religious lies within our own image. The deities and spirits we pay respect to are but "society transfigured" for in the final analysis we only worship our society. It is society which is both the cause and the expression of religious sentiments through regular ritual representations (Aron, 1967: 53) These rights constitute beliefs enacted for the purpose of preserving a sense of belonging for the participants and maintaining them together as a group. They not only tie the members o

    View Document »

    Leadership & Motivation

    5482 words, 22 pages

    Leadership and Motivation: a Practical Analysis Leadership Project Paper within: LEADERSHIP Authors: ALAURENT, Hervé HARRINGTON, Jaclyn KUPKE, Nils VACHEVA, Desislava WALACH, Joey Tutor: BRUNDIN, Ethel Jönköping December 2008 Table of Contents 1 Abstract 1 2 Introduction 1 2.1 Purposes 1 2.2 Mica’s perspective on Motivation 2 3 Transformational Leadership 2 3.1 Leadership and Temperament Congruence 3 4 Need Theory 4 5 Expectancy Theory 7 6 Conclusion 8 7 References 9 Abstract Motivation is an abstract concept that has been stud

    View Document »

    The Sporting British

    17557 words, 71 pages

    CONTENTS |Introduction |2 | |Main part |3 | |The British. The main features of the British character. |3 | |History of british sport |5

    View Document »

    Final

    20238 words, 81 pages

    Once upon a time, there was a prostitute called Maria. Wait a minute. 'Once upon a time' is how all the best children's stories begin and 'prostitute' is a word for adults. How can I start a book with this apparent contradiction? But since, at every moment of our lives, we all have one foot in a fairy tale and the other in the abyss, let's keep that beginning. Once upon a time, there was a prostitute called Maria. Like all prostitutes, she was born both innocent and a virgin, and, as an adolescent, she dreamed of meeting the man of her life (rich, handsome, intelligent), of getting married (

    View Document »

    Special Economic Zones In India

    21349 words, 86 pages

    Introduction to Economic Zones “Export else perish “ these are the words of first Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. India being a continent like country having 30 states, more than 1000 languages and world second largest man power having diversified natural conditions right from Rain Forests of Kerala, Ice Mountains of Himalaya, Runn of Kuch to productive land of Bramahaputra has great potentials of world class export worthy products from various industries like Agriculture, Engineering, Chemicals, Software’s, Gems and Jewellry, Pharmaceuticals, Bio technology and many more.

    View Document »

    Hawkers

    18362 words, 74 pages

    HAWKERS AND THE URBAN INFORMAL SECTOR: A STUDY OF STREET VENDING IN SEVEN CITIES Prepared by Sharit K. Bhowmik for National Alliance of Street Vendors of India (NASVI) Section I: Introduction This report is based on a study of hawkers and street vendors conducted in seven cities in India. It was initiated by the National Alliance of Street Vendors of India (NASVI) and as such it is not merely an academic exercise in understanding the problems of this section of the work force. The purpose of this study is two-fold. Firstly, it tries to objectively understand the problems of street vendors i

    View Document »

    Leadership

    12658 words, 51 pages

    [pic] Mount Cedar Technologies, Inc. Dr. Nonemaker University of La Verne Fall 2009 – Business 655 Raine Hambly Debra Quarles Vatche Yeressian Allison Zellien Table of Contents Chapter One Company Background, Mission, and Vision Statement …………... 3 Chapter Two Building Your Organizational Culture ……………………………….. 5 Chapter Three Motivating and Rewarding Employees ……………………………... 9 Chapter Four Building Training and Diversity Program ………………………….. 16 Chapter Five Organizational Structure and Design ………………………………. 23 Chapter Six Improving Communication ……………………………

    View Document »

More Popular Essays

Research help is just moments away!