The Use Of Performance Enhancing Drugs In Sports

1390 words, 6 pages

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By the late 1940 bodybuilders had discovered the effects of testosterone as a means to stimulate muscle growth and to make themselves train with more intensity. Athletes today usually use these anabolic steriods and combination of weight training to increase muscle mass and strenght. Steroids were introduced to the U.S. by the late Dr. John Ziegler. Dr. Ziegler was a physician and a scientist, but he also was an athlete. He was a “leading weight lifter” in the U.S. In 1956 he traveled to Vienna, Austria for a wrestling competition. While there, he spoke with a Russian trainer who told him, “Russian athletes had discovered a miracle drug”, which became know as anabolic steroids. The athletes had enormous strength and body mass gains from this new drug. Dr. Ziegler wanted to make sure his country kept up with the Russian competition so when he returned home he started prescribing these anabolic steroids his weight lifting friends. The most popular steroid formed under his company is called Dianabol, which still exists today. In time the doctor realized the how much harm steroids caused to the body and turned against them. (1)
Anabolic steroids can have many bad side effects when taken in excessive doses and over long periods of time. The most common side effect is Acne, which is caused by the increase in testosterone. Other side effect include the increase of cholesterol and a rise in blood pressures as well as liver damage. Prolong use of AAS can also alter the structure of the left ventricle and induction of an unfavorable enlargement and thickening of the left ventricle, which cause changes in the way it contracts during relaxation due to the mass increase. (10) Despite these dangers, which have been widely publicized in medical journals and the popular press, athletes continue to take steroids and to a lesser extent human growth hormone. There is also an increase of male sexua View More »

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