Because of the lost to the British, the Boers headed north and founded their own republics. When diamond was founded in 1867 and gold in 1886 the economy started booming and immigration became much intensified, which led to the suppression of the native residents.
As the years went on the National Party won the all-white elections and began passing strict policies. Around the1940s South Africa operated under the policy of separate development of the races. The government limited the rights and freedoms of the black-Africans called apartheid. In the early 1960s Nelson Mandela and other anti-apartheid leaders were convicted and imprisoned on charges of treason. The African Native Congress and the Pan-African Congress were forced underground and fought apartheid through revolutionary warfare and sabotage. In May 1961, South Africa renounced its authority status and declared itself as a republic. In 1990 the ANC, PAC, and all other anti-apartheid groups were un-banned, and later becoming abolished releasing Nelson Mandela from prison. He later became the President of South Africa.
Nelson Mandela main focus was unemployment, housing shortages, and crime. Mandela's administration began to reintroduce South Africa into the global economy by implementing a market-driven economic plan known as Growth, Employment and Redistribution (GEAR). He accomplished his goals, and stepped down from office five years later from the date he became president. After his presidency, Thabo Mbeki took his place and decided to shift focus of government from reconciliation to transformation, particularly on the economic front. Mbeki made a promise to the people of South Africa that he would reduce poverty, encourage economic growth, and fight crime all under the new democratic system.
South Africa is located at the southern tip of the continent Africa, and is the seventh largest country in Africa. It is located to the West, South, and East, bo View More »