The purpose of a theory is to understand/explain a concept. Karl Marx is one theorist that discusses the society as being materialistic and idealistic. Work is alienated and becomes an estranged object to the laborer. Émile Durkheim, on the other hand, discusses how our society has evolved from a mechanical solidarity to an organic solidarity. Barbara Ehrenreich’s Nickel and Dimed is her attempt at working low wage jobs and seeing how she can get by in the American society. Her findings show elements of both Marx’s and Durkheim theories.
The Industrial Revolution and the emerging capitalism influenced Karl Marx’s theory. Marx also combined idealism and materialism in his theory. Idealism is the ideas that... View More »