The Rise And Fall Of Europe

881 words, 4 pages

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Militarism was growing within all the countries and large armies and navies were being built. Powerful military officers were also being developed and tended to dominate the civil authorities. Complete mobilization plans were drawn up and only awaited the go-ahead signal. These secret battle plans inspired espionage, which in turn provoked greater hatred and fear. This hatred and fear was also aroused by strong feelings of nationalism. The French turned against the Germans and the Russians against the Austrians. It was inevitable that war would break out in this antagonistic atmosphere that Europe had created.
World War I caused devastation in Europe’s land, economics and finances. They were greatly in debt to their allies. This caused them to create the Treaty of Versailles, which was a humiliating treaty that the Germans were forced to sign saying that they accepted responsibility for the war and will pay for all the damages done. In addition, the size of the German state was reduced, while that of Italy and France was enlarged. There was rising hostility between Germany and the rest of Europe.
The major effect of World War I was the people’s lack of trust in their government. This led to new more liberal governments and the rise of fascism. Fascism is an “authoritarian political ideology that considers the individual subordinate to the interests of the state, party or society as a whole. Fascists seek to forge a type of national unity, usually based on ethnic, cultural, racial, or religious attributes.”(Wikipedia) These governments were created mostly to combat the communist governments that were forming after the war. The most notable fascist was Adolf Hitler in Germany. He introduced the idea of Nazism or National Socialism which labeled his people as the superior race. He believed that the Jewish people caused them to lose World War I because they didn’t support the war and sold Germany out to their enem View More »

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